Table 2

COVID-Related Concerns, Behaviors, and Policy Attitudes

ConcernsHealth behaviors*Policy attitudes
Measurement How worried, if at all, are you that: (not at all worried, somewhat worried, worried, very worried) Which of the following have you done to protect against coronavirus? (check all that apply) To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? (strongly disagree, somewhat disagree, neither agree nor disagree, somewhat agree, strongly agree) 
Option wording 1. They or a family member would get sick.
2. A friend would get sick.
3. Things cannot return to normal.
4. It would be hard to get necessities.
5. There would be negative economic effects.
6. School closures and business cuts would affect personal finances. 
1. Washed hands more
2. Wore a mask
3. Bought sanitizer
4. Avoided gatherings
5. Avoided contact with others
6. Sought information on COVID
7. Self-quarantined
8. Changed travel plans 
1. The government should make all COVID testing free for all Americans.
2. The government should waive insurance costs and hospital fees for treating coronavirus.
3. The government should ban public events to contain the spread.
4. The government should grant paid leave to anyone with COVID and encourage them to stay home until fully healthy. 
ConcernsHealth behaviors*Policy attitudes
Measurement How worried, if at all, are you that: (not at all worried, somewhat worried, worried, very worried) Which of the following have you done to protect against coronavirus? (check all that apply) To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements? (strongly disagree, somewhat disagree, neither agree nor disagree, somewhat agree, strongly agree) 
Option wording 1. They or a family member would get sick.
2. A friend would get sick.
3. Things cannot return to normal.
4. It would be hard to get necessities.
5. There would be negative economic effects.
6. School closures and business cuts would affect personal finances. 
1. Washed hands more
2. Wore a mask
3. Bought sanitizer
4. Avoided gatherings
5. Avoided contact with others
6. Sought information on COVID
7. Self-quarantined
8. Changed travel plans 
1. The government should make all COVID testing free for all Americans.
2. The government should waive insurance costs and hospital fees for treating coronavirus.
3. The government should ban public events to contain the spread.
4. The government should grant paid leave to anyone with COVID and encourage them to stay home until fully healthy. 

Notes: *Because of the timing of the last wave of this study, we do not have vaccination status for respondents because not all Americans were eligible for a vaccine in late March 2021 and states had different criteria for the vaccine rollout. Thus, vaccination status at that point was a mix of eligibility, availability in one's state, access, and interest rather than a straightforward behavioral measure.

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