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behavior

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Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 June 2001) 47 (2): 241–267.
Published: 01 June 2001
...Paul Scott Stanfield Copyright © Hofstra University 2001 “This Implacable Doctrine”: Behaviorism in Wyndham Lewis’s Snooty Baronet Paul Scott Stanfield yndham Lewis’s 1932 novel Snooty Baronet has received little of the attention that focuses on this spikily...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 June 2015) 61 (2): 173–208.
Published: 01 June 2015
... contemporary society and politics. Demonstrating how John Dowell’s impressionistic narrative signals the dangers of social disengagement and political isolation, the essay also addresses the novel’s historical allusions to the English Reformation and the latent correlations between characters’ behavior and the...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 June 2016) 62 (2): 197–222.
Published: 01 June 2016
... sociohistorical lens drawn from World War I nursing memoirs and medical history. Situating her behavioral antinomies within the discipline of wartime nursing demonstrates Catherine’s capability to repurpose her role as an instrument of war: through her affective labor, Catherine establishes human connections...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 December 2009) 55 (4): 629–633.
Published: 01 December 2009
... considers the extensive work that evo- lutionary biologists and psychologists have done on cooperation, in par- ticular on behavior where the direct benefits of one individual’s behavior accrue to some other individual or individuals. For example, imagine that Jack is a bird who sometimes stands guard...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 September 2006) 52 (3): 347–351.
Published: 01 September 2006
..., and transvestism in Hemingway’s work, “none have acknowledged his masochism” (2). Fantina is interested in the paradox of unconventional sexual behavior within Hemingway’s tough, gender-conservative “hero code” and in reconciling a textual universe of macho, homophobic men with their private...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 December 2009) 55 (4): 445–484.
Published: 01 December 2009
... same way twice. It certainly defines us, as much as anything does. But habits aren’t an indication of a set character that lies beneath our behaviors. We don’t have a preordained seed of personality that makes us consistent from the start. We are regular beings simply because we accumulate...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 September 2015) 61 (3): 411–416.
Published: 01 September 2015
... Moses attempts to sever the notion of a consistent character from moral integrity. Why, he asks, in both moral and literary conceptions of character, do we root out and extol “secret unmovable centers guiding and motivating behavior” (2)? Why do we demand that character conform to a set of paradigmatic...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 September 2002) 48 (3): 348–361.
Published: 01 September 2002
.... The present essay will attempt to reassess that judgm ent by viewing the text in relation to re­ cent developments in the study o f animal behavior and nonhum an sub­ jectivity, by assessing the reasons for critical hostility toward the book, and by analyzing W oolf’s own conflicted...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 June 2004) 50 (2): 167–191.
Published: 01 June 2004
... inclination to “present the world through, say, a character’s intelligence or lack of it” (Recitative 32). Such first-person enactments of “social behavior” are “more hospitable to irony, self-ex­ pression, self-contradiction, than many a philosophical or sociological system” or the...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 June 2011) 57 (2): 264–271.
Published: 01 June 2011
... defense of home and family. After providing a working definition of “propaganda” (essentially, any means of exerting “moral compulsion” short of force that manages opinions and behavior by discouraging intellection), Kingsbury surveys psychological and sociological explanations of why propaganda...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 September 2014) 60 (3): 273–304.
Published: 01 September 2014
... development in the process of curing his neurotic behavior. Far from damaging the boy, psychoanalytic treatment has given him an advantage over other children by freeing him from the burden of unresolved developmental problems. “He declared that he was perfectly well, and suffered no troubles or...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 September 2009) 55 (3): 378–392.
Published: 01 September 2009
... much more than it relies on the Homeric original. Starting from a textual comparison of the three versions, I will show that Gerty shares with But- ler’s Nausicaa an ambivalent attitude toward wealth and sumptuousness, a somewhat hypocritical notion of moral behavior, a profound respect 380...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 September 2000) 46 (3): 346–368.
Published: 01 September 2000
... at all ages, races, creeds and classes” (35) with no regard for identity, behavior, or lifestyle, and he provides representative case histories to emphasize its eclectic reach. As he states, “the occupational list (dressmakers, barge captains, sushi chefs, cabinet members) of its patients is...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 December 2009) 55 (4): 572–596.
Published: 01 December 2009
... humans and animals in the Darwin- ian model, an absence the novel assumes and subsequently sati- rizes. 2. Consequently, if humans exist on a biological continuum with animals, what is the magical quantum of sympathy that trans- forms cooperative behavior into ethical...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 September 2008) 54 (3): 273–306.
Published: 01 September 2008
... with proper manners and the impact of this preoccupation on her own behavior: About 4—4:30Victorian society exerted its pressure .The pres­ sure of society was now very strong. It created that “manner” which [Vanessa and I] both still use .We both learned the rules of the...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 December 2009) 55 (4): 510–546.
Published: 01 December 2009
... practices. In particular, questions of the relation of biology to human behavior arise nowhere more insistently than in debates over race in the early twentieth century. The demise of comparative anatomy, the development of relativist forms of cultural anthropology, and the development of...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 September 2007) 53 (3): 394–405.
Published: 01 September 2007
... and in literature feels. The Theory o f M ind itself, or ToM, the theoretical scaffolding o f this study, offers a way o f talk­ ing about the ability to mind read— that is, to infer the internal states of mind o f others by observing their behavior. Considering readers’ interac...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 March 2007) 53 (1): 74–78.
Published: 01 March 2007
... for Irish liberation, but condemned its “assertive, normative” (109) role in relation to private behaviors. The specter of the Parnell case, in which press exposure of the politician’s affair with Katharine O ’Shea led to his humiliation and ruin, serves as the template for Leopold Bloom’s...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 September 2000) 46 (3): 285–310.
Published: 01 September 2000
... being thrust into a battle he could neither renounce nor win. (Sacks 151) To Frank, however, Molly’s behavior is merely “irrational,” and after sev­ eral months of enduring it, he finds himself at the “end of [his] tether” (56). Conveniently, Molly’s actions “justify” his taking a job...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (1 September 2001) 47 (3): 293–324.
Published: 01 September 2001
... sexuality and complicitous behavior during the war.Yet, considering that Sophie’s con­ fessions reveal that she indeed had been more sexually active than she had claimed, and furthermore had sacrificed both moral and sexual in­ tegrity when she believed that it could protect her in the camp...