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moral theories

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 421–479.
Published: 01 October 2017
...Franz Dietrich; Christian List This essay presents a new “reason-based” approach to the formal representation of moral theories, drawing on recent decision-theoretic work. It shows that any moral theory within a very large class can be represented in terms of two parameters: (i) a specification...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 596–599.
Published: 01 October 2001
...Simo Knuuttila AQUINAS'S MORAL THEORY: ESSAYS IN HONOR OF NORMAN KRETZMANN. Scott MacDonald and Eleonore Stump, Eds. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998. Pp. xiii, 291. Cornell University 2001 BOOK REVIEWS tary that is much more lively and of broader...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (2): 270–272.
Published: 01 April 2001
...Lisa Shapiro DESCARTES'S MORAL THEORY. By John Marshall. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998. Pp. x, 177. Cornell University 2001 BOOK REVIEWS The Philosophical hzm, Vol. 110, No. 2 (April 2001) DESCARTES’S MORAL THEORY By JOHN MARSHALL...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (3): 399–403.
Published: 01 July 2022
...John Mikhail Nichols Shaun , Rational Rules: Towards a Theory of Moral Learning . Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2021 . xv + 248 pp. © 2022 by Cornell University 2022 Shaun Nichols’s new book, Rational Rules , is the most creative and interesting response to moral...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 614–617.
Published: 01 October 2001
...Thaddeus Metz MORAL DEMANDS IN NONIDEAL THEORY. By Liam B. Murphy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. Pp. xiii, 168. Cornell University 2001 BOOK REVIEWS whereas a majority vote is simply a way of deciding, and so not contrary to mutual respect...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (2): 267–270.
Published: 01 April 2000
...Alison McIntyre RESPONSIBILITY AND CONTROL: A THEORY OF MORAL RESPONSIBILITY. By John Martin Fischer and Mark Ravizza, S. J. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Pp. viii, 277. Cornell University 2000 BOOK REKEWS The Philosophical Review...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (1): 116–119.
Published: 01 January 2002
...David Sussman KANT'S THEORY OF MORAL MOTIVATION By Daniel Guevara. Boulder: Westview Press, 2000. Pp. 158, 300. Cornell University 2002 BOOK REVIEWS detailing the argument, the structure, and the development of the first Critique as well as the changes...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (1): 129–132.
Published: 01 January 2001
...Paul E. Sigmund AQUINAS: MORAL, POLITICAL, AND LEGAL THEORY. By John Finnis. NewYork: Oxford University Press, 1998. Pp. xxi, 385. Cornell University 2001 Finnis, John. 1980 . Natural Law and Natural Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press. ____. 1983...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (1): 1–41.
Published: 01 January 2011
... that there are two distinct normative senses of 'ought', which actually exhibit different syntactic behavior, and then going on to argue that the deliberative sense of 'ought' relates agents to actions, rather than to propositions. It closes by drawing lessons for a range of issues in moral theory. © 2011...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 451–472.
Published: 01 October 2016
...Caspar Hare Some moral theories (for example, standard, “ex post” forms of egalitarianism, prioritarianism, and constraint-based deontology) tell you, in some situations in which you are interacting with a group of people, to avoid acting in the way that is expectedly best for everybody. This essay...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 79–105.
Published: 01 January 2014
... of the “Triple Theory,” which allies Rule Consequentialism with Kantian and Scanlonian Contractualism against Act Consequentialism as a theory of moral right. This critical notice argues that what underlies this change is a view of the deontic concept of moral rightness that ties it closely to blameworthiness...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (2): 201–242.
Published: 01 April 2010
.... In section 4, I argue that the plausibility of my account of moral worth, which is largely independent of any particular ethical standpoint, gives us some reason to doubt a class of ethical theories that includes utilitari- anism. Section 5, the final section before the conclusion, considers some issues...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (4): 465–500.
Published: 01 October 2009
...Neil Sinhababu This essay defends a strong version of the Humean theory of motivation on which desire is necessary both for motivation and for reasoning that changes our desires. Those who hold that moral judgments are beliefs with intrinsic motivational force need to oppose this view, and many...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 481–527.
Published: 01 October 2017
...David Shoemaker This essay attempts to provide and defend what may be the first actual argument in support of P. F. Strawson's merely stated vision of a response-dependent theory of moral responsibility. It does so by way of an extended analogy with the funny. In part 1, it makes the easier...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (2): 159–191.
Published: 01 April 2008
..., and elsewhere makes claims that deeply conflict with this approach. 160 Utilitarianism without Consequentialism of more orthodox forms of the theory which allow moral considerations to occupy the entire evaluative domain rather than only one among three...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 616–618.
Published: 01 October 2002
... of their motivation. Moreover, these prior facts about motives are funda- mental—not to be explained in terms of anything else. In the terminology of Slote’s book, his moral theory is not only agent-prior but agent-based (6). Slote’s arguments for this view are somewhat indirect. He protests that com- monsense...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 609–611.
Published: 01 October 2001
... of contractualism, applied by Myers to moral theory, is also found inade- quate, despite its secure accommodation of beneficence, on the ground that its implications are indeterminate, leaving it unclear, in particular, whether restrictions will be part of the agreement. Given the vagueness of the idea of fair...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (4): 525–560.
Published: 01 October 2003
... a Kantian Might Think About Terrorism. In Dignity and Practical Reason in Kant's Moral Theory , 196 -225. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Kant, Immanuel. 1781/1787/ 1998 . Critique of Pure Reason . Trans. Paul Guyer and Allen Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ____. 1785 /1981...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (2): 246–249.
Published: 01 April 2019
..., which also appeals to idealized desires or preferences, but restricts the set of desires or preferences that are relevant to welfare. Third is a consequentialist moral theory that, unusually, rejects welfarism in favor of what Sobel calls the “autonomy principle” (77). This consequentialism demands...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (4): 601–605.
Published: 01 October 2021
... are worthy of moral consideration at all. But Kagan is interested in how our moral theory should look on the assumption that (many) animals are worthy of at least some moral consideration. In broad outline, Kagan’s suggestion (developed in chapter 4) is that we should think of human beings as counting...