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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 97–143.
Published: 01 January 2021
... KRE precisely: KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION EFFECT (KRE) For a speakerS and unqualified declarative d expressing a proposition p in a context c, S s use of d in c represents S as knowing p in c. Represents in KRE is a placeholder term. Words like expresses, indicates, or conveys work just as well...
Image
Published: 01 July 2018
Figure 5   A DAG representing a common cause structure More
Image
Published: 01 July 2018
Figure 3   A DAG representing causation along a single path More
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 1–41.
Published: 01 January 2014
... mistake, which this essay calls the “numerical fallacy,” is to assume that a distinction that isn't represented by different numbers isn't represented at all in a mathematical representation. In this case, the essay claims that although the real numbers do not make all relevant distinctions, the full...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (3): 351–374.
Published: 01 July 2009
...James Wilberding In the Republic Plato presents a hierarchy of five cities, each representing a structural arrangement of the soul. The timocratic soul, characterized by its governance by spirit and its consequent desire for esteem and aversion to shame, is ranked as the second-best kind of soul...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (3): 285–324.
Published: 01 July 2009
... cannot empirically represent a physical subject matter as having specific physical characteristics unless the individual can represent some constitutive conditions under which such representation is possible. The version of this view that dominated the century's second half maintained that objective...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 527–575.
Published: 01 October 2013
...Michael Caie Probabilism is the view that a rational agent's credences should always be probabilistically coherent. It has been argued that Probabilism follows, given the assumption that an epistemically rational agent ought to try to have credences that represent the world as accurately...
FIGURES
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Published: 01 July 2018
Figure 1   Two DAGs with and without an intervention on the cause C . The arrows leading into C (dotted) are disrupted by the intervention, the intervention itself is represented by a dashed arrow. More
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (4): 475–513.
Published: 01 October 2011
... that an experience with a given phenomenal character represents the same affordance (or set of affordances) in all possible worlds and for all subjects, which allows, though admittedly does not require, the reduction of phenomenal char- acter to representational content. An experience can also be said to rep...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 539–571.
Published: 01 October 2012
... under the supposition that it represents. The probabilities of truth for conditionals will then depend on the joint probabilities of the facts and counterfacts, the latter in turn depending on the mode of supposition. The implication of this treatment is that the probabilities of conditionals...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (2): 215–287.
Published: 01 April 2013
...Gabriel Greenberg What is it for a picture to depict a scene? The most orthodox philosophical theory of pictorial representation holds that depiction is grounded in resemblance. A picture represents a scene in virtue of being similar to that scene in certain ways. This essay presents evidence...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 421–479.
Published: 01 October 2017
...Franz Dietrich; Christian List This essay presents a new “reason-based” approach to the formal representation of moral theories, drawing on recent decision-theoretic work. It shows that any moral theory within a very large class can be represented in terms of two parameters: (i) a specification...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (1): 83–134.
Published: 01 January 2016
...Andreas Stokke This essay argues that the distinction between lying and misleading while not lying is sensitive to discourse structure. It shows that whether an utterance is a lie or is merely misleading sometimes depends on the topic of conversation, represented by so-called questions under...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (2): 179–217.
Published: 01 April 2019
...-involving representation of the exercise of a disposition. 29 Because the representation is object-involving, it cannot exist without the disposition-exercise that it represents. And the disposition that basing involves has the following property: an event is an exercise of that particular disposition...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (2): 263–298.
Published: 01 May 2021
... qualities are represented by their relative distances.” To disambiguate, I will always use ‘quality-space’ to mean the domain of qualities and ‘quality-space model’ to mean the formal representation of those qualities.  4. Quality-space models often aim to also capture magnitude relations...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 525–554.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Samuel Cumming Variabilism is the view that proper names (like pronouns) are semantically represented as variables. Referential names, like referential pronouns, are assigned their referents by a contextual variable assignment (Kaplan 1989). The reference parameter (like the world of evaluation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 555–606.
Published: 01 October 2008
... appear in our stories as certainties.3 The core idea of Bayesian modeling is to represent an agent’s degrees of belief with the values of a real-valued function called a “cre- dence function.” For a story in which the agent’s degrees of belief evolve...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (1): 132–136.
Published: 01 January 2017
... that there couldn't have been propositions before there were acts of predication. Hanks's residual Platonism makes his view inconsistent. Start from the claim that it's our token acts of predication that represent 1 and ground propositions and their representation 2 . Now, consider a world where there have never...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (3): 355–388.
Published: 01 July 2006
... (or as having some property closely associated with redness), with- out specifying how things are represented when they are represented as being red, as opposed to blue. We have some pretheoretical under- standing of which experiences would involve such representations: they are experiences of seeing ripe...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (1): 31–75.
Published: 01 January 2001
... that there is a mouse in my kitchen, for example, represents to my mind a mouse in my kitchen, but adds to that representation an “additional form” (AT 7:37), name- ly, the feeling of fear, which seems not to represent anything.15Finally, Descartes allows for feelings that have nothing in particular serving...