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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (1): 41–71.
Published: 01 January 2018
... interpretation, and first-order normative assumptions. This story is distinguished from extant “reference magnetic” explanations of the phenomenon, and objections and replies are considered. © 2018 by Cornell University 2018 naturalness metaethics metasemantics radical interpretation Some say...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (3): 359–406.
Published: 01 July 2012
...Paolo Santorio According to the orthodox account developed by Kaplan, indexicals like I, you , and now invariably refer to elements of the context of speech. This essay argues that the orthodoxy is wrong. I, you , and the like are shifted by certain modal operators and hence can fail to refer...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 99–117.
Published: 01 January 2008
... skis off' are complex demonstratives. There are also plural complex demonstratives such as `these skis' and `those snowboarders smoking by the gondola'. My book Complex Demonstratives: A Quantificational Account argues against what I call the direct reference account of complex demonstratives...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (3): 406–409.
Published: 01 July 2009
...Peter Lamarque A. P. Martinich and Avrum Stroll, Much Ado about Nonexistence: Fiction and Reference . Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2007. viii + 147 pp. Cornell University 2009 BOOK REVIEWS Christopher Shields, Aristotle. London: Routledge, 2007. xvi...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (3): 427–431.
Published: 01 July 2004
...Susanna Siegel John Campbell, Reference and Consciousness. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Pp. vii, 267. Cornell University 2004 BOOK REVIEWS The Philosophical Review, Vol. 113, No. 3 (July 2004) John Campbell, Reference...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (3): 432–434.
Published: 01 July 2004
...Stefano Predelli Alan Berger, Terms and Truth, Reference Direct and Anaphoric. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002. Pp. xvii, 234. Cornell University 2004 BOOK REVIEWS The Philosophical Review, Vol. 113, No. 3 (July 2004) Alan Berger, Terms and Truth...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (1): 43–79.
Published: 01 January 2017
...David E. Taylor This essay argues that deflationism (about truth and reference) is incompatible with the phenomenon of referential indeterminacy (RI). This puts the deflationist in the difficult position of having to deny the possibility of what otherwise seems like a manifest and theoretically...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (2): 219–240.
Published: 01 April 2017
... the Syntactic Rationale and presents serious auxiliary problems for predicativism. © 2017 by Cornell University 2017 predicativism referentialism reference proper names count nouns Predicativism is the thesis that names are count nouns having a predicate-type semantic value in all...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 525–554.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Samuel Cumming Variabilism is the view that proper names (like pronouns) are semantically represented as variables. Referential names, like referential pronouns, are assigned their referents by a contextual variable assignment (Kaplan 1989). The reference parameter (like the world of evaluation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (2): 151–205.
Published: 01 April 2011
... that Russell's solution requires him to adopt certain substantive views about the nature of the referents of what are usually called “logically proper names.” In particular, Russell's solution will work only if the referents of such names are given to one who understands them in a manner that is entirely “aspect...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (4): 481–532.
Published: 01 October 2015
... nonparadoxical self-reference to prove conclusively that even immediate full grounding isn't an internal relation in this sense. The positive, second part of this essay uses the notion of a “completely satisfactory explanation” to shed light on the logic of ground in the presence of self-reference. This allows...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (1): 63–105.
Published: 01 January 2019
... is the referent of the complement clause that p . On this view, we would expect the clausal complements of propositional attitude verbs to be freely intersubstitutable with their corresponding proposition descriptions—for example, the proposition that p —as they are in the case of believes . In many cases...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 433–463.
Published: 01 July 2020
... out to solve the description problem and arrives at a radical conclusion. In a variety of cases, we should describe the goal of killing in broad terms, without reference to a specific victim or a specific threat. These broad descriptions—such as “saving a life”—make it easier to find relevant...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 573–609.
Published: 01 October 2012
... friendly versions of (i) and (ii) by replacing the appeal to possible worlds with reference to the newly introduced entities. This maneuver invites an obvious reply, however. If the new entities are the things that play the role we typically associate with worlds, as partially described by (i) and (ii...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (1): 59–117.
Published: 01 January 2015
... uniformly occur as predicates. Predicativism flies in the face of the widely accepted view that names in argument position are referential, whether that be Millian Referentialism, direct-reference theories, or even Fregean Descriptivism. But names are predicates in all of their occurrences...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 393–406.
Published: 01 July 2015
...Catrin Campbell-Moore In Michael Caie's article “Rational Probabilistic Incoherence,” Caie argues that in light of certain situations involving self-reference, it is sometimes rational to have probabilistically incoherent credences. This essay further considers his arguments. It shows...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (4): 487–516.
Published: 01 October 2006
... languages, the identifi cation of sense and meaning cannot be sustained since it is in confl ict with another charac- teristically Fregean thesis, that sense uniquely determines reference. The argument is quite simple and can be outlined as follows. Assume the two theses we have just stated:2 I...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (3): 382–386.
Published: 01 July 2022
...Stephan Krämer Trueman Robert , Properties and Propositions: The Metaphysics of Higher-Order Logic . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 2021 . xi + 227 pp. © 2022 by Cornell University 2022 A singular term like ‘Socrates’, if all goes well, refers to an object...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (3): 410–417.
Published: 01 July 2017
... of birds ( birds ) if you have a mental representation that has all and only birds in its extension. When psychologists (and philosophers) speak of ‘concepts’, they sometimes use the word ‘concept’ differently. They sometimes use it to refer to a certain associated body of ‘knowledge’ (in a very loose...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (1): 1–30.
Published: 01 January 2004
... . Epistemic Two-Dimensional Semantics. Philosophical Studies 118 : 153 -226. Crimmins, Mark. 1992 . Talk about Beliefs . Cambridge: MIT Press. ____. 1998 . Hesperus and Phosphorus: Sense, Pretense, and Reference. Philosophical Review 107 : 1 -47. Davies, Martin, and Lloyd Humberstone...