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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (1): 59–117.
Published: 01 January 2015
...Delia Graff Fara One reason to think that names have a predicate-type semantic value is that they naturally occur in count-noun positions: ‘The Michaels in my building both lost their keys’; ‘I know one incredibly sharp Cecil and one that's incredibly dull’. Predicativism is the view that names...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 53–94.
Published: 01 January 2020
...Anders J. Schoubye M ILLIANISM and DESCRIPTIVISM are without question the two most prominent views with respect to the semantics of proper names. However, debates between MILLIANS and DESCRIPTIVISTS have tended to focus on a fairly narrow set of linguistic data and an equally narrow set of problems...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 525–554.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Samuel Cumming Variabilism is the view that proper names (like pronouns) are semantically represented as variables. Referential names, like referential pronouns, are assigned their referents by a contextual variable assignment (Kaplan 1989). The reference parameter (like the world of evaluation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (2): 219–240.
Published: 01 April 2017
...Robin Jeshion Clarence Sloat, Ora Matushansky, and Delia Graff Fara advocate a Syntactic Rationale on behalf of predicativism, the view that names are predicates in all of their occurrences. Each argues that a set of surprising syntactic data compels us to recognize names as a special variety of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (2): 151–205.
Published: 01 April 2011
... Russell's solution requires him to adopt certain substantive views about the nature of the referents of what are usually called “logically proper names.” In particular, Russell's solution will work only if the referents of such names are given to one who understands them in a manner that is entirely “aspect...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 539–571.
Published: 01 October 2012
... orthodoxy that removes this impossibility. The starting point is a proposal by Jeffrey and Stalnaker that conditionals take semantic values in the unit interval, interpreting these (à la McGee) as their expected truth-values at a world. Their theories imply a false principle, namely, that the probability of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... an extension of a proposal due to Ned Hall and others from the case of chance to that of causation. The remedy suggests a new view of the relation between causal decision theory and evidential decision theory, namely, that they stand to each other much as chance stands to credence, being objective...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (4): 591–642.
Published: 01 October 2020
...Daniel Drucker This article investigates when one can (rationally) have attitudes, and when one cannot. It argues that a comprehensive theory must explain three phenomena. First, being related by descriptions or names to a proposition one has strong reason to believe is true does not guarantee that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (1): 1–41.
Published: 01 January 2011
... action. According to this view, if Jim ought to jam, that is not because there is a special distinctive deliberative ought relation between Jim and jamming; rather, it is because a certain proposition ought to be the case: namely, that Jim jams. This essay defends the naive view, by first arguing that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (3): 337–382.
Published: 01 July 2011
...Peter A. Graham A principle that many have found attractive is one that goes by the name “'Ought' Implies 'Can'.” According to this principle, one morally ought to do something only if one can do it. This essay has two goals: to show that the principle is false and to undermine the motivations that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (2): 314–316.
Published: 01 April 2008
... descriptions, proper names, and pronouns are the same—they have the same syntactic as well as semantic structure. They are definite descriptions, with the definite article THE taking two arguments, an index andaNoun Phrase. Elbourne’s proposal targets two dominant views, one in linguistics, the other in...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (3): 432–434.
Published: 01 July 2004
... names and general terms. Chapter 1 introduces the distinction between F-type and S-type terms, grounded on the epistemological and semantic differences between the ways in which semantic values are determined and transmitted. This distinction pro- vides the starting point for the account of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (1): 1–30.
Published: 01 January 2004
...Frederick Kroon Cornell University 2004 Almog, Joseph, John Perry, and Howard Wettstein, eds. 1989 . Themes from Kaplan . Oxford: Oxford University Press. Borg, Emma. 2000 . Complex Demonstratives. Philosophical Studies 97 : 229 -49. Braun, David. 1993 . Empty Names. Noûs...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (4): 487–516.
Published: 01 October 2006
... reference for a very particular reason; it does so because a sense presents a reference, by incorporating a mode of presentation. This is how Frege invariably speaks of the matter when- ever he is discussing the senses expressed by proper names, the most renowned passage being found in the opening...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 536–541.
Published: 01 October 2017
... no use for ideal forms. The ultimate outcome of these failures is “a two-tiered account of definition and reference” (16). The first tier consists of names, senses as expressed in ordinary linguistic definition, and referents; the second tier consists of the same names and their philosophically...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (2): 261–263.
Published: 01 April 2015
...) that appeared in this journal. For both of them, I think, terms that name what we might call natural kinds are the names of substances, whereas those that stand for other sorts of things name modes. Horses, human beings, and lead are substances; dentists, bicycles, and modeling glue are modes. I...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 101–103.
Published: 01 January 2000
...John V. Canfield WITTGENSTEIN ON MIND AND LANGUAGE By David G. Stern. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995. Pp. ix, 226. BOOK REVIEWS of their greatest philosophical foes, namely Bradley. Linsky’spaper defends Russell against the criticism of the axiom of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (4): 633–645.
Published: 01 October 2007
... power, that power “is that which denominates him free, and is Freedom it self” (ibidthat is, having the power named ‘freedom’ is what makes it appropriate to call someone free. According to Locke, it follows from the fact that a person is denominated ‘free’ from a certain power that the power is...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (2): 260–264.
Published: 01 April 2018
... the grad student is investigating, namely, the property of tasting better than Diet Pepsi. But a speaker of Ancient Greek—Jimmy, say—would not speak a language that contains a term for Diet Pepsi. It appears that Jimmy will not be able to truly say, with an inferential-role quantifier, a sentence that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (3): 427–431.
Published: 01 July 2003
.... What does the name ‘Hamlet’ denote? Followers of Russell and Searle say, “Nothing; it is an empty name.” Possibilists say it denotes a non-existent yet pos- sible prince whose mother married his father’s assassin, etc. Meinongians think it denotes a non-existent impossible abstract object that...