Table 5

Second-stage results: Maternal education and child mortality

Child Is Dead
MalawiUganda
Non–2SRI2SRINon–2SRI2SRI
Odd Ratio(95 % CI)Odd Ratio(95 % CI)Odd Ratio(95 % CI)Odd Ratio(95 % CI)
Years of Education 0.971*** 0.900* 0.951*** 0.834 
(0.958–0.984) (0.811–0.998) (0.934–0.969) (0.687–1.012) 
First-Stage Residuals  1.080  1.142 
 (0.973–1.199)  (0.941–1.385) 
Overidentification Test (p value)  .1  .7 
N 23,087 23,087 13,779 13,779 
Child Is Dead
MalawiUganda
Non–2SRI2SRINon–2SRI2SRI
Odd Ratio(95 % CI)Odd Ratio(95 % CI)Odd Ratio(95 % CI)Odd Ratio(95 % CI)
Years of Education 0.971*** 0.900* 0.951*** 0.834 
(0.958–0.984) (0.811–0.998) (0.934–0.969) (0.687–1.012) 
First-Stage Residuals  1.080  1.142 
 (0.973–1.199)  (0.941–1.385) 
Overidentification Test (p value)  .1  .7 
N 23,087 23,087 13,779 13,779 

Notes: The overidentification value is the p value of the overidentification test. All regressions include religion (Malawi only), child sex, birth order, child year of birth fixed effects, district fixed effects, interaction between the dummy variable for young and the district-specific number of girls in primary school before UPE, and interaction between the dummy variable for young and the number of primary school–aged children before UPE.

p < .10; *p < .05; ***p < .001

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