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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2003) 112 (2): 191–214.
Published: 01 April 2003
... utterance occurs” (2002, 532 n. 37). If a context is a localized environment in which an utterance occurs, then, as Salmon would say (2002, 507), Frege is indeed “nowhere to be found” in a con- text that includes you and me and 3 p.m. on 29 June 2003 and Bar Ita- lia. I think that, given this notion of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2019) 128 (1): 1–61.
Published: 01 January 2019
... epistemic modality semantics local contexts connectives attitudes conditionals quantifiers Moore (1942) observed that there is something wrong with asserting a sentence like (1): 1 (1) #It's raining but I don't know it's raining. Generally speaking, Moore sentences with the form ⌜p...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2008) 117 (3): 458–462.
Published: 01 July 2008
...Richard Healey Mathias Frisch, Inconsistency, Asymmetry, and Non-Locality: A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics . New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. viii + 212 pp. Cornell University 2008 Belot, Gordon. 2007 . “Is Classical Electrodynamics an Inconsistent...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2018) 127 (3): 408–413.
Published: 01 July 2018
... everyone accepts, and so on, ad infinitum. CG determines a context: a set of worlds compatible with it. The basic goal of inquiry is to shrink this set, eliminating uncertainty about how things are. Also key is the notion of a derived context , a local context that can be operative locally, at various...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2009) 118 (2): 261–266.
Published: 01 April 2009
...Steven Gross Stewart Shapiro, Vagueness in Context. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. xiv + 226 pp. Cornell University 2009 BOOK REVIEWS Aaron V. Garrett, Meaning in Spinoza’s Method. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. xii + 240 pp. The...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2008) 117 (4): 525–554.
Published: 01 October 2008
...) may also be shifted by operators in the representation language. Indeed verbs that create hyperintensional contexts, like `think', are treated as operators that simultaneously shift the world and assignment parameters. By contrast, metaphysical modal operators shift the world of assessment only. Names...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2012) 121 (3): 359–406.
Published: 01 July 2012
...Paolo Santorio According to the orthodox account developed by Kaplan, indexicals like I, you , and now invariably refer to elements of the context of speech. This essay argues that the orthodoxy is wrong. I, you , and the like are shifted by certain modal operators and hence can fail to refer to...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2010) 119 (2): 135–163.
Published: 01 April 2010
... Leibniz's guiding analogy of a geometrical packing or tiling problem may be applied to solve the puzzle of incompossibility in the context of finite and infinite worlds composed of extended corporeal substances. Finally, the fourth section shows how the strategy of Leibniz's packing analogy might be applied...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2014) 123 (2): 131–171.
Published: 01 April 2014
... that is to be paid for this theory is a strong dependency of belief on the context, where a context involves both the agent's degree of belief function and the partitioning or individuation of the underlying possibilities. But as this essay argues, that price seems to be affordable. This essay develops...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2018) 127 (2): 151–196.
Published: 01 April 2018
... Klinedinst Nathan , 121 – 45 . New York : Palgrave Macmillan . Schiffer Stephen 2005 . “ Russell's Theory of Definite Descriptions .” Mind, n.s. , 114 ( 456 ): 1135 – 83 . Schlenker Philippe 2009 . “ Local Contexts .” Semantics and Pragmatics 2 ( 3 ): 1 – 78...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2009) 118 (3): 325–349.
Published: 01 July 2009
... second: it treats if as a doubly shifty operator. Take each in turn. It is a well-worn fact that, at least for some sentences, truth values at an index depend also on features of context. Call a sentence of our lan- guage L locally context dependent just in case it is possible that its truth...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2000) 109 (3): 465–469.
Published: 01 July 2000
... contexts, or between global and local contexts (129, 236, 279 Normative unity does not suffice for a unified consciousness, however, since the contents of two distinct con- sciousnesses can be rationally integrated with one another-in the case of a global duplication of content, for example...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2018) 127 (4): 433–485.
Published: 01 October 2018
... object satisfies an epistemically modalized predicate in a given context c depends on how the domain of quantification in c is thought of in c . Or, to put it in Fregean terms, whether an object is possibly thus-and-so (in the epistemic sense of ‘possibly’) depends on the mode of presentation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2016) 125 (1): 83–134.
Published: 01 January 2016
... conveying information in indirect ways—for example, by conversational implicature. But I argue that what is said by an utterance, in a particular context, depends directly on the QUD that is addressed in that context. As a consequence, the lying-misleading distinction is sensitive to the information...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2012) 121 (2): 277–284.
Published: 01 April 2012
... features of functionalist models. The first is the phenom- enon of multiple realization: a given functional organization can typically be realized by a wide diversity of underlying structures or processes. Second is the importance of systemic context: the ability of a structure X to realize a given role...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2013) 122 (4): 577–617.
Published: 01 October 2013
.... The essay also compares the framework defended with an alternative account of similar phenomena by Kai Wehmeier. © 2013 by Cornell University 2013 The features of context on which the interpretation of a term or sentence depends can be either shiftable or unshiftable by operators in whose...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2015) 124 (2): 207–253.
Published: 01 April 2015
... de re ascription. The essay is organized as follows. In section 2, I review the traditional de dicto / de re distinction as it arises for attitude contexts and review the classic idea of analyzing it as an ambiguity of scope. In section 3, I explain why the textbook Fregean view has trouble...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2007) 116 (4): 533–562.
Published: 01 October 2007
... believe to be a novel criticism of particularism: that without the notion of stable strength values for practical reasons—values they keep from context to context—there does not seem to be any coher- ent notion of the strength of a reason even in a particular context.16 But let us put this issue...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2008) 117 (2): 310–313.
Published: 01 April 2008
..., given (a), I have first-person authority toward all and only those of my states that are conscious. (d) My expressive self-ascriptions help to constitute the context within which those thoughts or feelings occur; and those thoughts or feelings are what they are partly by virtue of occurring in...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2008) 117 (2): 275–287.
Published: 01 April 2008
...-designating singular terms in modal contexts. (b) From (a), that those occurrences are not purely referential. (c) From (b), that variables in the same position are not purely referential. (d) From (c), that the notion of objectual satisfaction is...