Table 3

First-stage results: Impact of UPE on maternal education

Years of Education
MalawiUganda
Young 1.644*** 1.490*** 
(0.214) (0.318) 
Young × Program Intensity 0.0109*** –0.00228*** 
(0.003) (0.0004) 
Kleibergen–Paap rk Wald F Statistic 57.105 23.261 
N 15,484 8,319 
R2 .710 .717 
Years of Education
MalawiUganda
Young 1.644*** 1.490*** 
(0.214) (0.318) 
Young × Program Intensity 0.0109*** –0.00228*** 
(0.003) (0.0004) 
Kleibergen–Paap rk Wald F Statistic 57.105 23.261 
N 15,484 8,319 
R2 .710 .717 

Notes: The standard errors, shown in parentheses, are clustered at the district level. All regressions include religion (Malawi only), district fixed effects, interaction between the dummy variable for young and the district-specific number of girls in primary school before UPE, and interaction between the dummy variable for young and the number of primary school–aged children before UPE. The variable program intensity is expressed as percentage.

***p < .001

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