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rational

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (3): 399–403.
Published: 01 July 2022
...John Mikhail Nichols Shaun , Rational Rules: Towards a Theory of Moral Learning . Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2021 . xv + 248 pp. © 2022 by Cornell University 2022 Shaun Nichols’s new book, Rational Rules , is the most creative and interesting response to moral...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (3): 355–458.
Published: 01 July 2023
... suggest that polarization is predictable when evidence is ambiguous , that is, when the rational response is not obvious. I show how Bayesians should model such ambiguity and then prove that—assuming rational updates are those which obey the value of evidence—ambiguity is necessary and sufficient...
FIGURES | View All (14)
Image
Published: 01 July 2023
Figure 1. (Color online.) Standard Bayesian model of a Headser’s rational opinions. Left: Generalized-Kripke (Markov) diagram, in which blue numbers within circles represent the prior probabilities of possibilities, and labeled red arrows from circles represent the posterior probabilities More
Image
Published: 01 July 2023
Figure 2. (Color online.) Ambiguous model of a Headser’s rational opinions. See figure 1 for interpretation. More
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 94–98.
Published: 01 January 2000
...Michael Losonsky LEIBNIZ AND THE RATIONAL ORDER OF NATURE. By Donald Rutherford. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Pp. xiii, 301. Cornell University 2000 BOOK REVIEWS to think that our projects are or could be based on no falsehoods what- soever...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (1): 111–113.
Published: 01 January 2001
...Roger Crisp RATIONAL EGOISM: A SELECTIVE AND CRITICAL HISTORY. By Robert Shaver. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. xii, 162. Cornell University 2001 BOOK REVIEWS The Philosophical him,Vol. 110, No. 1 (January 2001) RATIONAL EWISM...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (2): 232–236.
Published: 01 April 2018
... authors significant for Kant's rational psychology not discussed by Dyck, such as Baumeister, Reimarus, and Feder, one can consult the first book on this topic, Kants rationale Psychologie und ihre Vorgänger , by Luise Cramer (1914). The last section analyzes Kant's precritical views on empirical...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (3): 371–375.
Published: 01 July 2019
...Igor Douven Leitgeb Hannes , The Stability of Belief: How Rational Belief Coheres with Probability . Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2017 . xiv + 365 pp . © 2019 by Cornell University 2019 There is an ongoing debate about how to connect categorical beliefs to graded beliefs...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 523–527.
Published: 01 October 2019
...Julia Staffel Lord Errol , The Importance of Being Rational . Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2018 . 288 pp . © 2019 by Cornell University 2019 Errol Lord's new book The Importance of Being Rational takes on the ambitious task of defending reasons fundamentalism. According...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 495–499.
Published: 01 July 2020
...Brian Hedden Sullivan Meghan , Time Biases: A Theory of Rational Planning and Personal Persistence . New York : Oxford University Press , 2018 . 196 pp. © 2020 by Cornell University 2020 This book is about, and more precisely against , time biases. Time biases involve...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... . Eells Ellery . 1981 . “ Causality, Utility, and Decision .” Synthese 48 : 295 – 329 . ———. 1982 . Rational Decision and Causality . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press . ———. 1984 . “ Newcomb’s Many Solutions .” Theory and Decision 16 : 59 – 105 . Egan Andy . 2007...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (2): 277–281.
Published: 01 April 2000
...Joseph Y. Halpern PROBABILITY AND CONDITIONALS: BELIEF REVISION AND RATIONAL DECISION. Edited by Ellery Eells and Brian Skyrms. Cambridge University Press, 1994. Pp. vii, 207 Cornell University 2000 Adams, E. 1966 . “Probability and the Logic of Conditionals.” In Aspects...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 393–406.
Published: 01 July 2015
...Catrin Campbell-Moore In Michael Caie's article “Rational Probabilistic Incoherence,” Caie argues that in light of certain situations involving self-reference, it is sometimes rational to have probabilistically incoherent credences. This essay further considers his arguments. It shows...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 411–447.
Published: 01 October 2010
..., that conflicts with the principle of Countable Additivity. The essay then argues that the most plausible response to the conflict between these principles is to maintain that they are both valid and that, when an agent cannot satisfy them both, he or she is faced with a rational dilemma. The essay is divided...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (1): 1–23.
Published: 01 January 2002
..., Howard. 1978 . Probability, Chance, and Choice: A Theory of Rational Agency. Unpublished paper presented at a workshop on Pragmatism and Conditionals at the University of Western Ontario, May 1978 . von Neumann, J., and Morgenstern, O. 1944 . Theory of Games and Economic Behavior . New York: Wiley...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (4): 507–535.
Published: 01 October 2004
.... Canadian Journal of Philosophy Supp. Vol. 26 : 103 -37. Arpaly, N. 2000 . On Acting Rationally Against One's Best Judgement. Ethics 110 : 488 -513. Bratman, M. 1987 . Intention, Plans and Practical Reason. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ____. 1998 . Toxin, Temptation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (4): 577–582.
Published: 01 October 2004
...Nishi Shah Stephen Darwall, Welfare and Rational Care. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002. Pp. xi, 135. Cornell University 2004 BOOK REVIEWS don and New York: Routledge, 1989). 4 I draw the reader’s attention to two recent volumes: Gideon...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (4): 449–485.
Published: 01 October 2006
..., Knowledge, and Context.” Philosophical Review 111 : 167 -203. Douven, Igor. 2002 . “A New Solution to the Paradoxes of Rational Acceptability.” British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 : 391 -410. ____. 2003 . “Nelkin on the Lottery Paradox.” Philosophical Review 112 : 395 -404...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 527–575.
Published: 01 October 2013
...Michael Caie Probabilism is the view that a rational agent's credences should always be probabilistically coherent. It has been argued that Probabilism follows, given the assumption that an epistemically rational agent ought to try to have credences that represent the world as accurately...
FIGURES
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (3): 394–398.
Published: 01 July 2022
...Bob Beddor This is a simple and elegant way of modeling degrees of rationality. But it faces two challenges. One challenge is raised by Staffel (153), who introduces two logic students, uncertain Una and certain Cera. Both Una and Cera entertain a complicated conditional q that turns out...