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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 371–374.
Published: 01 July 2014
..., specifically as regards the semantics-pragmatics interface for singular terms. Its main idea is that in order to account for the role of linguistic meaning in communication, we will need reflexive semantic contents beside the ordinary, referential ones. The reflexive contents derive from the reflexive...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (1): 27–56.
Published: 01 January 2003
... of ∞ reflexivity under addition. When the utility of salvation is reflexive under addition, one cannot increase it by adding something to it. We can see why Pascal would regard the utility of salvation to be reflexive under addition: as I noted in section 2, he thought of salvation as the best possible thing...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (3): 365–369.
Published: 01 July 2022
.... 1). Kraus first introduces what she calls Kant’s “basic model of representation.” “Representation” is a relational term, relating a subject and an object of representation. Kraus calls “reflexivity” the relation of a representation to its subject and “referentiality” its relation to its object...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (4): 507–510.
Published: 01 October 2022
... for failures to do so. These inner resources include not just the sources of the intellectual understanding within soul noted above, but also our rational capacities to access those sources of understanding. On this account, our souls’ self-improvement is self-reflexive in the sense that one part of our soul...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (1): 115–117.
Published: 01 January 2005
... to certain objects without holding that the knower is numerically identical to the object known. The other route to the identity thesis is via what Gerson calls the “self-reflex- ivity” of knowledge. Self-reflexivity is captured by a biconditional: a person knows if and only if he is aware of his...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (1): 134–138.
Published: 01 January 2019
... have said to figure out just what this claim amounts to. In particular, he recognizes that there is something deeply puzzling about the fact that simple unreflective consciousness, which seems to be “flat” and involving nothing but its content, is in some sense reflexive. In the end, though, Strawson...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 323–369.
Published: 01 July 2018
... relation. That means it is reflexive, symmetric, and transitive. Yet the relation in the antecedents of counteridenticals does not seem to be an equivalence relation. For one thing, the order of the terms seems to matter (see Reboul 1996, 172 ). For example, the following do not seem equivalent: ( Bet...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 421–479.
Published: 01 October 2017
... is ranked weakly above y ,” according to ≽. 13 When there exists such a relation, we say that the rightness function is representable by a binary relation . Although this definition does not require ≽ to be transitive and reflexive, the case in which it has these properties is the most important one...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (1): 130–140.
Published: 01 January 2018
... attention” (ix). After detailing what it consists of for art to be attended to in this way, Wolterstorff attends to it thusly (chapters 10–18) in a series of sociophilosophical vignettes that touch on memorial art, art for religious devotion, art for social protest, work songs, and art-reflexive art. 1...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 598–602.
Published: 01 October 2002
...) and (7), could come apart, and explaining why he might think and act differently after learning (7) (the subject matter content of which he already knew), thus requires taking (5) and (7) to have reflexive content, which represents the perspectival way a person can think about themself. This content...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (2): 287–289.
Published: 01 April 2016
... at one point that “disgust may not be an emotion at all, but a sensory reflex” (41) without explaining how, say, disgust at a glass of water that one knows had a bug in it five minutes ago could be a sensory reflex. The philosophy is not handled particularly well either. Harry Frankfurt's theory...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (3): 303–357.
Published: 01 July 2004
... to questions about the stimuli. When asked to reach for objects in blindsight regions, also, some subjects reflexively pre-orient their hand and fingers in ways 327 ERIC LORMAND suited to the specific shapes of the objects. Since most philosophers...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (4): 533–581.
Published: 01 October 2021
... position: there is a one-inference explanatory story in which ‘ ( ∃ S ) S ’ is derived from itself using Since instances of SentQ Introduction , like instances of Existential Introduction , seem explanatory, we again appear to be under pressure to accept a reflexive instance of partial...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2024) 133 (2): 151–191.
Published: 01 April 2024
... is that they are possible targets for control in contrast with certain reflex responses—for example, the pupillary light reflex. 14 (B) While the initiation of elements of type (A) is nonvoluntary, whether, when, or how the corresponding response is manifested is within the scope of one’s control, to varying...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (2): 183–223.
Published: 01 April 2009
... that confront resemblance accounts and how rival resemblance accounts attempt to address them. 2. The Difficulties for Resemblance Accounts Three difficulties for resemblance accounts appear to be relatively easily overcome. First, as Goodman (1976, 4) noted, resemblance is a reflex- ive...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (2): 241–261.
Published: 01 April 2001
... to inter- relations between transitivity, reflexivity, and symmetry, and (4) is valid due to interrelations between cardinalities. Properties (functions) such as intersection, inclusion, non-empti- ness, universality (in a given domain), and so forth I call formal proper- ties...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (2): 173–238.
Published: 01 April 2023
... . X z y , W = λ X λ y . X y y , and K = λ p λ y . p , where X : e → e → t , p : t , y , z : e . Informally, C takes a relation and outputs its converse, W takes a relation and outputs its reflexization, and K takes a proposition...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (2): 305–308.
Published: 01 April 2023
..., from which it emerges that ressentiment need not be construed primarily as a ‘social sentiment’ directed at other agents. It is more concerned with an agent’s own sense of self, can be directed at the world more generally, and can reflexively light on oneself as the object of blame, as in Nietzsche’s...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 459–462.
Published: 01 July 2002
... by recourse to that way. Opacity is explained in the same way as before. Recanati does not take up the troublesome case of quasi-indicators illus- trated by ‘she’ in (8), or by the reflexive in (15) John believes that he himself is courageous. 461...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (3): 375–377.
Published: 01 July 2009
... in his book’s last chapter (not previously published) entitled “Seneca and Self-Assertion.” In his essay on the will he had been ready to credit Seneca with a strong interest in reflexivity and “explicitly reflexive language” (146). In this new essay he declares his preferred stance...