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Table 1 

A comparison of the characteristics of Kampo medicine and Western medicine (Yakazu 1940: 2–3)

Characteristics of Kampo medicine Characteristics of Western medicine 
Synthetic Analytic 
Internal medicine Surgery 
Clinical medicine Basic science 
Treats the presentation Treats the symptoms 
Functional Mechanical 
Simple Refined 
Practical Theoretical 
Philosophical Scientific 
Root Branch 
Natural Man-made 
Tested in humans Tested in animals and test tubes 
Metaphysical Physical 
Characteristics of Kampo medicine Characteristics of Western medicine 
Synthetic Analytic 
Internal medicine Surgery 
Clinical medicine Basic science 
Treats the presentation Treats the symptoms 
Functional Mechanical 
Simple Refined 
Practical Theoretical 
Philosophical Scientific 
Root Branch 
Natural Man-made 
Tested in humans Tested in animals and test tubes 
Metaphysical Physical 
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