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oppressive

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 395–431.
Published: 01 July 2020
... by, systems of social oppression. In such cases, the article suggests, the externalistic view that justification is in part a matter of worldly relations, rather than the internalistic view that justification is solely a matter of how things stand from the agent’s individual perspective, becomes the more...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (3): 463–467.
Published: 01 July 2021
... ordinary speech by ordinary speakers under ordinary circumstances constitutes harm in virtue of enacting harmful norms. Mary Kate McGowan starts the book with the following examples to illustrate. An offhand sexist remark about sexual conquests at work oppresses women without the speaker intending...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (3): 378–382.
Published: 01 July 2022
.... In chapter 9, Goldberg argues that the No Silent Rejection norm—that is, our pro tanto obligation to speak up when we disagree—partially explains the architecture of oppression. When a dominant party speaks to an oppressed party, the No Silent Rejection norm does not bind the oppressed party...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 159–162.
Published: 01 January 2021
...)? And might it be the case that the associative account of political obligations, with its emphasis on victims’ duties to assert their dignity and on their associative duties to fellow oppressed citizens, grants the oppressed a permission to engage in acts of defiance against their oppressors more so than...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (1): 111–116.
Published: 01 January 2019
.... As Zack explains, while feminist theory has had a long period of development, becoming more inclusive of various racial as well as gender differences so that it now embraces the notion of intersectionality —the notion that someone may experience multiple forms of oppression together (601), critical race...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 159–210.
Published: 01 April 2020
... that Elster's original understanding of the term applies to the oppression cases—central ones in the contemporary literature on adaptive preference. See Elster ( 1983 : 128–29). For the point that the term “adaptive preference” is now used much more broadly than in Elster's text, and that oppression cases have...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (1): 124–126.
Published: 01 January 2003
... or destructive sentiments and attitudes.” Second, it is essentially linked to especially heinous forms of race-based systems of oppression and their destructive historical effects (27). Having defined the “core meaning” of racism, he urges us to use other linguis- tic and moral resources to describe...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (2): 266–269.
Published: 01 April 2003
... answer Oberdiek gives is this: tolerance as a virtue is needed to prevent oppression. Without the other-regarding virtue of tolerance, “we are more likely to surrender to our initial negative reaction to what we dislike or disap- prove. … As a consequence, we are likely to inflict serious wrongs...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (2): 268–272.
Published: 01 April 2018
... it comes to morally and politically charged examples. Consider the following pair: (3) a. White women are oppressed.  b. White people are oppressed. If white women are a kind of white person, then the truth of example (3-a) plus kind percolation should imply example (3-b). And yet I can think of a lot...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 112–116.
Published: 01 January 2014
... agree that there is something deeply troubling with ideological and religious worldviews being shoved down the throats of the young, especially views that lead individuals within these systems to be controlled and oppressed. If reasons matter, then it would seem that religious reasons for covering up...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 135–138.
Published: 01 January 2000
... that utilitarianism re- quires actions that are horrible. He lists these under the headings “utility monsters,” “imposed sacrifices,” “oppressed minorities,” and “moral alienation” (20-22). He responds by arguing that utilitarians ought to adopt institutions, conceived in terms of rules...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (1): 158–163.
Published: 01 January 2023
... Today. Srinivasan opens the essay by detailing the paradoxical ways in which college-aged women—her students—seem to have internalized both twentieth-century feminist analyses of masculinist oppression and mainstream pornographic constructions of sexual relations, yielding a weird doublethink about...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (1): 121–123.
Published: 01 January 2003
... with the subjects over what constitutes sex- ual harassment is not question begging, though. Social theorists often claim that the victims of oppression are unaware that the harm they suffer is oppres- sion, but to define it as such is not question begging, provided that they make a case for their definition...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (3): 420–422.
Published: 01 July 2004
..., freedom, ambiguity, situation, bad faith, reci- procity, and oppression; she summarizes Beauvoir’s philosophical predeces- 422 ...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 529–532.
Published: 01 October 2017
... works of philosophy were produced under conditions of censorship and oppression, can be taken in an unobjectionable sense. Even so, the extravagance and implausibility of many Straussian readings can be discouraging. The present case is a little unusual, however, because, in the letter from which Jolley...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (1): 163–167.
Published: 01 January 2023
... of that prospect in Gaus’s remark that “a critical task of the democratic order is to ensure the equality and fairness on which large-scale human cooperation depends. Without these rules of the game, self-organization can lead to oppressive hierarchies” (245). But in addressing governance issues in the last part...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (2): 316–320.
Published: 01 April 2023
... data in democratic states, there are still strong pockets of nongenuine or nonintentional citizenship. These includes national minorities (such as Scots, Catalonians, or Quebecois) and oppressed minorities (such as African Americans or, we could add, Indigenous Australians and Māori New Zealanders...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (3): 508–511.
Published: 01 July 2023
... are both helpful and necessary. In the hands of a lesser author, discussions of, for example, philosophical justifications for suicide could be oppressive, not to mention dangerous. Yet Van Der Lugt manages them with care and compassion, without sacrificing philosophical rigor. In sum, Dark Matters...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 614–617.
Published: 01 October 2000
... an opportunity to exer- cise our moral powers, and in its capacity to inure us to oppression. There is much here that challenges orthodox views about art, emotion, ethics and political rhetoric. Carroll’s proposals are clearly formulated and in- geniously defended, and his account of ideology...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (4): 637–641.
Published: 01 October 2023
... the other anger variations” because such high demands have been made of the members of oppressed communities before their testimony is taken seriously (46). Chapter 3 looks at benefits of Lordean rage for anti-racist struggle. Anger communicates to others that the angry party thinks someone has wronged...