1-20 of 218 Search Results for

opportunity

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (4): 633–637.
Published: 01 October 2023
...Kimberly Kessler Ferzan kferzan@law.upenn.edu Brink David O. , Fair Opportunity and Responsibility . Oxford : Clarendon Press , 2021 . 426 pp. © 2023 by Cornell University 2023 Fair Opportunity and Responsibility sets forth an overarching normative vision...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (3): 339–383.
Published: 01 July 2021
... opportunity and accuracy in the long run. Further, it is sometimes rationally permissible to choose the latter. The article breaks down the features of action which give rise to the trade-off, and then argues that each feature applies equally well to belief. This conclusion is an instance of a systematic...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (2): 253–271.
Published: 01 April 2005
...” (1973). Sen argued that economists use the concept of preference to represent three distinct phenomena: choices, motives, and welfare. From the fact that Sarah chooses x from the opportunity set {x, y}, one could not infer that she is at least as well off with x as y, nor even that she personally...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (3): 428–430.
Published: 01 July 2001
... individual contributes greatest moral value by not X-ing. But the intuitive existence of individual wrongdoing gives reason for act utilitarians to contest this assumption. They can credibly deny it as follows. What we can call “the opportunity view” distinguishes two types of intrinsic moral...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 601–604.
Published: 01 October 2000
... that a great strength of Dworkin’s auction is that it is sensitive to the opportunity costs to others of giving some re- source to a particular individual. As Macleod helpfully points out, “The resources a person can acquire are a function not only of the importance she attaches to them but also...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (4): 603–632.
Published: 01 October 2007
...–221. (Sen distinguishes capabilities and functionings; see, for example, Commodities and Capabilities, chaps. 2, 4; Inequality Reexamined: chap. 3, which difference is relevant more broadly to opportunity-based theories, discussed briefly at the conclusion of sec- tion 4.B. This difference...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (2): 262–270.
Published: 01 April 2002
... philoso- phers will have about aspects of the present book, 2 I take this opportunity to raise some questions about the Rawlsian direction in which Nussbaum s con- ception of political justification seems to be headed; I hope that the great inter- est and appeal of her work in political philosophy...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 537–540.
Published: 01 October 2019
... they want as long as they have real and fair opportunities not to do so. Anderson does not seem to reject this principle. But she argues that most people are, as a matter of fact, forced to work under a private government. This is due to both the nature of modern capitalism and the default rules...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (2): 285–288.
Published: 01 April 2005
... embodies deep assumptions about the legitimacy of the state’s power over citizens, and the tax code structures each society’s distributions of welfare, opportunity, and economic liberty. Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel’s excellent short book establishes the importance of tax policy as a field...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 618–620.
Published: 01 October 2002
... that a property-owning democracy might use to realize fair equality of opportunity and the difference principle. Rawls maintains that certain inher- itance, income, or consumption taxes may be used, but that a head tax (requir- 618 BOOK...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (1): 142–144.
Published: 01 January 2005
... that others have an opportunity to acquire goods that will enable them to achieve a level of welfare equal to our own. Such egalitarianism com- mits Otsuka to profound restrictions on what people may do with the resources they rightfully control, restrictions at which Locke would presumably balk...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 481–524.
Published: 01 October 2008
...- text that includes the opportunity to make formal, explicit, and strin- gent promises. So, by arguing moral agents must have the “power to promise,” I mean to encompass the full range of powers to make com- mitments; this set includes what I regard...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 433–463.
Published: 01 July 2020
... so broad—“saving a life”—that saving Hiker offers an alternative means to achieve it. The Revisionary View has potentially radical implications. In a world with so much poverty and disease, there are many opportunities for peaceful rescue. This is true for individuals, but it is also true...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (3): 437–440.
Published: 01 July 2001
... laissez-faire economic policy as the best way to encourage such development. For this Smith, once basic needs are 437 BOOK REVLEWS met, we must allow rich and poor the surest opportunity to make their own decisions and to attain security; the free market is the means to this end. In many ways...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (2): 187–217.
Published: 01 April 2007
... way. Given that our epistemic condition consists in imperfect responses to incomplete evidence, part of being rational involves taking account of these sources of imperfection. Fortunately, each of us is confronted every day by opportunities for epistemic self-improvement. Most frequently...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (4): 465–500.
Published: 01 October 2009
..., “This need not be what happened.” Upon reading Darwall’s example, one certainly does not imag- ine Roberta seeing an “opportunity” in the plight of the textile workers to satisfy a previously held desire. If the Humean theory claimed that she regarded the workers’ misfortunes as an opportunity...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (1): 140–146.
Published: 01 January 2017
... institutional conception of republican democracy. To prevent majority tyranny and to ensure that each citizen has equal access to influence, he argues, citizens have to have the effective opportunity of individual contestation. This means establishing institutional procedures whereby individuals can contest...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (2): 179–207.
Published: 01 April 2012
... Wesley H. Holliday Stanford University 1. Introduction To find out whether a person could have done something, such as prevent a disaster or save a victim, we typically ask about the person’s abilities and opportunities. Did the person know how to intervene...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 451–472.
Published: 01 October 2016
... know that one of the twenty-six has been infected by Maleficitus, a very nasty disease, while the remaining twenty-five have been infected by Tolerabalitus, a tolerably nasty disease. It is too early to guess who has what, but you and they know that now is your only opportunity to administer drugs...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (1): 115–118.
Published: 01 January 2007
... institutions the principle is supposed to justify. Other criteria: (2) desert must not be para- sitic on some other value that wholly defi nes justice; nevertheless, desert (3) must meet a fair opportunity constraint; inequalities in desert cannot refl ect unequal access to the bases of desert; and (4...