Table 5

Log differences in wages, by planning status and years since first birth, from fixed-effects regression models

Model 1Model 2Model 3
A. White Women    
 Planning status (ref. = planned, or no children yet)    
  Unplanned but wanted −0.04 −0.04 −0.04 
  Mistimed 0.01 0.01 0.02 
  Unwanted 0.23** 0.21* 0.21* 
 Years since first birth (ref. = not yet had birth)    
  Years 1–6 after first birth −0.08*** −0.07*** −0.07*** 
  Years 7–11 after first birth −0.16*** −0.12*** −0.13*** 
  Later years −0.18*** −0.13*** −0.14*** 
B. Black Women    
 Planning status (ref. = planned, or no children yet)    
  Unplanned but wanted −0.15* −0.16* −0.16* 
  Mistimed 0.04 0.04 0.04 
  Unwanted −0.06 −0.06 −0.05 
 Years since first birth (ref. = not yet had birth)    
  Years 1–6 after first birth −0.02 −0.02 −0.02 
  Years 7–11 after first birth −0.02 −0.00 −0.01 
  Later years −0.06 −0.03 −0.03 
Model 1Model 2Model 3
A. White Women    
 Planning status (ref. = planned, or no children yet)    
  Unplanned but wanted −0.04 −0.04 −0.04 
  Mistimed 0.01 0.01 0.02 
  Unwanted 0.23** 0.21* 0.21* 
 Years since first birth (ref. = not yet had birth)    
  Years 1–6 after first birth −0.08*** −0.07*** −0.07*** 
  Years 7–11 after first birth −0.16*** −0.12*** −0.13*** 
  Later years −0.18*** −0.13*** −0.14*** 
B. Black Women    
 Planning status (ref. = planned, or no children yet)    
  Unplanned but wanted −0.15* −0.16* −0.16* 
  Mistimed 0.04 0.04 0.04 
  Unwanted −0.06 −0.06 −0.05 
 Years since first birth (ref. = not yet had birth)    
  Years 1–6 after first birth −0.02 −0.02 −0.02 
  Years 7–11 after first birth −0.02 −0.00 −0.01 
  Later years −0.06 −0.03 −0.03 

Notes: All models adjust for age, educational attainment, marital status, region, urban-rural residence, metropolitan statistical area classification, year, and person fixed effects. Model 2 further adjusts for additional children. Model 3 includes all the variables from Model 2, in addition to marital status and the spouse's hours and earnings.

*p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001

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