Back in 1992, I argued that two seemingly antithetical developments—the globalization and centralization of the market economy under the aegis of the American consumer monolith (“McWorld”), and the fracturing and re-tribalizing of nation states in favor of anti-modern religious and cultural insurgents (“Jihad”) —were actually closely connected to one another. Centripetal forces driven by the consumer economy and centrifugal forces driven by antipathy to the consumer economy manifested the same destructive logic.

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