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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 463–509.
Published: 01 October 2019
...Jack C. Lyons The paper offers a solution to the generality problem for a reliabilist epistemology, by developing an “algorithm and parameters” scheme for type-individuating cognitive processes. Algorithms are detailed procedures for mapping inputs to outputs. Parameters are psychological variables...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (3): 365–380.
Published: 01 July 2010
...Joseph Levine Type-B materialists (to use David Chalmers's jargon) claim that though zombies are conceivable, they are not metaphysically possible. This article calls this position regarding the relation between metaphysical and epistemic modality “modal autonomism,” as opposed to the “modal...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 97–143.
Published: 01 January 2021
... as knowing because their use of a declarative in a context tokens the act-type of assertion and assertions represent knowledge in what's asserted. In this article, a semantic explanation is proposed according to which declaratives covertly host a know -parenthetical. A speaker is thereby represented...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (2): 179–207.
Published: 01 April 2012
... are determined to do. The conclusion of this much-discussed argument is that the freedom to do otherwise is incompatible with determinism. In order to break a stalemate between incompatibilists and compatibilists in the debate over (FP), this article presents a new Action-Type Argument for (FP). The aim...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (4): 579–627.
Published: 01 October 2023
... forms, occupying opposite poles on a spectrum of naturalness. Symbolic rules are composed entirely of primitive juxtapositions of sign types with contents, while iconic rules determine contents entirely by uniform natural relations with sign types. This distinction is marked explicitly in the formal...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (2): 155–204.
Published: 01 April 2016
... Descartes's two characterizations. It proposes that both characterizations invoke a type of independence that obtains just in case there is no relation to another entity that holds by the nature of the entity in question. Even though the ultimate subject of properties is sometimes not independent in other...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 387–422.
Published: 01 October 2019
... that, in each type of case, the would-be critics should not constrain their participation in moral discourse on the grounds that they are not themselves innocent of the wrongdoing they criticize in others. As I have noted, the injunction to ‘practice what you preach’ can be used either to discourage...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 211–249.
Published: 01 April 2020
..., the authors draw on an analogy with a similar distinction between types of reasons for actions in the context of activities. This motivates a two-level account of the structure of normativity. The account relies upon a further distinction between normative reasons and authoritatively normative reasons. Only...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (2): 189–214.
Published: 01 April 2013
... of action. It then goes on to develop a different compatibilist strategy, one according to which responsibility is grounded in difference making, but the type of difference making it is grounded in does not require access to alternative possibilities. Indeed, it is a form of difference making...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 49–75.
Published: 01 January 2008
... superior to inclusivism, but still deficient, I will present and defend a dualistic account of happiness in which two different types of happiness, one divine and one human, are present in Nicomachean Ethics . When Aristotle commends contemplation as a happiness that humans can attain, he is careful...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (1): 59–117.
Published: 01 January 2015
...Delia Graff Fara One reason to think that names have a predicate-type semantic value is that they naturally occur in count-noun positions: ‘The Michaels in my building both lost their keys’; ‘I know one incredibly sharp Cecil and one that's incredibly dull’. Predicativism is the view that names...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (3): 285–324.
Published: 01 July 2009
... and perception. It distinguishes nonperceptual sensing from perceptual representation and explicates perceptual representation as a type of objective sensory representation. Objectivity is marked by perceptual constancies. Representation is marked by a nontrivial role for veridicality conditions in explanations...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (4): 425–464.
Published: 01 October 2009
... is objectionable on independent theoretical grounds: it conflicts with physicalism and requires us to posit hidden facts about our persistence. This essay shows how to resolve this conflict using the idea that imagining from the first-person point of view is a guide to centered possibility , a type of possibility...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (1): 1–30.
Published: 01 January 2010
... by Ralph Wedgwood that this essay will call benchmark theory (BT) all advise agents to maximize different types of expected value. Consequently, their verdicts sometimes conflict. In certain famous cases of conflict—medical Newcomb problems—CDT and BT seem to get things right, while EDT seems to get things...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 497–529.
Published: 01 October 2010
... to transmit only because of premise circularity. Finally, it applies this account to the Neo-Moorean and Zebra Deductions and shows that, given the essay's permissive view, these deductions transmit in an intuitively acceptable way—at least if either a certain type of circularity is benign or a certain view...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (1): 111–115.
Published: 01 January 2022
... of social categories to solve recurring coordination problems. Cailin O’Connor illuminates this more complicated story using evolutionary game-theoretic modeling. This framework, she argues, shows how type-conditioning of behavior using categories such as gender can emerge spontaneously in response...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (2): 179–225.
Published: 01 April 2005
.... ____. 2005c . Type Shifting and the Philosophy of Arithmetic . Unpublished manuscript. ____. 2005d . Formal Tools and the Philosophy of Mathematics . Unpublished manuscript. ____. 2005e . Logicism without Logic . Unpublished manuscript. ____. 2006 . Inexpressible Properties and Propositions...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (2): 173–238.
Published: 01 April 2023
... and outputs the vacuous property is such that p . (There are variants of C , W , and K for other types as well.) 5. The rules of Abstraction and Application let you introduce λ s into terms and apply terms to one another, and are essential if we are to construct any interesting terms involving λ...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (4): 537–589.
Published: 01 October 2020
... that operators are among the fundamental. Sider (2011) similarly takes up the question of whether quantifiers are fundamental. In order to be impartial on these matters, we will not make any assumptions about which types the fundamental occupy. To be able to express suitably general claims, we also need...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (1): 152–155.
Published: 01 January 2002
... illocutionary act type. This potential is itself explained in terms of illocu- tionary rules (I-rules), normative rules governing the acceptable use of sentences. The account of sentence meaning is set out in part 2 of the book. Part 1 pro- vides the foundation for this account: Alston’s own analysis...