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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2019) 128 (1): 63–105.
Published: 01 January 2019
... the referent of the complement clause that p . On this view, we would expect the clausal complements of propositional attitude verbs to be freely intersubstitutable with their corresponding proposition descriptions—for example, the proposition that p —as they are in the case of believes . In many...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2013) 122 (4): 577–617.
Published: 01 October 2013
... taller than I would be’ or ‘if I am seven feet tall, I am taller than I am’. These examples exemplify the fact that whether a sentence's evaluation remains at the actual world in the scope of a modal or conditional depends on the combination of mood in the embedded and matrix clauses rather than, as is...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2002) 111 (3): 459–462.
Published: 01 July 2002
... quotation is tacit. Any belief report can be read transparently, with the complement clause expressing exactly the content it does when standing alone, but an opaque reading is warranted when the speaker is taken as saying something more. For example, an opaque reading of (3) Ralph believes that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2002) 111 (3): 341–371.
Published: 01 July 2002
... subsequent reference, let us call expressions like (1) propo- sition names (henceforth PNs); expressions like (2) proposition descrip- tions (henceforth PDs); and expressions like (3) ‘thatclauses (henceforth TCs). Further, when a PD and TC are related as (2) and (3) are (in that (2) is the result of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2017) 126 (3): 345–383.
Published: 01 July 2017
..., that-clauses denote not a set but a single proposition—not the right kind of entity to be quantified over. So this approach correctly predicts that gradability is not licensed into know-that ascriptions. Call it The Counting Approach . 13 The problem is that The Counting Approach fails to...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2016) 125 (1): 35–82.
Published: 01 January 2016
... terminology. I use ‘knowledge-wh reports’ to denote all knowledge reports where the complement clause is an embedded question. I also use ‘know-how reports’ to denote the knowledge reports with infinitival clausal complements that are typically employed in attributions of know-how. An example of a know-how...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2006) 115 (4): 415–448.
Published: 01 October 2006
... quantifi er-occurrence on α. That is, suppose we are considering a doubly embedding formula of the form rect discourse the words have their indirect designata [ungerade Bedeutungen], which coincide with what are customarily their senses. In this case then the clause has as its designatum a...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2007) 116 (2): 219–250.
Published: 01 April 2007
...[y]’ and ‘A[x]’ are to be replaced by clauses that differ only in that the former has free occurrences of ‘y’ just where the latter has free occur- rences of ‘x’. For instance, it is true of everything y that (either y is wise or y is not wise) if and only if y has the property of being either...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2018) 127 (3): 408–413.
Published: 01 July 2018
...? Is it that for any derived context, we can point to agents' mutual attitudes, say, mutually interpreting a constituent with respect to the common ground enriched with mutual suppositions, in a way that lets us understand local interpretation of embedded clauses continuously with the pragmatic...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2015) 124 (1): 59–117.
Published: 01 January 2015
... ‘ x called y supportive’ or that of ‘a saint’ in ‘Erica called Lorenzo a saint’. In ‘Erica called Lorenzo supportive’, ‘Lorenzo supportive’ is a small clause , a subject-predicate construction with no finite verb to connect the subject with the predicate. 13 In ‘Erica called Lorenzo a saint...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2015) 124 (2): 207–253.
Published: 01 April 2015
... modes of presentation as parts. The structure of the content of a mental state is typically partly reflected by the structure of the that -clause used to ascribe the state in natural language, with the constituents of the that -clause each generally corresponding to a mode of presentation (its sense...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2009) 118 (1): 29–57.
Published: 01 January 2009
...Trenton Merricks Suppose that time t is just a few moments from now. And suppose that the proposition that Jones sits at t was true a thousand years ago. Does the thousand-years-ago truth of that proposition imply that Jones's upcoming sitting at t will not be free? This article argues that it does...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2009) 118 (1): 87–102.
Published: 01 January 2009
... definition ofthe form “The relation X such that . . . ,” where the “such thatclause con- sists of the Ramsey sentence of the psychological theory supplemented with the clause “and X = R,” where R is the variable in the Ramsey sen- tence that replaced the name of the relation that figured in the theory...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2011) 120 (1): 1–41.
Published: 01 January 2011
... verbs all share the feature that their subject-places are semantically null and are filled either by a nonreferring ‘it’ or ‘there’, as in the examples above, or by a noun-phrase that “raises” from a lower clause in order to make the sentence grammatical.8 I’ll introduce a set of tests for raising...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2005) 114 (4): 497–534.
Published: 01 October 2005
... . Williams, Bernard. 1973 . Deciding to Believe. In Problems of the Self , 135 -51. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. The Philosophical Review, Vol. 114, No. 4 (October 2005) Doxastic Deliberation Nishi Shah and J. David Velleman Believing that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2007) 116 (3): 441–463.
Published: 01 July 2007
... something e is like [Lormand’s (14 (where e is a mental event), begins with a case for its equivalence to (2): (2) e is like something for its subject [Lormand’s (4 I will grant this equivalence. Lormand argues—to my mind, convinc- ingly 5—that (2) has the structure of a clause (3) in the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2003) 112 (4): 525–560.
Published: 01 October 2003
..., then your maxim fails the contradic- tion in conception test.5 Each of the elements of a maxim plays a role in the New Kan- tian reconstruction of the CI-procedure. C and A are the clauses of the rule that is always acted on in the perturbed social world. By...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2012) 121 (3): 359–406.
Published: 01 July 2012
... world, location, and time of utterance, despite the presence of expressions (call them ‘oper- ators’) that normally shift the world, location, and time at which a clause is evaluated. The phenomenon displayed by (2) lends support to a simple and elegant theory. Indexicals are directly...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2000) 109 (3): 349–371.
Published: 01 July 2000
.... Moreover, the case is not of the sort covered by the ceteris paribus clause; as noted above, I have no belief that I have reason to think defective. If the example involved the supposition that I know that a cer- tain one of my beliefs is contradicted by the other agent’s belief, it would fail...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2000) 109 (4): 545–581.
Published: 01 October 2000
.... Rousseau’s general will, I shall argue, is the totality of unrescinded decisions made by a community-that is, of an association of individuals contractually constituted as a “moral and collective body”-when its deliberation is subject to certain constraints.’ The interpretation of Rousseau...