In 1998 the authors circulated a questionnaire asking transgender respondents their reactions to various and assorted terminology and usage, including information about what the respondents did and did not wish to be called (N = 134). The authors followed up with focus groups at two trans conferences and presented their results at the 2001 symposium of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association. In 2011, to see how language usage had evolved, the authors circulated a similar questionnaire (N = 2,633) and presented those results at the 2011 symposium of the World Professional Association for Transgender Health. These results are now presented in print.

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