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Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2015) 61 (1): 1–31.
Published: 01 March 2015
..., and beyond, to the enforced servitude in ancient Greece and Rome. —William Styron, introduction to The Cunning of History The sea journey of the slave ships was a horror comparable only to the German freight cars. —Richard L. Rubenstein, The Cunning of History The only mass experience that Western...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2019) 65 (3): 191–216.
Published: 01 September 2019
... Blues achieves its political reframing of history. In doing this, I will argue, Williams blends a variety of literary and cultural forms, including the neo-slave narrative, the Holocaust memoir, the epistolary novel, the research paper, and the blues. The “imaginative recovery of the historical...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2012) 58 (3): 462–494.
Published: 01 September 2012
... of “slavery” and “freedom” to suggest, audaciously, that the Abolition of Slavery was emblematic of a civilizing force the world was better off without. European women as bonded slaves is one of the most pivotal of these metaphors. Protesting not a lack of women’s rights but a set of European...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2015) 61 (2): 232–263.
Published: 01 June 2015
... African fiction caravan trade ivory slaves Swahili coastal life Joseph Conrad postcolonial The thirty years between V. S. Naipaul’s first publication in 1957 and Zanzibar-born Abdulrazak Gurnah’s in 1987 spans at least three major epochs within the field of postcolonial studies: the era...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2011) 57 (1): 114–122.
Published: 01 March 2011
...), the critical geographies of fugitive slave narratives written in Mexico as well as the US and Canada (Chapter Two), the perspectives on mainstream “American” literary movements such as modernism and the Beats made possible by a transnational or non-US-based optic (Chapters Three and Four), comparative...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2001) 47 (3): 374–390.
Published: 01 September 2001
... ists whose sympathetic anger regarding their degraded ancestors forces them to reject the language and art of imperialist slave masters. Walcott complains: They cannot separate the rage of Caliban from the beauty of his speech when the speeches of Caliban are equal...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2009) 55 (2): 145–174.
Published: 01 June 2009
... to thee, Thy son, in time, I have returned to thee. In time, for though the sun is setting on A song-lit race of slaves, it has not set; Though late, O soil, it is not too late yet To catch thy plaintive soul, leaving, soon gone, Leaving, to catch thy...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2018) 64 (3): 275–294.
Published: 01 September 2018
... for her husband. Understanding that to accede to the requirement to “make generations” would be to endorse what she calls the “slave-breeder’s way of thinking,” Mutt tells Ursa, “I ain’t your slave neither” (160), but then proceeds to assert his ownership of her—referring repeatedly, for instance...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2009) 55 (2): 269–278.
Published: 01 June 2009
... American identity formation are still radically determined by a Hegelian narrative in which “the master strikes the slave, the slave strikes back, and thus a man is created” (4). The representative instance of this dynamic of course is Frederick Douglass’s now-mythic thrashing of the slave breaker...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2001) 47 (1): 1–19.
Published: 01 March 2001
... on the true story of Margaret Gar­ ner, an escaped slave who killed her daughter in a desperate bid to save her from the misery and indignity of slavery when threatened with re­ capture— a story very few people knew before the publication o f Mor­ rison’s book. Yet, while Beloved is a woman...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2002) 48 (3): 264–291.
Published: 01 September 2002
... came to divide N orth from South, free states from slave. The novel follows them, in part 1, “Latitudes and Departures,” from their m eeting in 1760, w hen they travel to Cape Town to observe the Transit o f Venus between the earth and the sun and help determine the Solar Parallax...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2002) 48 (3): 239–263.
Published: 01 September 2002
... o f making, but also o f mak­ ing up, o f inventing things not actually real. —James Clifford, “Partial Truths” (6) It ain’t about right or wrong, truth or lies; it’s about a slave woman w ho brought a w hole new meaning to both them...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2013) 59 (1): 174–180.
Published: 01 March 2013
... achieved. Norman proposes the useful critical term “temporal dysphoria to explain the effect of seeing images of Jim Crow today when dominant cultural narratives suggest they should be then” (6). He contrasts the neo-segregation narrative with the “neo-slave narrative,” a concept associated...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2022) 68 (1): 75–100.
Published: 01 March 2022
... with a hapless slave woman, all for the favor of the white master. 13 In this story, the white master is displaced by the Black working-class male, who competes for the affections of the Black female with the financially empowered white mistress. These pairings invite a queer reading, partly in their implicit...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2013) 59 (2): 351–359.
Published: 01 June 2013
...) Alice Munro’s “Carried Away” and Voigt’s sonnet sequence, like the three earlier works, portray “the 1918 influenza pandemic as destabilizing and linked to gender changes but they differ in denying their characters the possibility of positive transformation” (38). And Buchi Emecheta’s The Slave...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2014) 60 (3): 405–413.
Published: 01 September 2014
... similarities end as soon as we look at poems that engage law, such as Philip’s Zong!, which ironically reorders the language of a 1783 legal decision concern- ing the slaughter of the “cargo” of a slave ship, or Jamaican poet Lorna Goodison’s “Annie Pengelly,” which “represent[s] the case” (51...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2014) 60 (1): 79–98.
Published: 01 March 2014
..., on Walzer’s view, is crucial for questions of citizenship: “Hard work,” he writes, “is distributed to degraded people. Citizens are set free; the work is imposed on slaves, resident aliens, ‘guest workers’—outsiders all” (Spheres 165). If doing hard work signifies someone as a degraded outsider...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2022) 68 (2): 151–178.
Published: 01 June 2022
... and progressive ones traditionally made by Lee’s critics. jgbridgergilmore@ua.edu Copyright © 2022 Hofstra University 2022 colorblindness Jim Crow liberalism slavery US South white supremacy Slaves were the ghost in the machine of kinship. —Saidiya Hartman, Lose Your Mother...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2000) 46 (3): 346–368.
Published: 01 September 2000
... somebody forces them—we’re not talk­ ing Simon Legree here boss but importantly, “‘of their own accord’” (198). Comeaux’s comparison to slavery here is important, for the situa­ tions are formally but not materially different. If the worst of the “Southern Way of Life” deprived slaves of selfhood...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2000) 46 (2): 214–237.
Published: 01 June 2000
...) and in the acquiescence to the disintegration of his marriage (72-73). He sees it also in his failure, in the face of class and ra­ cial snobbery, to confront the Deschampsneufs, an old French slave-own­ ing family. “Why, recognizing the enemy, did you not kill him swiftly?” (176), Singh asks himself in several...