Table 2

Difference in the probability of secondary and tertiary education at age 27 by the presence of health problems at ages 10–16, with 95% confidence intervals shown in parentheses

Health ProblemModel 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5
A, Secondary Education 
 Somatic condition –.028 –.026 –.015 –.022 –.016 
(–.032, –.024) (–.030, –.022) (–.019, –.011) (–.029, –.015) (–.023, –.009) 
 Frequent infections –.014 –.016 –.009 –.023 –.020 
(–.017, –.010) (–.020, –.013) (–.012, –.006) (–.031, –.016) (–0.027, –.013) 
 Mental disorder –.196 –.171 –.170 –.119 –.117 
(–.202, –.189) (–.177, –.165) (–.176, –.163) (–.130, –.107) (–.129, –.106) 
 Birth year and sex Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 
 Other control variablesa No Yes Yes No No 
 Mutually adjustedb No No Yes No Yes 
 Sibling fixed effects No No No Yes Yes 
N 352,899 352,899 352,899 163,430 163,430 
B. Tertiary Education (among those with completed secondary education) 
 Somatic condition –.040 –.035 –.027 –.010 –.005 
(–.046, –.034) (–.041, –.029) (–.033, –.022) (–.021, .002) (–.017, .006) 
 Frequent infections –.013 –.013 –.007 –.026 –.023 
(–.019, –.007) (–.019, –.008) (–.013, –.001) (–.038, –.013) (–.035, –.011) 
 Mental disorder –.169 –.147 –.145 –.107 –.106 
(–.176, –.162) (–.154, –.140) (–.152, –.138) (–.123, –.092) (–.122, –.091) 
 Birth year and sex Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 
 Other control variablesa No Yes Yes No No 
 Mutually adjustedb No No Yes No Yes 
 Sibling fixed effects No No No Yes Yes 
N 318,202 318,202 318,202 138,852 138,852 
Health ProblemModel 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5
A, Secondary Education 
 Somatic condition –.028 –.026 –.015 –.022 –.016 
(–.032, –.024) (–.030, –.022) (–.019, –.011) (–.029, –.015) (–.023, –.009) 
 Frequent infections –.014 –.016 –.009 –.023 –.020 
(–.017, –.010) (–.020, –.013) (–.012, –.006) (–.031, –.016) (–0.027, –.013) 
 Mental disorder –.196 –.171 –.170 –.119 –.117 
(–.202, –.189) (–.177, –.165) (–.176, –.163) (–.130, –.107) (–.129, –.106) 
 Birth year and sex Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 
 Other control variablesa No Yes Yes No No 
 Mutually adjustedb No No Yes No Yes 
 Sibling fixed effects No No No Yes Yes 
N 352,899 352,899 352,899 163,430 163,430 
B. Tertiary Education (among those with completed secondary education) 
 Somatic condition –.040 –.035 –.027 –.010 –.005 
(–.046, –.034) (–.041, –.029) (–.033, –.022) (–.021, .002) (–.017, .006) 
 Frequent infections –.013 –.013 –.007 –.026 –.023 
(–.019, –.007) (–.019, –.008) (–.013, –.001) (–.038, –.013) (–.035, –.011) 
 Mental disorder –.169 –.147 –.145 –.107 –.106 
(–.176, –.162) (–.154, –.140) (–.152, –.138) (–.123, –.092) (–.122, –.091) 
 Birth year and sex Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 
 Other control variablesa No Yes Yes No No 
 Mutually adjustedb No No Yes No Yes 
 Sibling fixed effects No No No Yes Yes 
N 318,202 318,202 318,202 138,852 138,852 

aThe other control variables are maternal age, mother tongue, parental education, family type, sibship size, region, and urban-rural classification.

bSomatic conditions, frequent infections, and mental disorders were included in the model simultaneously.

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