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statistic

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 185–189.
Published: 01 January 2021
...Conor Mayo-Wilson Deborah Mayo , Statistical Inference as Severe Testing: How to Get beyond the Statistics Wars . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2018 . xv + 471 pp . © 2021 by Cornell University 2021 For more than three decades, Deborah Mayo has defended severe...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (3): 438–441.
Published: 01 July 2004
... the 1930s, R. A. Fisher and Harold Jef- fries squabbled over the methodology for the nascent discipline of statistics. Their debate has come to symbolize the controversy between the “frequentist” and “Bayesian” schools of statistical thought. Though much has been written about the Fisher/Jeffreys...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (1): 73–114.
Published: 01 January 2018
... ¬ E . 11. Again, I stress that these theories of knowledge are applicable only in certain domains, as there are cases of scientific knowledge in which no statistical reasoning is used. 12. For the rest of the paper, I use the capital letters E , F , and G to denote...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 422–426.
Published: 01 July 2018
... hypothesis, or any restriction on the space of plausible hypotheses, count as an explanation? If that is the intended view, it appears to blur (or erase) the distinction between evidence and justification, on the one hand, and explanation, on the other. Lange toys with the idea that really statistical...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 112–115.
Published: 01 January 2000
... truth. The particular success that Trout emphasizes for the social sciences is the effective use of statistical testing. Social scientists apply diverse statistical measurement tools to social reality; they are able to refine and improve those measurements over time. The best explanation for...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (3): 373–408.
Published: 01 July 2000
... lack rational belief in lottery-type cases. In other words, it is not clear how it would fit with a solution to the rationality version of the paradox. 5. The Statistical Support Accounts So far we have seen two attempts to explain Jim's lack of knowledge in the lottery situation. The...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 547–551.
Published: 01 October 2017
... introduced to some of the recent work on the philosophy of statistics, especially as it is used in discussions of what constitutes good scientific reasoning. Ockham's razor is usually interpreted to advise something like “all else being equal, the simpler explanation is to be preferred.” But what exactly...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 371–398.
Published: 01 July 2018
... significance of (statistical) normality and (prescriptive) norms in causal reasoning ( Knobe and Fraser 2008 ; Hitchcock and Knobe 2009 ; Halpern and Hitchcock 2015 ; Kominsky et al. 2015 ; Icard, Kominsky, and Knobe 2017 ). Fifth, this research has implications for probabilistic explications of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 109–112.
Published: 01 January 2000
... we can only explain the success of the sciences by postulating their approximate truth. The particular success that Trout emphasizes for the social sciences is the effective use of statistical testing. Social scientists apply diverse statistical measurement tools to social reality; they are...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (1): 108–110.
Published: 01 January 2001
...: EMOTION, ADDICTION AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR. By JON ELSTER.Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999. Pp. xii, 252. The Diagnostic Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association defines substance dependence, more commonly known as “drug addiction,” as “a cluster of cognitive, behavioral, and...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 509–587.
Published: 01 October 2016
..., then your evidence explains their accuracy to the greatest degree possible. The hope now is to find some way of sifting credal states that satisfy this ability condition from ones that do not. My plan is to identify a particular “summary statistic” that tracks the amount of cognitive ability that a...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (2): 277–281.
Published: 01 April 2000
... Inductive Logic, ed. J. Hintikka and P. Suppes. Amsterdam: North Holland. ____. 1975 . The Logic of Conditionals. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. Bacchus, F., A. J. Grove, J. Y Halpern, and D. Koller. 1996 . “From Statistical Knowledge Bases to Degrees of Belief.” Artificial Intelligence 87 : 75 -143...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (1): 163–167.
Published: 01 January 2015
... a small statistical impact on discriminatory abilities. So if we want to explain every aspect of a subject's discriminatory capacities, we'll need to look at the brain at a very fine-grained level. But if only less fine-grained statistical features of their discriminatory behavior are relevant...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (2): 296–300.
Published: 01 April 2001
... University Press. Nozick, Robert, 1969 . “Newcomb's Problem and Two Principles of Choice.” In Essays in Honor of Carl G. Hempel, ed. Nicholas Rescher et. al, 114 -46. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. Savage, Leonard, 1972 . The Foundations of Statistics, 2d ed. New York: Dover. (First edition, 1954...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (3): 395–404.
Published: 01 July 2003
... obstacle both to knowing and to rationally believing that one’s ticket will lose is that a belief to that effect could be based only on what she calls a P-inference, that is, an inference of the form p has a statistical probability of n → p, where n is close to 1 (2000, 388). By themselves, such...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 1–47.
Published: 01 January 2008
..., then this suggests that our goal of understanding the quirky behavior of generics might be furthered by looking carefully into some of the rele- vant psychological literature. If the relation between objective statistical frequencies and the truth-values of generics is in some way mediated by...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 463–509.
Published: 01 October 2019
... purge these irrelevant factors like age and date that Beebe supplements the algorithmic typing. What he supplements it with are “statistically relevant factors”: two process tokens are of the same type, for Beebe, only if they use the same algorithm and are alike with respect to every factor that alters...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (2): 300–303.
Published: 01 April 2001
... Essays in Honor of Curl G. Hempel, ed. Nicholas Rescher et. al, 114-46. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. Savage, Leonard, 1972. The Foundations of Statistics, 2d ed. New York: Dover. (First edition, 1954.) The Philosophical Review, Vol. 110, No. 2 (April 2001) THE MYSTERIOUS FIMvfE...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (1): 130–132.
Published: 01 January 2002
...- ture from normal species functioning” (72). Among the problems with this definition include those arising from the use of the concepts “adverse” (adverse for whom?) and “normal” (statistically normal? accepted as typical by the man on the street See Chris- topher Boorse, “On the Distinction between...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (3): 307–339.
Published: 01 July 2016