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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 539–572.
Published: 01 October 2002
...Talbot Brewer Cornell University 2002 The Philosophical Review, Vol. 111, No. 4 (October 2002) Maxims and Virtues Talbot Brewer Perhaps the most fundamental and distinctive idea of Kantian moral psychology is that no behavior...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (3): 459–490.
Published: 01 July 2023
...W. Clark Wolf Kant’s formula of universal law (FUL) is standardly understood as a test of the moral permissibility of an agent’s maxim: maxims that pass the test are morally neutral, and so permissible, while those that do not are morally impermissible. In contrast, this article argues that the FUL...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (1): 1–30.
Published: 01 January 2010
...Rachael Briggs It is a platitude among decision theorists that agents should choose their actions so as to maximize expected value. But exactly how to define expected value is contentious. Evidential decision theory (henceforth EDT), causal decision theory (henceforth CDT), and a theory proposed...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (3): 255–291.
Published: 01 July 2019
...Sarah Moss This paper defends an account of full belief, including an account of its relationship to credence. Along the way, I address several familiar and difficult questions about belief. Does fully believing a proposition require having maximal confidence in it? Are rational beliefs closed...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (4): 525–560.
Published: 01 October 2003
... of the Categorical Imperative are in fact equivalent, I 525 ELIJAH MILLGRAM will be focusing only on the first, namely, on Kant’s insistence that one act only according to maxims of which one can at the same time will that they become universal laws.2 So...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (1): 63–114.
Published: 01 January 2005
... is perfectly aware that some kind of formal argument will be needed to establish his position. For instance, at the beginning of part 1, he states that in order to call a human being evil, we must be able to infer a priori from her actions an evil maxim, and consequently an evil common grounding of all her...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 515–519.
Published: 01 October 2019
... novel reading of Fichte’s ethics. Fichte emerges here as a consequentialist who holds that actions are morally right to the extent that they contribute to the end of maximizing material freedom. Kosch has good reasons for putting this part of her interpretation front and center and developing...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (2): 270–272.
Published: 01 April 2001
... familiar with the set of four maxims put forward as a moraleparprovision in the Discourse. The tendency is to treat this mmule as a stop-gap measure meant simply to carry one through a period of skeptical inquiry. Once that inquiry has run its course, the standard reading goes, we will not only...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (1): 41–71.
Published: 01 January 2018
... him to have an excuse). Moreover, her judgment that Harry's tactical voting is not W makes her not blame him for tactical voting. Second, according to substantive radical interpretation, the correct interpretation is the one that makes Sally maximally reason-responsive, and so in particular must...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 107–109.
Published: 01 January 2000
... that concur- rence and resemblance are metaphysically prior to the notions of individual and universal, respectively. He then proposes that an individual be identified with a maximal set of concurrent tropes and that a universal be identified with a maximal set of resembling tropes. Socrates...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 173–204.
Published: 01 April 2014
... morality] was to bring out with fresh force and vividness the difference between the maxims of Common Sense Morality…and the intuitions which I had already attained” ( Sidgwick 1981 [1907] , xxi–xxii). 33. For example, Broad (1971 [1953], 264) writes that “on any view, one important prima...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 176–180.
Published: 01 January 2021
.... This concludes Breckenridge's positive support for adverbialism. When we say (1), then, what exactly is the way we are claiming your visual experience occurs? Breckenridge's answer is: “the maximally specific way w such that it is generically true that looking events whose stimulus is gray occur in way w...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (4): 651–656.
Published: 01 October 2020
... in incorporating them into his maxims. He indeed incorporates the moral law into those maxims, together with the law of self-love; since, however, he realizes that the two cannot stand on an equal footing, but one must be subordinated to the other as its supreme condition, he makes the incentives of self-love...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 484–489.
Published: 01 July 2020
... that Imp 0 is outside, it maximizes expected accuracy (under that assumption) to switch to credence 1 that Imp 0 is outside—the original credal state is not ratifiable. Although there is much to learn from Joyce’s careful discussion, there’s reason to worry about both the details and the big picture...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (2): 159–191.
Published: 01 April 2008
... then, thanks in no small part to Urmson, although his own rule-utilitarian interpretation of Mill has not been widely accepted.5 The standard view of Mill’s moral theory today still attributes to him a maximizing act-consequentialist moral theory despite 4. J. O. Urmson, “The Interpretation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (4): 529–578.
Published: 01 October 2023
... that belong to the extension of the truth predicate defined by the van Fraassen hierarchy. Motivated extensions of our theory yield results for the truth predicates defined by Andrea Cantini’s ( 1990 ) supervaluational hierarchy and the maximally consistent hierarchy first discussed by Saul Kripke ( 1975...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (2): 311–315.
Published: 01 April 2021
... moralistic” (2), requiring agents to step back from each and every judgment so to scrutinize its grounds. On Merritt's account, Kant's ideal reflective agent judges “in the right spirit” or “right frame of mind,” where this ultimately means following the three maxims of the healthy understanding (52...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (4): 603–632.
Published: 01 October 2007
..., it would not in general be the case that the allo- cation of the x’s between x1 and x2 would be even. Rather, the allocation would be determined by maximizing the individuals’ W functions.12 Let x1* and x2* denote the amounts of each type of x that each individual would receive under the w...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 94–98.
Published: 01 January 2000
... view that the value of a world is measured by its degree of rational or intelligible order has nothing to do with Pangloss’s stupefylng optimism. What God maximizes in the creation of this world is an intel- lectual good, not creature comforts, but this does not mean that God ig- nores human...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2024) 133 (2): 197–202.
Published: 01 April 2024
... Ground, and (3) the Most Real Being. Start with the Supreme Principle. In the introduction to the Dialectic, Kant describes a transition from the “Logical Maxim” of Reason (“P1” in Grier 2001), which requires that we find the totality of conditions for conditioned cognitions, to the “Supreme...