Search Results for modal
1-20 of 298 Search Results for
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2010) 119 (3): 365–380.
Published: 01 July 2010
...Joseph Levine Type-B materialists (to use David Chalmers's jargon) claim that though zombies are conceivable, they are not metaphysically possible. This article calls this position regarding the relation between metaphysical and epistemic modality “modal autonomism,” as opposed to the “modal...
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2018) 127 (4): 523–528.
Published: 01 October 2018
...Colin McLear Stang Nicholas , Kant's Modal Metaphysics . Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2016 . 349 pp . Anglophone philosophers with even a passing knowledge of Kant are no doubt familiar with some of his most notable arguments and positions. His conception of the synthetic a...
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2000) 109 (2): 286–289.
Published: 01 April 2000
...Yde Venema MODAL LOGIC. Oxford Logic Guides 35. By Alexander Chagrov and Michael Zakharyaschev. New York: Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press, 1997. Pp. xv, 605. Cornell University 2000 BOOK REWEWS Priorean.” Van Benthem seems to dismiss out of hand the...
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2008) 117 (2): 275–287.
Published: 01 April 2008
...Graeme Forbes In this critical review I discuss the main themes of the papers in Kit Fine's Modality and Tense: Philosophical Papers . These themes are that modal operators are intelligible in their own right and that actualist quantifiers are to be taken as basic with respect to possibilist...
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2013) 122 (1): 45–92.
Published: 01 January 2013
...Malte Willer A dynamic semantics for epistemically modalized sentences is an attractive alternative to the orthodox view that our best theory of meaning ascribes to such sentences truth-conditions relative to what is known. This essay demonstrates that a dynamic theory about might and must offers...
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2018) 127 (4): 433–485.
Published: 01 October 2018
...Dilip Ninan This essay presents a puzzle concerning the interaction of epistemic modals, singular terms, and quantifiers. The puzzle poses a number of problems for both static and dynamic theories of epistemic modals. The trouble arises because neither approach takes into account the fact that...
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2019) 128 (1): 1–61.
Published: 01 January 2019
... and not p⌝ and ⌜Not p and might p⌝ are inconsistent? To make sense of this situation, I propose a new theory of epistemic modals that aims to account for their subtle embedding behavior and shed new light on the dynamics of information in natural language. © 2019 by Cornell University 2019...
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2013) 122 (4): 641–647.
Published: 01 October 2013
...Malte Willer Egan Andy and Weatherson Brian , eds., Epistemic Modality . New York : Oxford University Press , 2011 . vi+335 pp. © 2013 by Cornell University 2013 4. One may suggest that Alex's claim is also concerned with Mary's perspective, but that move, as...
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2017) 126 (3): 301–343.
Published: 01 July 2017
...Matthew Mandelkern; Ginger Schultheis; David Boylan This essay proposes a new theory of agentive modals : ability modals and their duals, compulsion modals. After criticizing existing approaches—the existential quantificational analysis, the universal quantificational analysis, and the conditional...
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2013) 122 (2): 155–187.
Published: 01 April 2013
...Samuel Newlands Leibniz’s views on modality are among the most discussed by his interpreters. Although most of the discussion has focused on Leibniz’s analyses of modality, this essay explores Leibniz’s grounding of modality. Leibniz holds that possibilities and possibilia are grounded in the...
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2010) 119 (1): 31–76.
Published: 01 January 2010
... consider particles fundamental, with metaphysical explanation snaking upward from the many. There seem to be physical and modal considerations that favor the monistic view. Physically, there is good evidence that the cosmos forms an entangled system and good reason to treat entangled systems as irreducible...
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2012) 121 (3): 359–406.
Published: 01 July 2012
...Paolo Santorio According to the orthodox account developed by Kaplan, indexicals like I, you , and now invariably refer to elements of the context of speech. This essay argues that the orthodoxy is wrong. I, you , and the like are shifted by certain modal operators and hence can fail to refer to...
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2013) 122 (4): 577–617.
Published: 01 October 2013
... taller than I would be’ or ‘if I am seven feet tall, I am taller than I am’. These examples exemplify the fact that whether a sentence's evaluation remains at the actual world in the scope of a modal or conditional depends on the combination of mood in the embedded and matrix clauses rather than, as is...
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2008) 117 (4): 525–554.
Published: 01 October 2008
...) may also be shifted by operators in the representation language. Indeed verbs that create hyperintensional contexts, like `think', are treated as operators that simultaneously shift the world and assignment parameters. By contrast, metaphysical modal operators shift the world of assessment only. Names...
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2011) 120 (2): 247–283.
Published: 01 April 2011
... from its restrictor. The article shows that split readings can occur not only with attitude verbs but with modals, tense, and aspectual markers as well. The upshot of the article is that although there is a real threat to our comfortable assumption that the sort of bare quantification we routinely...
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... causal beliefs, and one-boxers to evidential beliefs. The essay notes that a similar issue can arise when the modality in question is chance, rather than causation. In this case, the conflict is between decision rules based on credences guided solely by chances, and rules based on credences guided by...
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2008) 117 (1): 77–98.
Published: 01 January 2008
...Kai von Fintel; Anthony S. Gillies Epistemic modals are standardly taken to be context-dependent quantifiers over possibilities. Thus sentences containing them get truth-values with respect to both a context and an index. But some insist that this relativization is not relative enough: `might...
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2014) 123 (3): 281–338.
Published: 01 July 2014
... attributing any particular meaning to an expression is modally plastic: its truth depends very sensitively on the exact microphysical state of the world. However, such plasticity seems to threaten ordinary counterfactuals whose consequents contain speech reports, since it is hard to see how we could...
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2016) 125 (2): 155–204.
Published: 01 April 2016
... respects (for example, modally or causally), it satisfies this independence-by-nature condition. © 2016 by Cornell University 2016 Descartes substance independence essence causation inherence Less celebrated than Descartes's contributions to epistemology, but no less significant, are...
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2019) 128 (2): 250–254.
Published: 01 April 2019
... modality—causation, chance, laws, and the like. As Callender notes, his instincts about modality are Humean, so he is suspicious of attempts to say what is distinctive about time by appeal to primitive modalities such as causation: “Reducing time to causation has always seemed to be a case of explaining...