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Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2022) 68 (3): 243–272.
Published: 01 September 2022
...Aaron Chandler Placing Jack Kerouac’s representations of poverty in dialogue with the work of anthropologist Oscar Lewis, originator of the “culture of poverty” thesis, this essay demonstrates that their disparate modes of allegiance with the poor share roots in the same unstable poverty ontology...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2022) 68 (1): 1–24.
Published: 01 March 2022
... documentary film, Mass Observation, and the publications of Victor Gollancz Ltd., the article considers how, while marking a kind of formal shift away from a late Victorian discourse of poverty, this development maintains that earlier discourse’s disciplinary agenda. In examining three case studies—John...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2019) 65 (4): 307–342.
Published: 01 December 2019
... and economic concerns in telling a story about the poverty, exploitation, and violence suffered yearly by farmworkers at the hands of US agribusiness. This essay argues that Viramontes’s turn to spectrality in Under the Feet of Jesus aims to lay bare the fundamental fetishism and phantasmagoria surrounding...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2021) 67 (3): 317–344.
Published: 01 September 2021
... which Le Sueur imagines alternative feminist socioeconomic structures and, by extension, alternative forms of subjectivity that emerge within subrepresentational spaces. © 2021 Hofstra University 2021 Depression Era feminism homelessness poverty representation Midway through Meridel Le...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2022) 68 (3): 241–242.
Published: 01 September 2022
...Anne Anlin Cheng aacheng@Princeton.edu Copyright © 2022 Hofstra University 2022 The winner of this year’s prize is Aaron Chandler’s “Slum Simulacra: Jack Kerouac, Oscar Lewis, and Cultures of Poverty.” The judge is Anne Anlin Cheng, professor of English at Princeton University...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2014) 60 (4): 455–480.
Published: 01 December 2014
..., The Autobiography of a Brown Buffalo, his protagonist, Oscar Acosta, quits his job as a War on Poverty- funded Legal Services lawyer in East Oakland, California, dumping his law license in the wastepaper basket. His resignation precipitates his search for racial identity in Autobiography and eventual...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2008) 54 (4): 514–525.
Published: 01 December 2008
...Robert Chodat From Guilt to Shame: Auschwitz and After , by Leys Ruth , Princeton : Princeton University Press , 2007 . 200 pages. American Hunger: The Problem of Poverty in U.S. Literature, 1840—1945 , by Jones Gavin , Princeton : Princeton University Press , 2008 . 228...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2008) 54 (2): 193–216.
Published: 01 June 2008
... of the penurious, culture-struck clerk, Forster might not solve these problems attendant on social theory, he does affirm the poverty of not doing theory at all. Although he is attuned to the appeal of the “unknown, untypified, unspoken for”—these are in fact the positive qualities of the eponymous house’s...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2021) 67 (3): 235–268.
Published: 01 September 2021
... is remarkably industrious, Ellen remains mired in poverty; the novel opens and closes with scenes of her, first as a girl and finally as a wife and mother of five, in transit between tenancies. Nonetheless, the novel highlights Ellen’s sustaining relationship with the earth that she works. And just as her body...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2017) 63 (1): 21–48.
Published: 01 March 2017
... across Ireland, and left more ephemeral reminders in a legacy of mass migration of the Irish people across the globe. As poet Derek Mahon writes, “From famine, pestilence and persecution / Those gaunt forefathers shipped abroad” (1979, 25). Echoed in a struggle with poverty stretching well...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2018) 64 (2): 161–190.
Published: 01 June 2018
...-destructively burn down their own houses, turn a great city into “a total nowhere” (164), and deserve to live in the ruins they create. Like his Jewish American friends, Lou pathologizes racial upheaval, blaming another minority group and its poverty, differentiating themselves from “the schvartzes” (164...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2005) 51 (3): 378–384.
Published: 01 September 2005
... mobility makes “the structural explanation for Black poverty . . . more difficult to assert” (109). As Lee says of the relationship between the black middle class and the putative black underclass, “The production of one community corresponds to the creation of the other; more...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2003) 49 (4): 520–546.
Published: 01 December 2003
... Pittenger’s study of nonfiction narratives produced by middle-class writers who “passed” as poor workers in order to investigate the underclass or experience poverty identifies 49 such texts in the Progressive era alone (55). By the 1910s, a new phrase—“vital contact”5—had become current...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2016) 62 (2): 223–230.
Published: 01 June 2016
... poverty with the colonial master’s tools, is thoughtful, detailed, and convincing. “‘No Admittance’: V. S. Naipaul’s A House for Mr. Biswas ” is the first chapter that focuses exclusively on one novel. Through its reading of Naipaul’s work this chapter explores how the unrequited colonial desire...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2006) 52 (1): 22–41.
Published: 01 March 2006
... oppressive. Gilbert Osofsky identifies the 1920s as the decade in which Harlem became a slum (135). High rents, low wages, and overcrowding led to a variety of problems such as poverty, illness, and premature death. Between 1923 and 1927, Osofsky notes, Harlem’s death rate, for all causes...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2008) 54 (3): 273–306.
Published: 01 September 2008
... was to prove that the Marxist survey, which claimed that “25 percent of the working class was poor,” had overstated British levels of poverty; instead, he found that the number of poor in Britain was closer to 35 percent of the population (xxiv). Booths publica­ tions combined statistical data on East...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2013) 59 (4): 681–689.
Published: 01 December 2013
... have the power to ‘depolarize’ American culture, to make the interdependence of poverty and privilege, margin and mainstream, minority and majority, vivid and consequential—the consequence being a more explicitly compassionate populace” (xxi). “Compassionate” is a politically loaded term...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2012) 58 (1): 117–140.
Published: 01 March 2012
... argues, in the Harlem Domestic novels we find a “society reduced by poverty to a surreal state of nature” (284), not by any per- ceived particularities of  “ancestry or culture,” but by limited “education and opportunities”(277). Emphasizing this focus on economic inequality over racial...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2014) 60 (2): 197–221.
Published: 01 June 2014
...  Whereas neoliberals would later mobilize the “model minority” myth to argue that poverty is not systemic but an outcome of personal failings, the civil rights movement’s professional-class leaders advanced their cause by keeping this poverty out of sight. In order to combat white supremacist...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2007) 53 (2): 125–152.
Published: 01 June 2007
... across the country. The economic crisis was obviously of po­ litical and historical importance, but the mood of the reading public made poverty a marketable subject as well. Thus in 1936 the business monthly Fortune sent James Agee and Walker Evans to produce an illustrated fea­ ture on tenant...