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problem of new theories

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... in Lewis’s views on these two matters, by presenting a class of decision problems—some of them themselves Newcomb problems—in which Lewis’s view of the relevance of inadmissible evidence seems in tension with his causal decision theory. It offers a diagnosis for this dilemma and proposes a remedy, based...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (4): 533–581.
Published: 01 October 2021
...Louis deRosset A raft of new philosophical problems concerning truth have recently been discovered by several theorists. These problems concern the question of how ascriptions of truth are to be grounded. Most previous commentators have taken the problems to shed light on the theory of ground...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (4): 453–497.
Published: 01 October 2022
...Jon Erling Litland This paper develops a novel theory of abstraction—what we call collective abstraction . The theory solves a notorious problem for noneliminative structuralism. The noneliminative structuralist holds that in addition to various isomorphic systems there is a pure structure that can...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (4): 501–532.
Published: 01 October 2009
... the Indispensability and the Consistency Problems. By what right does Kant present affection by supersensible entities as an indispensable requirement of experience? And how could any argument for such indispensability avoid violating the Critique's doctrine of noumenal ignorance? This essay develops a new solution...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (4): 529–578.
Published: 01 October 2023
... theory of truth, which solves the liar paradox in a principled manner. We end by showing that our theory and simple extensions thereof have the resources to axiomatize the internal logic of several supervaluational hierarchies, including Cantini’s. This solves open problems of Halbach (2011) and Horsten...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 77–98.
Published: 01 January 2008
... be at the party only get assigned truth-values relative to contexts of utterance, indices of evaluation, and—the new wrinkle—points of assessment. We dub such semantic analyses CIA theories.1 Our goal here is to catalogue some cen- tral problems that any CIA theory must solve. We begin by briefly sketch...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (3): 301–343.
Published: 01 July 2017
...Matthew Mandelkern; Ginger Schultheis; David Boylan This essay proposes a new theory of agentive modals : ability modals and their duals, compulsion modals. After criticizing existing approaches—the existential quantificational analysis, the universal quantificational analysis, and the conditional...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (1): 85–87.
Published: 01 January 2001
..., or items of personal conviction, they give no reason to think that the theory we so prefer constitutes objective knowledge, or is closer to the truth. AOE is supposed to handle this problem because on this view (instead of the two-tiered picture of evidence and theory) we take scientific knowledge...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (1): 1–30.
Published: 01 January 2004
...- tent.4 Until further notice, it is the strong form of the theory I will have in mind. (Strong) neo-descriptivists think that their theory can do what Frege and Russell wanted descriptivism to do, without running into the problems that face descriptivism’s supposed nemesis—the New Theory...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (2): 149–177.
Published: 01 April 2012
...Darren Bradley This article defends the Doomsday Argument, the Halfer Position in Sleeping Beauty, the Fine-Tuning Argument, and the applicability of Bayesian confirmation theory to the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics. It will argue that all four problems have the same structure...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (3): 401–425.
Published: 01 July 2007
... on Putnam's Models: A Reply to Belloti.” Erkenntnis . ____. Forthcoming b. “Two Arguments against Realism.” Philosophical Quarterly . Devitt, Michael. 1984 . Realism and Truth . Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Lewis, David. 1983 . “New Work for a Theory of Universals.” Australasian...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (1): 1–23.
Published: 01 January 2002
... Theory , ed. C. A. Hooker, J. J. Leach, and E. F. McClennen, 125 -62. Dordrecht: Reidel. Goldman, Alvin. 1970 . A Theory of Human Action . Princeton: Princeton University Press. Jeffrey, Richard. 1965 . The Logic of Decision . New York: McGraw-Hill. ____. 1983 . The Logic of Decision. 2d...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 463–509.
Published: 01 October 2019
... think I can turn it into a virtue of the theory, but it will take some explanation. First off, I want to emphasize that it is a mark in favor of A&P that it forces any epistemological verdicts on us. A solution to the generality problem needs to take the typing of the relevant processes out...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (4): 614–619.
Published: 01 October 2021
....” Noûs 13, no. 4: 455–76. List, Christian, and Peter Menzies. 2009. “Nonreductive Physicalism and the Limits of the Exclusion Principle.” Journal of Philosophy 106, no. 9: 475–502. Woodward, James. 2003. Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation. New York: Oxford University Press...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 299–352.
Published: 01 July 2015
... how and why the deception was produced is what I wish to call “the diagnostic problem of the paradox.” ( Chihara 1979 , 590) Russell's theory of impredicative definitions, Kripke's theory of grounding, the Gupta-Belnap theory of circular definitions, McGee's theory of indefinite and definite...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 279–322.
Published: 01 July 2018
..., for example, proposed that moral goodness is a primitive, non-natural property. Could that be primitively action-guiding? In Dasgupta 2017a I argue not, and that his view suffers from the very same problem of missing value as the divine command theory. This kind of objection to Moore is not new: many have...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 302–308.
Published: 01 April 2020
...Eddy Keming Chen Healey Richard , The Quantum Revolution in Philosophy . Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2017 . ix + 292 pp. © 2020 by Cornell University 2020 In this thought-provoking book, Richard Healey proposes a new interpretation of quantum theory inspired...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (2): 296–300.
Published: 01 April 2001
... Press. Nozick, Robert, 1969 . “Newcomb's Problem and Two Principles of Choice.” In Essays in Honor of Carl G. Hempel, ed. Nicholas Rescher et. al, 114 -46. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. Savage, Leonard, 1972 . The Foundations of Statistics, 2d ed. New York: Dover. (First edition, 1954...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (2): 285–320.
Published: 01 April 2011
... the current contenders in the effort to explain why Leibniz adopts a theory of monads.55 5. Two Schemes and Leibniz’s Most Considered View On Garber’s reading, the central philosophical problem in Leibniz’s later ontology of nature is how the new foundation of simple substances is related to the scheme...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 465–470.
Published: 01 July 2002
...Michael Glanzberg André Chapuis and Anil Gupta, eds., Circularity, Definition and Truth. New Delhi: Indian Council of Philosophical Research, 2000. Pp. vi, 402. Cornell University 2002 Gupta, Anil, and Nuel Belnap. 1993 . The Revision Theory of Truth . Cambridge: MIT Press...