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Table 3

Effect of death of own child in tsunami on subsequent birth probabilities: Dependent variable is an indicator variable for birth post-tsunami

Model
Child DiedChild Died Interacted With
OLSFENo. of Children Who DiedChild’s AgeParityEducation
Covariates(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)
Mother Lost >1 Child in Tsunami 0.050 0.099     
 [0.031] [0.036]     
Number of Children Lost in Tsunami   0.069    
   [0.023]    
(1) If Mother Lost ≥ 1 Child Interacted With Age of Children at Tsunami 
 All age >2    0.098   
    [0.045]   
 Some age <2    0.094   
    [0.231]   
Mother’s Parity at Tsunami 
 <3     0.114  
     [0.044]  
 ≥3     0.066  
     [0.056]  
Mother Completed High School? 
 Yes      0.086 
      [0.037] 
 No      0.153 
      [0.103] 
Mother’s Parity at Tsunami –0.001 –0.009 –0.010 –0.010 –0.014 –0.009 
 [0.005] [0.006] [0.006] [0.006] [0.009] [0.006] 
Mother’s Parity ≥3 at Tsunami     0.024  
     [0.028]  
Mother Exposed to Tsunami Waves 0.016 0.065 0.065 0.065 0.064 0.063 
 [0.024] [0.032] [0.032] [0.033] [0.032] [0.031] 
Mother Completed Junior High 0.030 0.037 0.037 0.035 0.038 0.037 
 [0.019] [0.024] [0.024] [0.025] [0.024] [0.024] 
Mother Completed High School 0.062 0.073 0.072 0.070 0.074 0.070 
 [0.025] [0.034] [0.034] [0.034] [0.034] [0.034] 
Sample Size 2,301 2,301 2,301 2,301 2,301 2,301 
R2 .21 .22 .22 .22 .22 .22 
Community Fixed Effects No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 
Number of Communities 276 276 276 276 276 276 
Model
Child DiedChild Died Interacted With
OLSFENo. of Children Who DiedChild’s AgeParityEducation
Covariates(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)
Mother Lost >1 Child in Tsunami 0.050 0.099     
 [0.031] [0.036]     
Number of Children Lost in Tsunami   0.069    
   [0.023]    
(1) If Mother Lost ≥ 1 Child Interacted With Age of Children at Tsunami 
 All age >2    0.098   
    [0.045]   
 Some age <2    0.094   
    [0.231]   
Mother’s Parity at Tsunami 
 <3     0.114  
     [0.044]  
 ≥3     0.066  
     [0.056]  
Mother Completed High School? 
 Yes      0.086 
      [0.037] 
 No      0.153 
      [0.103] 
Mother’s Parity at Tsunami –0.001 –0.009 –0.010 –0.010 –0.014 –0.009 
 [0.005] [0.006] [0.006] [0.006] [0.009] [0.006] 
Mother’s Parity ≥3 at Tsunami     0.024  
     [0.028]  
Mother Exposed to Tsunami Waves 0.016 0.065 0.065 0.065 0.064 0.063 
 [0.024] [0.032] [0.032] [0.033] [0.032] [0.031] 
Mother Completed Junior High 0.030 0.037 0.037 0.035 0.038 0.037 
 [0.019] [0.024] [0.024] [0.025] [0.024] [0.024] 
Mother Completed High School 0.062 0.073 0.072 0.070 0.074 0.070 
 [0.025] [0.034] [0.034] [0.034] [0.034] [0.034] 
Sample Size 2,301 2,301 2,301 2,301 2,301 2,301 
R2 .21 .22 .22 .22 .22 .22 
Community Fixed Effects No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 
Number of Communities 276 276 276 276 276 276 

Notes: Linear probability models for all mothers at time of tsunami living in mortality-affected districts. Community fixed effects are measured for community of residence at time of pre-tsunami survey. All models include controls for age of mother splines, ln(per capita expenditure), indicator variables for household ownership of land, and ownership of house, all measured prior to the tsunami. Standard errors (shown in brackets) take into account clustering at the community level and are robust to heteroskedasticity. Difference between OLS and FE estimate of impact of child death = 0.049 (SE = 0.020).

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