Table 1

Sample characteristics

OverallTreatmentControl
MeanSDMeanSDMeanSD
A. Malawi (treatment: born 1981–1987; control: born 1969–1976) 
Characteristics of the mother 
Years of education 4.51 3.62 5.45 3.44 3.53 3.53 
Age in 1994 15.54 5.68 10.38 1.91 20.97 2.22 
Sample size 15,484 7,880 7,604 
Characteristics of the child 
Child is dead 0.10 0.30 0.09 0.28 0.11 0.32 
Birth year 2003.8 4.25 2005.7 3.1 2001.9 4.37 
Child is female 1.50 0.50 1.51 0.50 1.50 0.50 
Birth order 1.82 0.38 1.70 0.46 1.94 0.23 
Sample size 23,087 11,517 11,570 
B. Uganda (treatment: born 1984–1991; control: born 1974–1980) 
Characteristics of the mother 
Years of education 5.08 3.76 5.93 3.45 4.48 3.85 
Age in 1997 15.86 5.18 10.24 2.10 19.88 2.03 
Sample size 8,319 3,455 4,864 
Characteristics of the child 
Child is dead 0.09 0.28 0.07 0.26 0.10 0.30 
Birth year 2005.0 4.21 2007.6 2.36 2003.2 4.27 
Child is female 1.50 0.50 1.50 0.50 1.50 0.50 
Birth order 1.79 0.41 1.65 0.48 1.89 0.32 
Sample size 13,779 5,514 8,265 
OverallTreatmentControl
MeanSDMeanSDMeanSD
A. Malawi (treatment: born 1981–1987; control: born 1969–1976) 
Characteristics of the mother 
Years of education 4.51 3.62 5.45 3.44 3.53 3.53 
Age in 1994 15.54 5.68 10.38 1.91 20.97 2.22 
Sample size 15,484 7,880 7,604 
Characteristics of the child 
Child is dead 0.10 0.30 0.09 0.28 0.11 0.32 
Birth year 2003.8 4.25 2005.7 3.1 2001.9 4.37 
Child is female 1.50 0.50 1.51 0.50 1.50 0.50 
Birth order 1.82 0.38 1.70 0.46 1.94 0.23 
Sample size 23,087 11,517 11,570 
B. Uganda (treatment: born 1984–1991; control: born 1974–1980) 
Characteristics of the mother 
Years of education 5.08 3.76 5.93 3.45 4.48 3.85 
Age in 1997 15.86 5.18 10.24 2.10 19.88 2.03 
Sample size 8,319 3,455 4,864 
Characteristics of the child 
Child is dead 0.09 0.28 0.07 0.26 0.10 0.30 
Birth year 2005.0 4.21 2007.6 2.36 2003.2 4.27 
Child is female 1.50 0.50 1.50 0.50 1.50 0.50 
Birth order 1.79 0.41 1.65 0.48 1.89 0.32 
Sample size 13,779 5,514 8,265 

Notes: Means are based on weighted data. Sample sizes are unweighted.

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