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Table 1

Cross-classified random-effects regression on sequence complexity

Unconditional AdditiveUnconditional InteractedConditional Interacted
123
Female   –0.570*** 
  (0.071) 
Education (ref. = secondary) 
 None   –0.802*** 
  (0.212) 
 Preprimary   –0.899*** 
  (0.106) 
 Primary   –0.523*** 
  (0.109) 
 Postsecondary   1.160*** 
  (0.103) 
Public Sector   0.156 
  (0.137) 
Occupation of Breadwinner (ref. = agriculture) 
 Senior professional   1.301*** 
  (0.185) 
 Professional   1.115*** 
  (0.199) 
 Technician   1.060*** 
  (0.184) 
 Clerk   0.970*** 
  (0.166) 
 Service   0.589*** 
  (0.148) 
 Craftsman   0.296** 
  (0.107) 
 Industry   0.358* 
  (0.176) 
 Unskilled   0.147 
  (0.113) 
 Armed services   0.592* 
  (0.290) 
 None   0.945** 
  (0.289) 
Constant 15.063*** 15.068*** 15.089*** 
(0.521) (0.491) (0.429) 
Var(Cohort) 0.655*** 0.584*** 0.330*** 
(0.301) (0.284) (0.170) 
Var(Country) 2.942*** 2.561*** 1.971*** 
(1.161) (1.029) (0.798) 
Var(Interacted)  0.455*** 0.456*** 
 (0.083) (0.082) 
Var(Residual) 28.764*** 28.387*** 27.512*** 
(0.273) (0.270) (0.262) 
ρCohort 2.02 1.82 1.08 
ρCountry 9.09 8.00 6.51 
R2Cohort   43.60 
R2Country   23.03 
R2Total   5.37 
N 22,272 22,272 22,272 
R Log-Likelihood –69,064 –68,989 –68,647 
Unconditional AdditiveUnconditional InteractedConditional Interacted
123
Female   –0.570*** 
  (0.071) 
Education (ref. = secondary) 
 None   –0.802*** 
  (0.212) 
 Preprimary   –0.899*** 
  (0.106) 
 Primary   –0.523*** 
  (0.109) 
 Postsecondary   1.160*** 
  (0.103) 
Public Sector   0.156 
  (0.137) 
Occupation of Breadwinner (ref. = agriculture) 
 Senior professional   1.301*** 
  (0.185) 
 Professional   1.115*** 
  (0.199) 
 Technician   1.060*** 
  (0.184) 
 Clerk   0.970*** 
  (0.166) 
 Service   0.589*** 
  (0.148) 
 Craftsman   0.296** 
  (0.107) 
 Industry   0.358* 
  (0.176) 
 Unskilled   0.147 
  (0.113) 
 Armed services   0.592* 
  (0.290) 
 None   0.945** 
  (0.289) 
Constant 15.063*** 15.068*** 15.089*** 
(0.521) (0.491) (0.429) 
Var(Cohort) 0.655*** 0.584*** 0.330*** 
(0.301) (0.284) (0.170) 
Var(Country) 2.942*** 2.561*** 1.971*** 
(1.161) (1.029) (0.798) 
Var(Interacted)  0.455*** 0.456*** 
 (0.083) (0.082) 
Var(Residual) 28.764*** 28.387*** 27.512*** 
(0.273) (0.270) (0.262) 
ρCohort 2.02 1.82 1.08 
ρCountry 9.09 8.00 6.51 
R2Cohort   43.60 
R2Country   23.03 
R2Total   5.37 
N 22,272 22,272 22,272 
R Log-Likelihood –69,064 –68,989 –68,647 

Notes: Unstandardized regression coefficients are displayed. Standard errors are shown in parentheses. Significance of random-effect parameters is determined by likelihood-ratio tests. Data are not weighted.

*p <.05; **p <.01; ***p < .001

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