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Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2021) 67 (3): 317–344.
Published: 01 September 2021
... of representation by which the state monitors and assesses, through a rhetoric of uplifted subjectivity, the behaviors of the women who depend on state relief programs. In The Girl , homeless women’s discovery of forms of being within precarious living conditions constitutes an ontological repossession through...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2023) 69 (1): 1–28.
Published: 01 March 2023
..., underemployment, crises in housing availability and cost, staggering inequality, and uneven cultural assimilation all produced wide-scale migration, work actions, homelessness, and displacement. The hobo (short for “homeless bohemian”) became a stand-in for these structural problems, as a figure both...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2000) 46 (2): 193–213.
Published: 01 June 2000
... of the early sections recollecting homes, his memory ultimately strays away from its center, abandons its homes, and re­ turns again and again to images of violence, death, and horror—images from which Jim elicits a painful pleasure. If Jim experiences his present life in terms of homelessness—a fact...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2016) 62 (3): 271–288.
Published: 01 September 2016
... is domesticated, the dog understands he is not quite human (160). Instead, in their shared state of homelessness, the man and the dog are kin, lacking secure self-knowledge or a sense of belonging. The animalized human is not fully an animal, just as the domesticated animal is not fully human...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2019) 65 (1-2): 167–186.
Published: 01 March 2019
... much based on specific group ethnicities but, rather, on forms of solidarity and alliances between similarly situated individuals. Jasna, in Lenin’s Shoe , engages the homeless Kebab in conversation in spite of his near muteness and limited command of English, and even after she finds out that he...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2022) 68 (1): 1–24.
Published: 01 March 2022
..., and Revolutionaries , the early twentieth century also gave birth to a widely overlooked subgenre of fiction concentrating on the experiences of the “modern vagrant” or “tramp.” In fact, there was a sizeable amount of fiction during this period written by homeless authors, such as W. H. Davies, Bart Kennedy, Jim...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2004) 50 (1): 1–17.
Published: 01 March 2004
... from uncritically celebrating the expatriate experience, however, Lowry’s novel suggests that the joys of cosmopolitan modernity are strangely akin to the vulnerabilities of stig­ matized homelessness. No longer sustained by either a national identity or a state apparatus, Firmin, the troubled...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2016) 62 (2): 145–169.
Published: 01 June 2016
... forces embodied by the fair: Pynchon complains to Sale that, eventually, “Skid Road will go, the winos will be made to shave and join AA, they’ll turn Pioneer Square [a gathering point for the city’s homeless then and to this day] into a parking lot. Aaahhhrrrggghhh” ( Pynchon 1962 ). The Space Needle...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2023) 69 (3): 372–378.
Published: 01 September 2023
... before his untimely death especially engage with the question of travel and the Buddhist thought and practice of no-self. As Barbour explains it, “a pilgrim’s temporary homelessness can teach important lessons about finitude, impermanence, mutual human dependence, gracious acceptance of hospitality...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2011) 57 (1): 1–8.
Published: 01 March 2011
... Spring 2011 1 Julian Murphet and leave the audience more perplexed and unsettled than before” (7), as Edward Said once observed of Ibsen’s last plays. Are these works, then, throwbacks to an earlier and more overtly “modernist” phase of textual production, a kind of homeless late...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2010) 56 (2): 269–276.
Published: 01 June 2010
... cosmopolitan, in their concerns, taking up con- troversial issues of race, anti-Semitism, homelessness, financial insecurity, alcoholism, and prostitution. For his account of the 1940s, Hutner delves into two interesting books that became vehicles for public debate: Lillian Smith’s Strange Fruit...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2010) 56 (4): 575–581.
Published: 01 December 2010
... in their choice of victims, who are invariably members of families and communities. These are people, Cassuto says, “who are missed,” unlike the typical victims of serial killers who are outcast or marginal (prostitutes or the homeless, for example) (244). The serial killer is then first of all a threat...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2010) 56 (3): 318–340.
Published: 01 September 2010
...-state remains deferred, and for whom “postnationalism through migration is not an alternative” (“Given Cul- ture” 314). 8. As true as it is that, as Maude Ellman argues, “the sense of homelessness so prevalent in Bowen’s fiction derives at least in part from the predicament of the Anglo Irish...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2011) 57 (1): 34–53.
Published: 01 March 2011
... or recondite, waiting to find a home for them” (61); his words are homeless, so the work of art will provide them with one. But in Slow Man, Paul takes the opposite stance when he says, “Privately I have always felt myself to be a kind of ventriloquist’s dummy. It is not I who speak the language...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2007) 53 (1): 40–66.
Published: 01 March 2007
...—to transform the homeless woman from a crisis of poverty and politics to one of epistemology. While this is a familiar critique, I would argue that the novel ac­ knowledges the problem of responsibility at many levels, and that the refusal to narrate the beggar woman’s...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2014) 60 (2): 169–196.
Published: 01 June 2014
... and shelter the homeless. All my dreams to provide education and medical care to the browns and blacks and the lame and the poor. But if I left that war and let the Communists take over South Vietnam, then I would be seen as a coward and my na- tion would be seen as an appeaser...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2007) 53 (3): 248–272.
Published: 01 September 2007
... to a standstill; an uprising o f homeless Angelenos; seismic shifts in L.A.’s urban geography; strange mutations in regional weather, flora, and fauna; and a 500-year-old man so strong that he can pull a bus with cables hooked to his own body. Like The Crying of Lot 49, Tropic of Orange presents...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2007) 53 (3): 273–297.
Published: 01 September 2007
... homelessness,” is harnessed to the word and differentiated from “art,” w hich, w hether literary or visual, has a sensu­ ous actuality. Thus Dostoevsky— whose works depict the world in an immediate form “remote from any struggle against what actually exists” (Lukács, Theory 152)— did...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2000) 46 (2): 125–149.
Published: 01 June 2000
... a personal loss further underscored by his comment, “All the while I wrote that last page my other self has been chasing up and down out in the dark there like a lost dog who thinks at last, at last, he hears the familiar step again” (87). The motif of searching and homelessness continues to echo...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2005) 51 (2): 179–209.
Published: 01 June 2005
... It's his— the other's— life Flashes before your eyes Or would if love could see. Couldn't I see, he said, How awful it was to be clung to? (God knows, I hated to cling.) I felt like one of the homeless. I didn't dare go home, Didn't know where to ask (That falafel...