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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 97–143.
Published: 01 January 2021
... component of our linguistic practice. 2. Knowledge Representation Let s state KRE precisely: KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION EFFECT (KRE) For a speakerS and unqualified declarative d expressing a proposition p in a context c, S s use of d in c represents S as knowing p in c. Represents in KRE is a placeholder...
Image
Published: 01 July 2018
Figure 5   A DAG representing a common cause structure Figure 5 . A DAG representing a common cause structure More
Image
Published: 01 July 2018
Figure 3   A DAG representing causation along a single path Figure 3 . A DAG representing causation along a single path More
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 1–41.
Published: 01 January 2014
... mistake, which this essay calls the “numerical fallacy,” is to assume that a distinction that isn't represented by different numbers isn't represented at all in a mathematical representation. In this case, the essay claims that although the real numbers do not make all relevant distinctions, the full...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (3): 351–374.
Published: 01 July 2009
...James Wilberding In the Republic Plato presents a hierarchy of five cities, each representing a structural arrangement of the soul. The timocratic soul, characterized by its governance by spirit and its consequent desire for esteem and aversion to shame, is ranked as the second-best kind of soul...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (3): 285–324.
Published: 01 July 2009
... cannot empirically represent a physical subject matter as having specific physical characteristics unless the individual can represent some constitutive conditions under which such representation is possible. The version of this view that dominated the century's second half maintained that objective...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 527–575.
Published: 01 October 2013
...Michael Caie Probabilism is the view that a rational agent's credences should always be probabilistically coherent. It has been argued that Probabilism follows, given the assumption that an epistemically rational agent ought to try to have credences that represent the world as accurately as...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 539–571.
Published: 01 October 2012
... would be true under the supposition that it represents. The probabilities of truth for conditionals will then depend on the joint probabilities of the facts and counterfacts, the latter in turn depending on the mode of supposition. The implication of this treatment is that the probabilities of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (2): 215–287.
Published: 01 April 2013
...Gabriel Greenberg What is it for a picture to depict a scene? The most orthodox philosophical theory of pictorial representation holds that depiction is grounded in resemblance. A picture represents a scene in virtue of being similar to that scene in certain ways. This essay presents evidence...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 421–479.
Published: 01 October 2017
...Franz Dietrich; Christian List This essay presents a new “reason-based” approach to the formal representation of moral theories, drawing on recent decision-theoretic work. It shows that any moral theory within a very large class can be represented in terms of two parameters: (i) a specification of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (1): 83–134.
Published: 01 January 2016
...Andreas Stokke This essay argues that the distinction between lying and misleading while not lying is sensitive to discourse structure. It shows that whether an utterance is a lie or is merely misleading sometimes depends on the topic of conversation, represented by so-called questions under...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (2): 179–217.
Published: 01 April 2019
...) introduces this account. Harman n.d. provides a convincing argument that self-representing representations are theoretically useful and need not lead to paradox. The present article is greatly indebted to that unpublished manuscript. In the case I've just described, So-Hyun has two reasons to believe...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (4): 475–513.
Published: 01 October 2011
... that an experience with a given phenomenal character represents the same affordance (or set of affordances) in all possible worlds and for all subjects, which allows, though admittedly does not require, the reduction of phenomenal char- acter to representational content. An experience can also be...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 525–554.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Samuel Cumming Variabilism is the view that proper names (like pronouns) are semantically represented as variables. Referential names, like referential pronouns, are assigned their referents by a contextual variable assignment (Kaplan 1989). The reference parameter (like the world of evaluation...
Image
Published: 01 July 2018
Figure 1   Two DAGs with and without an intervention on the cause C . The arrows leading into C (dotted) are disrupted by the intervention, the intervention itself is represented by a dashed arrow. Figure 1 . Two DAGs with and without an intervention on the cause C. The arrows leading into C More
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 555–606.
Published: 01 October 2008
... modeling is to represent an agent’s degrees of belief with the values of a real-valued function called a “cre- dence function.” For a story in which the agent’s degrees of belief evolve over time, we will need separate credence functions for each time of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (1): 132–136.
Published: 01 January 2017
... features of Hanks's approach that forge interesting connections with other questions about mind and language. Hanks's residual Platonism makes his view inconsistent. Start from the claim that it's our token acts of predication that represent 1 and ground propositions and their representation 2 . Now...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 180–185.
Published: 01 January 2021
... previous naturalizing efforts, which all too often read like exercises in make-believe. Shea calls his approach varitel semantics . The basic idea is that representation arises from “exploitable relations” between the representing system and the represented domain. A paradigmatic exploitable relation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (3): 355–388.
Published: 01 July 2006
... . “Transparent Experience and the Availability of Qualia.” In New Philosophical Perspectives , ed. Q. Smith and A. Jokic, 77 -96. New York: Oxford University Press. McDowell, J. 1993 . “De Re Senses.” In Reality, Representation, and Projection , ed. J. Haldane and C. Wright, 98 -109. New York: Oxford...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (3): 378–385.
Published: 01 July 2019
... discussion of the processing involved in toad prey-capture, arguing that when toads snap at their prey, the relevant visual representations represent something small, dark, and moving . To argue for this claim, Neander considers the contents it makes sense to posit from the perspective of an information...