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paramilitary

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Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2006) 23 (3): 75–85.
Published: 01 September 2006
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2014) 31 (3): 86–97.
Published: 01 September 2014
... anyone carrying a gun. Still, such motivations—whether driven by ideology, money, cultural norms, or fear—generally mattered little to those tracking them. The violence exploded after the paramilitaries arrived in Eastern Antioquia. Colombia’s paramilitary organizations were also formed in the 1960s...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2000) 17 (3): 1–11.
Published: 01 September 2000
...? 3 divide government offices between them into tivists, candidates, and elected officials were the mid-1980s. murdered by rightist paramilitary groups, Colombia’s guerrilla movements arose thereby eliminating the Patriotic Union as in resistance to the National Front. Founded a...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2013) 30 (2): 101–106.
Published: 01 June 2013
... paramilitaries. The paramilitaries say that displaced people are guerrillas, when in my case, at least, it was the guerrillas who displaced me. Several people who worked with the organization were killed by the paramilitaries, and they were all displaced people. One day in May 2008 at about three in the...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2016) 33 (3): 32–38.
Published: 01 September 2016
... Republican Army (IRA) and loyalist paramilitaries. From the late 1960s to 1998, when the Good Friday Agreement was signed, over 3,600 people died as a result of sectarian violence known as the Troubles. Many more were wounded or lost loved ones. But leaders on both sides rejected any accord where they...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2016) 33 (3): 93–104.
Published: 01 September 2016
...—at a school in Peshawar for the government and military to make the operation a priority. In response to the airport attack, Pakistan’s legislature passed the Protection of Pakistan Act in July 2014, legalizing a set of extrajudicial tactics and giving military and paramilitary forces as well as...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2017) 34 (4): 3–5.
Published: 01 December 2017
... was roughly 40 percent Han and 46 percent Uyghur. One of the first waves of Han migration into East Turkestan was facilitated by the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, a paramilitary agricultural organization started under Mao Zedong that established, and held jurisdiction over, Han...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2004) 21 (3): 95–100.
Published: 01 September 2004
... nationalists, who made “transcendent paramilitary nation-statism.” them prominent features of fascism’s appeal. With this inelegant term he tries to get at All three books are outstanding, even as a variety of things: First, that fascists fer­ they differ greatly in their approach to the vently...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2016) 33 (4): 26–34.
Published: 01 December 2016
... most difficult in Colombia’s countryside, which has been ravaged by the longest-running armed conflict in the Western Hemisphere. Since the 1950s, leftist guerrilla groups, right-wing paramilitaries, and the Colombian military have fought over political representation and land rights, primarily in...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2001) 18 (2): 65–70.
Published: 01 June 2001
... military modern U.S.-trained counterinsurgency and political establishment, only moderate troops and their paramilitary allies. In progress has been made on the laundry list early 1982, several guerrilla groups united of social and economic reforms, including in the Guatemalan National Revolutionary...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2006) 22 (4): 25–35.
Published: 01 December 2006
... are breeding therefore fundamentally different. Guerrillas grounds of addiction. and paramilitaries in Colombia pose a threat to Colombians and their state. They may International Terrorism pose a threat to neighboring states as a re­ U.S. policy toward Latin...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2016) 33 (4): 84–88.
Published: 01 December 2016
..., Iran’s use of and command over militia forces and paramilitary groups is already a source of concern for Moscow, given their preference to work with the Syrian army and state security apparatus. If Iran replicates the Hezbollah-style model in Syria, this will pose challenges for the state’s armed forces...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2017) 34 (2): 38–42.
Published: 01 June 2017
... long employed paramilitary strategies using military hardware, and they continue to do so. In the United States—an ignominious standard-bearer in the West for the militarization of police—Congress in 1996 allowed local and state law enforcement to acquire surplus military-grade weapons. In the two...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2018) 35 (1): 30–34.
Published: 01 March 2018
... began to be known across the world for news of farmers, students, and workers being killed by military and paramilitary groups, as well as for the murders and kidnappings carried out by burgeoning leftist guerrilla forces. Then, in March 1980, the world was shaken by the assassination of Monsignor Óscar...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2004) 21 (3): 15–22.
Published: 01 September 2004
... now battles Spain’s democratic govern­ midan, a young Moroccan living in Spain, ment in its quest for Basque autonomy. also convicted of a petty crime. Once in Both are classic paramilitary terrorist organ­ prison, however, both the nominally Chris­ izations, with integrated command struc­ tian...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2012) 29 (1): 33–42.
Published: 01 March 2012
... the nation” and “lackeys of the empire.” In May 2004, a group of 112 Colombians dressed in Venezuelan army uniforms were captured at a hacienda in El Hatillo, a suburb of the Venezuelan capital. While Chávez’s government accused the group of being paramilitaries involved in an armed rebellion...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2004) 21 (1): 41–49.
Published: 01 March 2004
... death squads sal— by the United Nations, the Organiza­ in the 1980s, later was a key member of tion of American States ( o a s ), and human the FRAPH paramilitary group during the rights groups everywhere. The United Na­ 1991—94 military regime, and has been Haiti: So Many Missteps...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2006) 22 (4): 36–46.
Published: 01 December 2006
... of Japan as a SDF as essentially a “paramilitary” force that beacon of peace and disarmament, and mili­ had only one mission: repelling an attack tarists’ depiction of it as the paladin of na­ on Japanese territory. They consequently tional liberation and “co-prosperity.” Even limited it to...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2001) 18 (2): 43–53.
Published: 01 June 2001
... questions of human history: Is “iden­ “rescue” their fellow Serbs in the city, Ser­ tity politics” compatible with peaceful poli­ bian paramilitaries had to rend Sarajevo’s tics? In the hierarchy of powerful cultural multiethnic fabric. “If you were a trouble­ values that make up a society, must...
Journal Article
World Policy Journal (2016) 33 (3): 6–11.
Published: 01 September 2016
... rule. China spent more on internal security—encompassing paramilitary police, surveillance systems, and an informant network—than on its military budget in three out of the past six years, according to its own figures, exposing the party’s fears that its major threats are domestic rather than...