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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (2): 153–181.
Published: 01 April 2009
.... Sartorio, Carolina. 2005 . “Causes as Difference-Makers.” Philosophical Studies 123 : 71 -96. Smith, Michael. 1994 . The Moral Problem . Oxford: Blackwell. Van Inwagen, Peter. 1977 . “Ontological Arguments.” Noûs 11 : 375 -95. Production and Necessity...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 509–587.
Published: 01 October 2016
... knowledge.” Whatever else it takes for an agent's credences to amount to knowledge, their success, or accuracy, must be the product of cognitive ability or skill . The brand of Bayesianism developed here helps ensure this ability condition is satisfied. Cognitive ability, in turn, helps make credences...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (2): 183–223.
Published: 01 April 2009
... ability to identify intentions from the products of communicative behavior and our knowledge of stylistic conventions. This account avoids the difficulties that face rival attempts to analyze depiction in terms of resemblance. It also clarifies and explains the features that distinguish depictive from...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (2): 295–300.
Published: 01 April 2017
... of artificial ingredients, and the virtues and vices of locavorism. But PCD is particularly valuable because it teaches two lessons: Despite the many sins of industrial animal agriculture, it's hard to explain why individual consumers shouldn't purchase its products. Even if individual consumers...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (2): 203–248.
Published: 01 April 2004
... that they are the productive source of the perfection (or reality) within these natural effects.8 In other words, I will consider another candidate for a Leibnizian account of divine concurrence, one that avoids the problems facing Sleigh’s account by suggesting that God and the creature, both as “productive” causes...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (1): 125–130.
Published: 01 January 2018
... contribution,” but rather to the sheer possession of productive or unproductive wealth ). It would seem to follow that the elimination of domination is achieved when no one can use their alienable or inalienable wealth to dominate others. But now suppose this wealth takes the form of the subjugation of alien...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 43–77.
Published: 01 January 2014
..., each product of division deserves the same amount of punishment this person deserves. If I deserve X amount of punishment in Killer , then Division Multiplies Desert implies that Lefty and Righty, the products of my division, each deserve X amount of punishment in Killer's Division . The total...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 205–229.
Published: 01 April 2014
... that dependency is not involved in the underlying physical process; it may well be that the physical cause is also a dependence cause of the effect. This means that even those, like Loewer, who believe that the production notion has no place in fundamental physics may find the hybrid picture acceptable as a rough...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (1): 87–102.
Published: 01 January 2009
..., this is not allowed to happen. One of the products of the fission is cho- sen at random and painlessly put to death shortly after the fission takes place. (This is done to avoid overpopulation and to avoid competition between fission products for the original person’s goods and privileges and for the right...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 45–96.
Published: 01 January 2021
... . Andreas, Holger, and Mario Günther. 2020. “Causation in Terms of Production.” Philosophical Studies 177, no. 6: 1565–91. doi.org/10.1007/s11098-019-01275-3 . Armstrong, David. 2004. “Going through the Open Door Again: Counterfactuals vs. Singularist Theories of Causation.” In Collins, Hall, and Paul...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 360–366.
Published: 01 July 2014
...)”—while a duplicate of Adam is simultaneously created in the next room (58). (Hare dubs the result of the replacement of Adam's brain with a rudimentary, silicon pseudobrain “Sili-Brain” and the duplicate of Adam who is created in the next room “Tele-Product.”) The first intuition Hare reports having...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (2): 293–296.
Published: 01 April 2008
... that naturally express subjects’ states” (227). Bar-On distinguishes expressing as act and as product. Express- ing a state is not reporting that state; it is more like expressing enthusiasm. For that very reason, it has no more epistemic requirement than uttering “Hourra!” Of course, that utterance...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (4): 485–531.
Published: 01 October 2014
... this proof by mathematical induction of the fact that the product of any three consecutive nonzero natural numbers is divisible by 6: The product of 1, 2, and 3 is 6, which is divisible by 6. Suppose that the product of ( n  − 1), n , and ( n +1) is divisible by 6. Let's show that the product of n...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 429–435.
Published: 01 July 2002
... for some of the contexts in which erzeugen occurs; in addition, its adoption leads to an inappropriate translation of Erzeugung as ‘generation’ where what Kant clearly has in mind is ‘production’ in the sense of product or thing produced.6 It makes more sense to me to reserve ‘generate’ and ‘generation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 452–456.
Published: 01 July 2002
... next focuses on understanding, the activity that is characteristically human. Aristo- tle distinguishes between the passive understanding (nous pathêtikos) that becomes its objects and the productive understanding (nous poiêtikos) that cre- ates them. Since nous can understand all things, it can...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (2): 292–295.
Published: 01 April 2015
... as a Virtue of the Soul,” namely, that citizens of a healthy and just city/state must be just persons. Unlike Rawls's justice as fairness, Plato's justice is not the product of an agreement; rather, agreement—indispensable for a healthy city—is the product of justice in the citizens (100). In the same spirit...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 118–121.
Published: 01 January 2000
... construction in physical space-is ontologically productive. Much of the originality of Campbell’s book lies in her (largely successful) attempt to distinguish her view of feelings from such social constructivist views. She argues for an account “that is adequate to feelings that are idiosyncratic...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (4): 583–587.
Published: 01 October 2021
... is productive of stability (74). Because of stability constraints, “the best the law-maker will be able to do is promote incomplete virtue, through the preservation and improvement of a less than perfect constitutional regime” (77; though much hangs on whether one emphasizes ‘preservation’ or ‘improvement...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 422–425.
Published: 01 July 2015
... vehicles, and sell complex financial products to people of questionable means. Insofar as employees are personally opposed to these practices, they have moral reasons of integrity not to comply with managerial directives to engage in them. And, according to McMahon, these reasons can outweigh, in a broad...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (4): 548–550.
Published: 01 October 2005
.... Traditionally, the Causal Theory of Action (CTA) views paradigmatic actions as external events caused and rationalized by internal events. Enç’s ver- sion of this theory holds that an action is the product of a system whose func- tion is to produce goal-oriented behavior determined by some internal state...