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African American vernacular culture

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Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2015) 61 (2): 147–172.
Published: 01 June 2015
... Cadillac on a US senator’s lawn to protest the senator’s racist pronouncements, I argue that Ellison adopts expressive strategies of black vernacular culture—the ritual of the dozens and African American automotive consumption—to explicate a singular conception of literary commitment, one that seeks...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2010) 56 (1): 99–106.
Published: 01 March 2010
... traditionally accepted surrealists. He characterizes Himes’s crime fiction as a form of “vernacular surrealism” (246), a subversively comic deployment of African American vernacular culture that extended the surrealist movement’s ideological and epistemological critiques into a popular genre...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2003) 49 (3): 388–419.
Published: 01 September 2003
... that Ellison attempts to expand the boundaries of history to include the previously unacknowledged records of African-American and vernacular culture. But although these critics have devoted considerable attention to the forms of history on display in Invisible Man, few of them have addressed...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2015) 61 (3): 417–423.
Published: 01 September 2015
... and cultural legacies. As fluent in jazz history and theory as he is in the vernacular traditions of African American poetry, Marcoux elucidates the innovative formal practices of these challenging poets. Marcoux’s introductory definition of the griot is at once precise and flexible enough to accommodate...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2010) 56 (3): 428–435.
Published: 01 September 2010
..., that the African American vernacular tradition needs to expand to include poets even Langston Hughes, the champion of the vernacular, appreciated: “it would seem unseemly for those of us who read after Langston Hughes to be less capacious and more captious in our cri- tique than he was” (xiv). Rather than...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2014) 60 (2): 243–250.
Published: 01 June 2014
... commitment to African American folk culture, has now moved to center stage in his critical reception, as scholars such as James Smethurst, Anthony Dawahare, William J. Maxwell, Kate Baldwin, Cary Nelson, and David Chioni Moore have positioned Hughes as a major figure in complex international...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2011) 57 (3-4): 364–371.
Published: 01 December 2011
... and in it” (339). Contrary to critical claims about their stronger grip on the social referent, African-American and other “minority” postmodern writers pointedly depart from realism in order to signal the difficulty of positing either a knowable community or a clear social function for the novel...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2017) 63 (2): 213–219.
Published: 01 June 2017
... an acknowledgment of Dunbar’s dialect innovations, which have been the subject of important recent reconsideration by Nurhussein and others. Works cited Bolden Tony . 2004 . Afro-Blue: Improvisations in African American Poetry and Culture . Urbana : University of Illinois Press . Gabbin...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2013) 59 (1): 37–78.
Published: 01 March 2013
... ventriloquism” (9), James Weldon Johnson and older New Negro leaders argued that acting modern meant not writing or speaking “too black” because African-American dialect had been so tarred and tarnished by its historical associations with minstrelsy and racism (10). Even when younger Harlem Renaissance...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2001) 47 (3): 374–390.
Published: 01 September 2001
... introduction of the hero then combines the epic epithet (“sea-smart” Odysseus) with the African-American influenced colloqui­ alism “my main man.” Walcott’s primary signification of geographic displacement is under­ scored macaronically, however, in the fifth line’s transliterated Greek: “An­ dra...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2001) 47 (2): 197–216.
Published: 01 June 2001
... oversimplified the nature of modernism and so have obscured the ways in which postcolo­ nial writers have productively adapted modernist strategies and ideals. While those interested in postcolonial theory have tended to casti­ gate modernism, those who study African American or Caribbean...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2009) 55 (2): 269–278.
Published: 01 June 2009
... to recall the existentialist maxim that “experience precedes essence” when thinking of Black American 269Twentieth-Century Literature 55.2 Summer 2009 269 John C. Charles identity, history, and culture, and to confront the fact that African Ameri- cans have always “chosen...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2005) 51 (2): 249–258.
Published: 01 June 2005
... Anglo-American poets, and Baraka, one of the foremost African American experimental writers. In Mackey’s reading, this hinge aspect is what makes Lorca so vital to “new American possibilities, to an American newness that is about mix, the meeting of different cultural styles...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2008) 54 (2): 263–272.
Published: 01 June 2008
... self, Epstein observes, arises later in pragmatist thought, for instance in the work of John Dewey. One of the benefits of including Baraka in Epstein’s triad of writers is the access thus gained to important new scholarship on the connections between pragmatist thought and African American...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2014) 60 (1): 79–98.
Published: 01 March 2014
...” (131-32). But why, on this view, should African Americans care about being invisible to and separated from such a community of racists? Why not be content with their separate existence, their separate culture? The answer, I think, reflects the fact that this novel is less about race, or its...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2011) 57 (3-4): 291–308.
Published: 01 December 2011
... postwar African- American fiction performs a version of the cultural and historical labor that critics continue to arrogate to realist modes of minority literature. Moreover, in making her argument for the utility of postmodernism 296 as a periodizing concept in regards to African-American...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2023) 69 (2): 147–176.
Published: 01 June 2023
..., I have begun with the example of the Women’s March to suggest that iterations of the same unequal affective economy are still operative in today’s activism. In turning to African American fiction’s portrayal of antiracism, I adopt a premise shared by contemporary cultural critics like Ahmed...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2017) 63 (2): 191–212.
Published: 01 June 2017
... as the “logical outcome of Appomattox” (1996, 169). The splendor of everyday African American culture in the urban North forces Brown’s narrator to reflect on the failures of the Confederacy. In comparison, Stein’s hero-worship of Grant seems like a distraction from the vital historical concerns of the moment...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2019) 65 (3): 191–216.
Published: 01 September 2019
... of a personal catastrophe expressed lyrically.” A distinctly African American form of cultural signifying rooted in North American slavery, the blues offers a shared “matrix,” Houston Baker (1984 : 7) argues, within which individual expressions can connect—a semiotic “crossroads” or a “codifying force...
Journal Article
Twentieth-Century Literature (2015) 61 (1): 32–62.
Published: 01 March 2015
... viral across the Internet.) As not only an African American but also a woman, Larsen seems to have been that much more susceptible to the charge. 12 Robert Levine’s analysis of “cultural revisioning” in the work of American authors offers a helpful framework for thinking about this project...