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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (2): 314–316.
Published: 01 April 2008
...Zsófia Zvolenszky Paul D. Elbourne, Situations and Individuals . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005. 248 pp. Cornell University 2008 BOOK REVIEWS Paul D. Elbourne, Situations and Individuals. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005. 248 pp. ‘The inventor of the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (1): 1–30.
Published: 01 January 2010
..., decision-theoretic paradoxes show that no decision rule can do everything we want. Luckily, the so-called “tickle defense” establishes that EDT, CDT, and BT will do everything we want in a wide range of situations. Most decision situations, this essay argues, are analogues of voting situations in which the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... respect to objective causation. The essay begins with Newcomb problems, which turn on an apparent tension between two principles of choice: roughly, a principle sensitive to the causal features of the relevant situation, and a principle sensitive only to evidential factors. Two-boxers give priority to...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 393–406.
Published: 01 July 2015
...Catrin Campbell-Moore In Michael Caie's article “Rational Probabilistic Incoherence,” Caie argues that in light of certain situations involving self-reference, it is sometimes rational to have probabilistically incoherent credences. This essay further considers his arguments. It shows that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 451–472.
Published: 01 October 2016
...Caspar Hare Some moral theories (for example, standard, “ex post” forms of egalitarianism, prioritarianism, and constraint-based deontology) tell you, in some situations in which you are interacting with a group of people, to avoid acting in the way that is expectedly best for everybody. This essay...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (2): 191–217.
Published: 01 April 2017
... knowledge about oneself or indexical knowledge. So in order to envisage the gods' epistemic situation coherently, we need to assume that they lack those introspective abilities. But once we recognize that, it turns out that positing a special kind of information is a gratuitous addition. The two gods...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (1): 1–61.
Published: 01 January 2019
... and not p⌝ and ⌜Not p and might p⌝ are inconsistent? To make sense of this situation, I propose a new theory of epistemic modals that aims to account for their subtle embedding behavior and shed new light on the dynamics of information in natural language. © 2019 by Cornell University 2019...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 555–606.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Michael G. Titelbaum Can self-locating beliefs be relevant to non-self-locating claims? Traditional Bayesian modeling techniques have trouble answering this question because their updating rule fails when applied to situations involving contextsensitivity. This essay develops a fully general...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (2): 284–288.
Published: 01 April 2004
... which people possess “robust” character traits (which help their possessors withstand situational pressures) and thus typically behave consistently across situations, and (ii) situationism, according to which people lack robust charac- ter traits and thus typically behave inconsistently across...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (2): 288–292.
Published: 01 April 2004
... about the replicability of Isen and Levin’s result. 3 At least this is so if the counterfactual behavior occurs in situations similar to those that people actually experience; but if the evidence for D1 supports the existence of actu- ally experienced situations strongly conducive to...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (2): 251–266.
Published: 01 April 2007
... content. We describe a possible world by referring to things, kinds, events, properties, and relations that we fi nd in the actual world and then stipulating that the possible situation we intend to describe shall contain them. There is no better way to do it. To the extent that we are ignorant or...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (1): 118–120.
Published: 01 January 2003
...; we humans are deeply social and yet think in largely individual terms. We thus have to solve two problems: how to act cooperatively given a characterization of our situation and how to reason cooperatively or collectively, to get a better characterization of the situation. The enormous virtue of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 473–507.
Published: 01 October 2016
... direction—but what you want help doing is, by his lights, impermissible—and so, morality seems to pull him in another. As he sees the situation, there is a tension between the demands of friendship and those of morality. But, if his disagreement with you meets the two conditions to be described, the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (2): 267–270.
Published: 01 April 2000
... either the agent’s failure to recognize that there was reason to do otherwise (a failure of moderate receptivity or a failure to choose and act for that reason in at least one such situation (a failure of weak reactivity) ? If so, the mechanism is not reasons-responsive and the agent is not...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 135–139.
Published: 01 January 2020
...-relative wrongful the higher the epistemic probability, when she acted, that B was not liable to be killed. (77) To support this idea, Lazar appeals to contrasting two-agent cases, in which innocent victims are harmed by rights violators in different epistemic situations. Though these cases provide some...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (3): 422–426.
Published: 01 July 2004
... essay, “Beauvoir’s Place in Philosophical Thought,” by Barbara S. Andrew organizes and states Beauvoir’s major philosophical ideas with jar- gon-free accuracy. Andrew provides clear explanations of key terms, including existentialism, phenomenology, freedom, ambiguity, situation, bad faith, reci...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (3): 375–378.
Published: 01 July 2019
... might nonetheless be specific circumstances in which respecting collective rights would work against political stability. That situation might arise in certain particularly sensitive arenas of political conflict, or it might arise in specific circumstances where a people are pursuing secessionist...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (3): 395–404.
Published: 01 July 2003
... that in addition gives the intu- itively desirable answers in certain non-lottery situations and therefore explains “in an independently plausible way” (2000, 389) why one can- not know or rationally believe that one’s ticket will lose. Nelkin’s solution is pointed. According to her, the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (3): 301–343.
Published: 01 July 2017
... completely convinced that (29) is actually true in this situation. (29)  If Larry tried to take the candy, he would. After all, Larry has a phobia! See Albritton 1985 for attempts to dismiss cases like this along these lines. But we are happy to grant the judgment that (29) is true. If this is right...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 519–523.
Published: 01 October 2019
... mask the urgency of the underlying situation. Agitation against cow slaughter gained force in colonial India as part of the assertion of upper-caste Hindu dominance over particular beef-eating communities, Muslims and Dalits. In recent years, this movement has taken on terrifying dimensions, involving...