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measure sensitivity

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 371–398.
Published: 01 July 2018
... make for the probability of the effect. I conclude by discussing my results and outlining future research avenues. © 2018 by Cornell University 2018 causality causal strength causal Bayes nets probability difference-making measure sensitivity Causation is a central concept in human...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 281–338.
Published: 01 July 2014
... attributing any particular meaning to an expression is modally plastic: its truth depends very sensitively on the exact microphysical state of the world. However, such plasticity seems to threaten ordinary counterfactuals whose consequents contain speech reports, since it is hard to see how we could...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (2): 253–271.
Published: 01 April 2005
... are libertarians and public choice theorists, who deny that measures of freedom should be sensitive to the consequences of exercising it. With respect to opportunity freedom, his main opponents are those who try to measure freedom in ways that are insensitive to individual prefer- ences, or that reduce...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (1): 73–114.
Published: 01 January 2018
... . T represents the order in which observations are made or recorded. The probability measure P specifies how likely one is to observe particular types of data. Rather than write P ( X t θ ∈ E ) , I follow the statistical convention of writing P θ   ( X t...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 144–149.
Published: 01 January 2020
... involving theories or hypotheses concerning things (e.g., the functioning of instruments of detection and measurement) beyond the realm of the observable. (56) Here and elsewhere, Chakravartty uses the notion of a “metaphysical inference” very broadly, for any inference with a “significant a priori...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 131–171.
Published: 01 April 2014
... example: Example 1 (1a) Assume that r = 999 , 999 1 , 000 , 001 . Consider W to be a set { w 1 ,…, w 1,000,000 } of one million possible worlds, and let P be the uniquely determined probability measure that is given by P ( { w 1 } ) = P ( { w...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 509–587.
Published: 01 October 2016
.... Figure 12   MaxSen prior ( n  = 8) Figure 12 . MaxSen prior (n = 8) 14. See also Greco and Turri 2013 , sec. 6. 15. Since Nozick 1981 , epistemologists typically treat lucky true belief as true belief that violates some appropriate modal condition, for example, sensitivity...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 527–575.
Published: 01 October 2013
... to be probabilistically incoherent given that she is moderately sensitive to her own credences and has a high credence in an obvious a priori necessary truth. The obvious a priori necessary truth in question says, in effect, that this agent's credence in a proposition φ is far from φ 's actual truth-value. Andy Egan...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (1): 1–43.
Published: 01 January 2013
... diagnosis of probabilistic analogues of Gettier cases. Just like propositional knowledge, probabilistic knowledge is factive, safe, and sensitive. And it helps us build knowledge-based norms of action without accepting implausible semantic assumptions or endorsing the claim that knowledge is interest...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (1): 1–50.
Published: 01 January 2006
... Theories of Causation in Psychological Perspective.” In Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation , ed. A. Gopnik and L. Schulz. New York: Oxford University Press. Sensitive and Insensitive Causation James Woodward California...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (3): 375–378.
Published: 01 July 2019
... as group rights and to recognize the appropriateness of some measures that promote common identity even where they constrain individual choice. Seymour has done important work on these issues before, although in a French-language monograph that may have escaped the attention of anglophone philosophers...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (1): 126–130.
Published: 01 January 2019
... the reasoning epistemically. It also can be warranted to hold the subject accountable for that cognitive act. If it is a bad inference, the subject showed poor sensitivity to reasons, or ought to have done better, and sometimes can appreciate that. The inference makes it apt to blame or praise the subject...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 185–189.
Published: 01 January 2021
...-Pearsonian methodology. For this reason, Mayo's two criteria closely resemble Nozick's adherence and sensitivity conditions when those conditions are relativized to “methods” ( Nozick 1981 ). 1 Mayo draws several important lessons from this seemingly simple, two-pronged framework. Here, I discuss...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 323–393.
Published: 01 July 2020
... and expectation both produce sharpened neural representation (and increased perceptual sensitivity), attention tends to increase overall activity, while expectation without attention reduces it ( Kok et al. 2011 ; Kumar, Kaposvari, and Vogels 2017 ). Furthermore, other work suggests that while attention...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (2): 241–286.
Published: 01 April 2016
... Consequence Arguments that have been widely discussed in the literature on free will. Before we begin, we need to take account of an interfering factor that may make it hard to appreciate the difficulty of the puzzle—namely, the well-known fact that counterfactual conditionals are context sensitive...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 647–650.
Published: 01 October 2013
... that either form of incompetency must be present. The wrong of racial profiling is owing to what we may refer to as racial/ethnicity fixation, if you will, where the fixation alone precludes being sensitive to a number of quite relevant factors other than the person's race or ethnicity. For the record...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (1): 1–30.
Published: 01 January 2010
....” Economic Theory 92 : 805 -24. Sen, Amartya. 1982 . Choice, Welfare, and Measurement . Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Sobel, Jordan Howard. 1994 . Taking Chances: Essays on Rational Choice . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Wedgwood, Ralph. 2009. “Gandalf's Solution to the Newcomb Problem...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (2): 147–190.
Published: 01 April 2017
... a complex cognitive achievement. As we shall see, Kant is remarkably sensitive to this complexity. Kant's target is successful arithmetical cognition, the sort of arithmetical cognition that humans are capable of attaining, even if some have not realized that capacity, so that the conception of number he...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 598–601.
Published: 01 October 2000
... be contractors, friends of the sentient find two faults with contractualism: (1) The concerns of the contractors for nonrational beings will be indirect (presumably because their concerns are the concerns of and for like-natured beings); and (2) Contractors will not agree to the practical measures...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 536–541.
Published: 01 October 2018
... and Epistemology is a broad, impressive, and interesting collection of essays on the nature of implicit bias. It presents various views on the kind of cognitive states that underlie implicit bias; how to interpret the results of methodological tools that purport to measure implicit bias; the relation...