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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 97–143.
Published: 01 January 2021
... in order to explain any significant component of our linguistic practice. 2. Knowledge Representation Let s state KRE precisely: KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION EFFECT (KRE) For a speakerS and unqualified declarative d expressing a proposition p in a context c, S s use of d in c represents S as knowing p in c...
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Published: 01 July 2018
Figure 5   A DAG representing a common cause structure More
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Published: 01 July 2018
Figure 3   A DAG representing causation along a single path More
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Published: 01 July 2023
Figure 1. (Color online.) Standard Bayesian model of a Headser’s rational opinions. Left: Generalized-Kripke (Markov) diagram, in which blue numbers within circles represent the prior probabilities of possibilities, and labeled red arrows from circles represent the posterior probabilities More
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 1–41.
Published: 01 January 2014
... mistake, which this essay calls the “numerical fallacy,” is to assume that a distinction that isn't represented by different numbers isn't represented at all in a mathematical representation. In this case, the essay claims that although the real numbers do not make all relevant distinctions, the full...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (3): 351–374.
Published: 01 July 2009
...James Wilberding In the Republic Plato presents a hierarchy of five cities, each representing a structural arrangement of the soul. The timocratic soul, characterized by its governance by spirit and its consequent desire for esteem and aversion to shame, is ranked as the second-best kind of soul...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (3): 285–324.
Published: 01 July 2009
... cannot empirically represent a physical subject matter as having specific physical characteristics unless the individual can represent some constitutive conditions under which such representation is possible. The version of this view that dominated the century's second half maintained that objective...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 527–575.
Published: 01 October 2013
...Michael Caie Probabilism is the view that a rational agent's credences should always be probabilistically coherent. It has been argued that Probabilism follows, given the assumption that an epistemically rational agent ought to try to have credences that represent the world as accurately...
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Published: 01 July 2018
Figure 1   Two DAGs with and without an intervention on the cause C . The arrows leading into C (dotted) are disrupted by the intervention, the intervention itself is represented by a dashed arrow. More
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Published: 01 July 2023
Figure 4. Means of participants’ average confidence in Heads 1 ,… Heads 4 as they saw more tasks, in ambiguous (left) and unambiguous (right) conditions. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals. More
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 421–479.
Published: 01 October 2017
...Franz Dietrich; Christian List This essay presents a new “reason-based” approach to the formal representation of moral theories, drawing on recent decision-theoretic work. It shows that any moral theory within a very large class can be represented in terms of two parameters: (i) a specification...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (2): 179–217.
Published: 01 April 2019
... involves the agent's representing R as justifying C, (R2) justifying basing consists in the adroitness of this representation. This view ran into the challenge of explaining cases in which one has such a representation, but still fails to base C on R. The only way for the representationalist to meet...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (4): 475–513.
Published: 01 October 2011
... represents the same affordance (or set of affordances) in all possible worlds and for all subjects, which allows, though admittedly does not require, the reduction of phenomenal char- acter to representational content. An experience can also be said to rep- resent ordinary properties, however...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 539–571.
Published: 01 October 2012
... under the supposition that it represents. The probabilities of truth for conditionals will then depend on the joint probabilities of the facts and counterfacts, the latter in turn depending on the mode of supposition. The implication of this treatment is that the probabilities of conditionals...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (2): 215–287.
Published: 01 April 2013
...Gabriel Greenberg What is it for a picture to depict a scene? The most orthodox philosophical theory of pictorial representation holds that depiction is grounded in resemblance. A picture represents a scene in virtue of being similar to that scene in certain ways. This essay presents evidence...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 525–554.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Samuel Cumming Variabilism is the view that proper names (like pronouns) are semantically represented as variables. Referential names, like referential pronouns, are assigned their referents by a contextual variable assignment (Kaplan 1989). The reference parameter (like the world of evaluation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (1): 83–134.
Published: 01 January 2016
...Andreas Stokke This essay argues that the distinction between lying and misleading while not lying is sensitive to discourse structure. It shows that whether an utterance is a lie or is merely misleading sometimes depends on the topic of conversation, represented by so-called questions under...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (2): 263–298.
Published: 01 May 2021
... as an “ordering of the qualities presented by a sensory modality in which relative similarities among those qualities are represented by their relative distances.” To disambiguate, I will always use ‘quality-space’ to mean the domain of qualities and ‘quality-space model’ to mean the formal representation...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 555–606.
Published: 01 October 2008
... appear in our stories as certainties.3 The core idea of Bayesian modeling is to represent an agent’s degrees of belief with the values of a real-valued function called a “cre- dence function.” For a story in which the agent’s degrees of belief evolve...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (1): 132–136.
Published: 01 January 2017
... judgments * represent and are true or false in the primary sense (let's mark this with representation 1 , true 1 , and so on). When we predicate the property of being electable of Sanders we and our judgment * represent him truly 1 when he is electable, falsely 1 when he's not. Propositions...