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Table 3

Ordinary least squares regression with levels of black dissimilarity, 1970 and 2005–2009

Black-White DissimilarityBlack-Nonblack Dissimilarity
1970a2005–20091970a2005–2009
Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5Model 6Model 7Model 8
Intercept 0.752*** –0.185 0.730*** 0.065 0.750*** –0.181 0.647*** –0.014 
Region 
  Northeast (omitted) 
  Midwest 0.107*** 0.163*** –0.013 0.068*** 0.108*** 0.163*** 0.049*** 0.113*** 
  South –0.023 0.142*** –0.172*** –0.023* –0.022 0.141*** –0.127*** 0.009 
  West 0.056* 0.124*** –0.159*** –0.057*** 0.052* 0.117*** –0.166*** –0.030* 
Metropolitan Area–Level Controls 
  Proportion black  –0.193*  0.058  –0.197*  0.092* 
  Proportion other race  –0.740*  –0.031  –0.637  –0.127** 
  Proportion manufacturing  –0.075  –0.206  –0.073  –0.364** 
  Proportion government  0.125  –0.185  0.130  –0.365* 
  Proportion military  –0.214*  –0.598***  –0.214*  –0.520*** 
  Proportion 65+ years old  0.262  0.075  0.263  0.107 
  Log of MA population  0.062***  0.046***  0.061***  0.040*** 
  Proportion housing units built in last 10 yrs.  –0.035  –0.923***  –0.030  –1.064*** 
  Proportion homeownership  0.338***  –0.016  0.343***  0.140 
  Proportion suburban population  –0.053  0.036  –0.053  0.053** 
  Proportion of the young population high school dropout  –0.679***  0.986***  –0.669***  0.893*** 
  Black-to-ref. group income ratio  –0.124  –0.092  –0.136  –0.032 
N 229 229 343 343 229 229 343 343 
Adjusted R2 .267 .652 .456 .856 .266 .647 .488 .840 
Black-White DissimilarityBlack-Nonblack Dissimilarity
1970a2005–20091970a2005–2009
Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5Model 6Model 7Model 8
Intercept 0.752*** –0.185 0.730*** 0.065 0.750*** –0.181 0.647*** –0.014 
Region 
  Northeast (omitted) 
  Midwest 0.107*** 0.163*** –0.013 0.068*** 0.108*** 0.163*** 0.049*** 0.113*** 
  South –0.023 0.142*** –0.172*** –0.023* –0.022 0.141*** –0.127*** 0.009 
  West 0.056* 0.124*** –0.159*** –0.057*** 0.052* 0.117*** –0.166*** –0.030* 
Metropolitan Area–Level Controls 
  Proportion black  –0.193*  0.058  –0.197*  0.092* 
  Proportion other race  –0.740*  –0.031  –0.637  –0.127** 
  Proportion manufacturing  –0.075  –0.206  –0.073  –0.364** 
  Proportion government  0.125  –0.185  0.130  –0.365* 
  Proportion military  –0.214*  –0.598***  –0.214*  –0.520*** 
  Proportion 65+ years old  0.262  0.075  0.263  0.107 
  Log of MA population  0.062***  0.046***  0.061***  0.040*** 
  Proportion housing units built in last 10 yrs.  –0.035  –0.923***  –0.030  –1.064*** 
  Proportion homeownership  0.338***  –0.016  0.343***  0.140 
  Proportion suburban population  –0.053  0.036  –0.053  0.053** 
  Proportion of the young population high school dropout  –0.679***  0.986***  –0.669***  0.893*** 
  Black-to-ref. group income ratio  –0.124  –0.092  –0.136  –0.032 
N 229 229 343 343 229 229 343 343 
Adjusted R2 .267 .652 .456 .856 .266 .647 .488 .840 

Notes: Metropolitan areas with at least 1,000 blacks are included in the analyses. Results are weighted by metropolitan-area black population.

aHispanics were not separated from blacks and whites in the 1970 census. We use non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black for 2005–2009.

*p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001

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