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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (3): 359–406.
Published: 01 July 2012
...Paolo Santorio According to the orthodox account developed by Kaplan, indexicals like I, you , and now invariably refer to elements of the context of speech. This essay argues that the orthodoxy is wrong. I, you , and the like are shifted by certain modal operators and hence can fail to refer...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 525–554.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Samuel Cumming Variabilism is the view that proper names (like pronouns) are semantically represented as variables. Referential names, like referential pronouns, are assigned their referents by a contextual variable assignment (Kaplan 1989). The reference parameter (like the world of evaluation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 547–551.
Published: 01 October 2017
...Jonathan Michael Kaplan Sober Elliott , Ockham's Razors: A User's Manual . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2015 . x + 314 pp . © 2017 by Cornell University 2017 What, precisely, does Ockham's razor recommend that we believe, and (why) ought we follow it? In Ockham's...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 497–537.
Published: 01 October 2002
...- tum leap in David Kaplan’s remarkable work, especially in his master- piece “Demonstratives” together with its companion “Afterthoughts.”1 In contrast to the direct-reference propensities of these two contempo- rary figures, Gottlob Frege, with his uncompromisingly thoroughgoing intensionalism...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (2): 191–214.
Published: 01 April 2003
.... ____. 1980 . Translations from the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege . 3rd ed. 1952. Ed. Peter T. Geach and Max Black. Oxford: Blackwell. ____. 1997 . The Frege Reader . Ed. Michael Beaney. Oxford: Blackwell. Kaplan, David. 1989a . Demonstratives: An Essay on the Semantics, Logic, Metaphysics...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 459–462.
Published: 01 July 2002
...Tomis Kapitan François Recanati, Oratio Obliqua, Oratio Recta: An Essay on Metarepresentation. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000. Pp. xviii, 360. Cornell University 2002 Davidson, Donald. 1968 . On saying that. Synthese 19 : 130 -46. Kaplan, David. 1989 . Demonstratives...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 473–478.
Published: 01 July 2002
... of a general term φ. We want to represent such use with the help of our operator ‘M’. What is the right seman- tics for this operator of ours? Here Stern invokes the familiar two-pass semantic framework Kaplan devel- oped in his classic papers on demonstratives. A context c is a combination of parameter...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (2): 251–266.
Published: 01 April 2007
..., and an attack on what he regards as a counterrevolution that is attempting to resurrect the view that was dominant prior to the shift in a new and more sophisticated form. The shift was “the Kripkean revolution,” led by Saul Kripke in Naming and Necessity, assisted by David Kaplan, Hilary Putnam...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 371–374.
Published: 01 July 2014
...). This is very close to Davidson's (1984 [1973]) treatment, as well as to Kaplan's (1989) idea of character . The novel part is the idea of the reflexive content of a particular utterance u : for (1), it is the content that the speaker of u has a broken arm . There is an intuitive difference between...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (2): 207–253.
Published: 01 April 2015
..., Rigidity, and Quantification in Epistemic Logic .” In Trends in Logic, Outstanding Contributions: Johan F.A.K. van Benthem on Logical and Informational Dynamics , ed. Baltag A. and Smets S. , 591 – 629 . Switzerland : Springer . Kaplan, David. 1964. “Foundations of Intensional Logic...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (3): 373–378.
Published: 01 July 2022
... the mechanism by which it is secured is analogous to the result of subsuming descriptive pictorial content to a Kaplanian “dthat” operator (Kaplan 1989: 521). In fact, referential and attributives uses may be associated with different parts of the same picture. These split-use pictures can express full...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 462–465.
Published: 01 July 2002
... which Kaplan’s The- sis does not hold. TOMIS KAPITAN Northern Illinois University References Davidson, Donald. 1968. On saying that. Synthese 19:130–46. Kaplan, David. 1989. Demonstratives. In Themes...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 99–117.
Published: 01 January 2008
.... Cornell University 2007 Kaplan, David. 1989 . “Demonstratives.” In Themes from Kaplan , ed. Joseph Almog, John Perry, Howard Wettstein. New York: Oxford University Press. King, Jeffrey C. 1999 . “Are Complex `That' Phrases Devices of Direct Reference?” Noûs 33 : 155 -82. ____. 2001...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (3): 395–404.
Published: 01 July 2003
... . Epistemic Operators. Journal of Philosophy 67 : 1007 -23. Evnine, Simon. 1999 . Believing Conjunctions. Synthese 118 : 201 -27. Foley, Richard. 1992 . The Epistemology of Belief and the Epistemology of Degrees of Belief. American Philosophical Quarterly 29 : 111 -24. Kaplan, Mark...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (3): 427–440.
Published: 01 July 2007
...—that represents how the content of that expression varies according to context (see Kaplan 1989). Now when deciding between various candidate inter- pretations for a linguistic community, we will have to choose among vari- ous candidate functions that purport to represent how the expression’s content...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (2): 314–316.
Published: 01 April 2008
... the received view that names are rigid designators which are neither synonymous with, nor have their reference determined by, definite descriptions. In addi- tion to these lessons from Kripke, direct reference theorists like Kaplan also think that the sole truth-conditional contribution of a name is its...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 97–143.
Published: 01 January 2021
... for parentheticals that draws on a proposal inaugurated by David Kaplan (2004) and formally refined by Daniel Gutzmann (2015). Central to this semantics is a distinction between terms that are DESCRIPTIVE and EXPRESSIVE. Descriptive expressions contribute to truth-conditions. Truth-con- ditional meaning, or t...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (3): 397–420.
Published: 01 July 2001
...: Collected Works. Dordrecht: Kluwer. Jolley, Kelly Dean, and Michael Watkins. 1998 . “What Is It Like to Be a Phenomenologist?” Philosophical Quarterly 48 : 204 -9. Kaplan, David. 1989 . “Demonstratives: An Essay on the Semantics, Logic, Metaphysics, and Epistemology of Demonstratives and Other...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (1): 59–117.
Published: 01 January 2015
... predicate expressions. Frege thought that names have descriptive, predicative conditions “associated” with them. 8 Despite this, Frege—like Mill before him and Kripke and Kaplan after him—thought that names were not predicates but referring expressions, by which I mean expressions with an individual...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (4): 449–485.
Published: 01 October 2006
... Conditionals.” Philosophical Review 88 : 565 -89. ____. 1987 . Conditionals . Oxford: Blackwell. Jeffreys, Harold. 1961 . Theory of Probability. 3rd ed. Oxford: Clarendon. Kaplan, Mark. 1981a . “Rational Acceptance.” Philosophical Studies 40 : 129 -45. ____. 1981b . “A Bayesian...