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nonrigid structures

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (4): 453–497.
Published: 01 October 2022
... . To explain the problem, let us introduce the main theme of this paper: structural abstraction. structuralism nonrigid structures abstraction generation essence © 2022 by Cornell University 2022 jon.litland@austin.utexas.edu We now turn to developing a precise way of expressing...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (1): 89–100.
Published: 01 January 2004
... essentially structured. The question arises: if not sums, what are they? Below I propose to identify them with what Kit Fine calls rigid embodiments (1999). On the resulting view, there are at least two fundamental categories of portions of stuff: sums and rigid embodiments. My proposal will employ...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (4): 415–448.
Published: 01 October 2006
... on different universes with respect to different pos- sible worlds. The variable ‘x ’, which occurs bound in (1), is itself rigid, but its occurrences in (1) (unlike the occurrence of ‘y insofar as they are designators, are nonrigid. If one holds with Frege that an expression designates its...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (2): 251–266.
Published: 01 April 2007
... that I have an appointment with an optician this afternoon. Now both the statement I in fact made and the statement that Adam mistook me to be making will distinguish between a range of alternative possibilities, so the truth of what I say (where “what I say” is understood as a nonrigid...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (1): 59–117.
Published: 01 January 2015
... with our disjunctive version of the generalization concerning Ø t h e in English and provide a simpler generalization of the rule. It turns out that one clearly emerges when we look at the syntactic structures associated with the cases subsumed under the rule. First look at cases where...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 53–94.
Published: 01 January 2020
... full-fledged definite descriptions at LF. So, for example, while the surface form of (8) might intuitively suggests a syntactic structure similar to (8a), it actually has a more complex syntactic structure, namely, that given by (9a). In other words, according to syntactic descriptivism , names...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 433–485.
Published: 01 October 2018
...: (5*) It might be the case that the red ticket is the winning ticket.  ⋄ r = w Unlike the argument from (4) to (5), this argument is invalid on standard versions of quantified modal logic (constant or varying domain) that permit nonrigid terms. 10 Now, how should an advocate...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 281–338.
Published: 01 July 2014
... of propositions Γ that feature in the interesting instances of the continuum argument carry a natural topology, inherited from the similarity structure of the set of contents they attribute (in the first two examples discussed above, this is based on the topology of the set of length relations). This topological...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (1): 1–30.
Published: 01 January 2004
... of “intentionality” rather than “content.” Cf. Stanley 1997, 568. As Stanley points out, Kripke’s modal argument is ineffective against such a descriptivism even if the descriptions invoked are nonrigid. 5 On the theory of direct reference, see, for example, Almog, Perry, and Wettstein 1989, Salmon 1986...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 509–587.
Published: 01 October 2016
...) says, “we may say that [Bayes's theorem] implies [the likelihood principle].” “The contribution of experimental results to the determination of posterior probabilities is always characterized just by the likelihood function and is otherwise independent of the structure of an experiment” (ibid...