Modern-day expressions of Islamophobia have deep roots in Christian history and have been remarkably consistent, in spite of various social, ideological, and structural permutations, even when our vocabulary of prejudice has undergone euphemistic modifications. While some work has been done on Luther’s writings about the Jews because of Hitler’s use of Martin Luther’s execrable texts, his writings on the Turks have been largely ignored. Luther’s sophistry against Islam is, in many respects, no different than some of our contemporary expressions, especially since September 11, 2001. Luther’s vicious tirade against Judaism was continuously used by the Church for its ever present reprehensible anti-Semitic practices and rhetoric, reaching its most evil, efficient, and devastating expression in the Shoah some 400 years later. This leads one to logically fear that the rhetoric of the crusades and Luther’s many writings against the Muslims (Turks), used incessantly against...

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