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Table 4

Effect of community mortality on probability of a post-tsunami birth

Fraction of Total Population in Community That Died, by Woman’s Characteristics at Time of Tsunami
ParityAgeCompleted High School
≤3>325–34NoYesFraction of Children That Died
Covariates(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)
Fraction Died in Tsunami Interacted With 
 A. Mother lost at least one child 0.460 0.578 0.056 0.279 0.204 1.077 0.315 
 [0.184] [0.231] [0.325] [0.372] [0.220] [0.311] [0.146] 
 B. Woman childless pre-tsunami 0.468 0.488 –– 1.238 0.400 0.565 0.341 
 [0.181] [0.190]  [0.421] [0.231] [0.345] [0.153] 
Mother Lost ≥1 Child in Tsunami 0.012 0.004 0.088 0.204 0.029 –0.024 0.026 
 [0.043] [0.053] [0.077] [0.106] [0.046] [0.110] [0.041] 
Woman Childless Pre-tsunami –0.150 –0.167 –– –0.224 –0.155 –0.153 –0.146 
 [0.025] [0.030]  [0.051] [0.032] [0.046] [0.025] 
Woman’s Parity at Tsunami –0.008 –0.022 0.013 –0.008 –0.010 –0.001 –0.008 
 [0.005] [0.011] [0.012] [0.016] [0.006] [0.013] [0.005] 
Woman Exposed to Tsunami Waves 0.028 0.026 –0.022 –0.013 0.023 0.049 0.028 
 [0.026] [0.029] [0.039] [0.062] [0.033] [0.043] [0.026] 
Woman Completed Junior High 0.029 0.021 0.071 0.118 0.034 –– 0.028 
 [0.023] [0.029] [0.044] [0.077] [0.024]  [0.023] 
Woman Completed High School 0.092 0.091 0.112 0.162 –– –– 0.090 
 [0.028] [0.034] [0.067] [0.080]   [0.028] 
Sample Size 3,936 3,347 589 1,264 2,675 1,261 3,931 
Number of Communities 283 283 226 268 272 233 280 
R2 .16 .13 .19 .07 .15 .17 .16 
F Test (p value) 
 Row A = Row B .970 .707  .020 .489 .193 .882 
 Rows A and B = 0 .008 .010 .863 .011 .191 .002 .025 
Fraction of Total Population in Community That Died, by Woman’s Characteristics at Time of Tsunami
ParityAgeCompleted High School
≤3>325–34NoYesFraction of Children That Died
Covariates(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)
Fraction Died in Tsunami Interacted With 
 A. Mother lost at least one child 0.460 0.578 0.056 0.279 0.204 1.077 0.315 
 [0.184] [0.231] [0.325] [0.372] [0.220] [0.311] [0.146] 
 B. Woman childless pre-tsunami 0.468 0.488 –– 1.238 0.400 0.565 0.341 
 [0.181] [0.190]  [0.421] [0.231] [0.345] [0.153] 
Mother Lost ≥1 Child in Tsunami 0.012 0.004 0.088 0.204 0.029 –0.024 0.026 
 [0.043] [0.053] [0.077] [0.106] [0.046] [0.110] [0.041] 
Woman Childless Pre-tsunami –0.150 –0.167 –– –0.224 –0.155 –0.153 –0.146 
 [0.025] [0.030]  [0.051] [0.032] [0.046] [0.025] 
Woman’s Parity at Tsunami –0.008 –0.022 0.013 –0.008 –0.010 –0.001 –0.008 
 [0.005] [0.011] [0.012] [0.016] [0.006] [0.013] [0.005] 
Woman Exposed to Tsunami Waves 0.028 0.026 –0.022 –0.013 0.023 0.049 0.028 
 [0.026] [0.029] [0.039] [0.062] [0.033] [0.043] [0.026] 
Woman Completed Junior High 0.029 0.021 0.071 0.118 0.034 –– 0.028 
 [0.023] [0.029] [0.044] [0.077] [0.024]  [0.023] 
Woman Completed High School 0.092 0.091 0.112 0.162 –– –– 0.090 
 [0.028] [0.034] [0.067] [0.080]   [0.028] 
Sample Size 3,936 3,347 589 1,264 2,675 1,261 3,931 
Number of Communities 283 283 226 268 272 233 280 
R2 .16 .13 .19 .07 .15 .17 .16 
F Test (p value) 
 Row A = Row B .970 .707  .020 .489 .193 .882 
 Rows A and B = 0 .008 .010 .863 .011 .191 .002 .025 

Notes: Linear probability models with community fixed effects for all women age 15–49 and living in mortality-affected districts at time of tsunami. See notes to Table 3.

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