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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (3): 359–406.
Published: 01 July 2012
...Paolo Santorio According to the orthodox account developed by Kaplan, indexicals like I, you , and now invariably refer to elements of the context of speech. This essay argues that the orthodoxy is wrong. I, you , and the like are shifted by certain modal operators and hence can fail to refer to...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 525–554.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Samuel Cumming Variabilism is the view that proper names (like pronouns) are semantically represented as variables. Referential names, like referential pronouns, are assigned their referents by a contextual variable assignment (Kaplan 1989). The reference parameter (like the world of evaluation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 547–551.
Published: 01 October 2017
...Jonathan Michael Kaplan Sober turns in the next chapter (“Parsimony in Psychology—Chimpanzee Mind-Reading”) to debates over how to interpret particular kinds of behavior in chimps. Is it more parsimonious to assume that chimpanzees are capable of representing the mental states of others (“mind...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 497–537.
Published: 01 October 2002
...- tum leap in David Kaplan’s remarkable work, especially in his master- piece “Demonstratives” together with its companion “Afterthoughts.”1 In contrast to the direct-reference propensities of these two contempo- rary figures, Gottlob Frege, with his uncompromisingly thoroughgoing intensionalism...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 459–462.
Published: 01 July 2002
...Tomis Kapitan François Recanati, Oratio Obliqua, Oratio Recta: An Essay on Metarepresentation. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000. Pp. xviii, 360. Cornell University 2002 Davidson, Donald. 1968 . On saying that. Synthese 19 : 130 -46. Kaplan, David. 1989 . Demonstratives. In...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (2): 191–214.
Published: 01 April 2003
.... ____. 1980 . Translations from the Philosophical Writings of Gottlob Frege . 3rd ed. 1952. Ed. Peter T. Geach and Max Black. Oxford: Blackwell. ____. 1997 . The Frege Reader . Ed. Michael Beaney. Oxford: Blackwell. Kaplan, David. 1989a . Demonstratives: An Essay on the Semantics, Logic, Metaphysics...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 371–374.
Published: 01 July 2014
...Peter Pagin References Davidson Donald 1984 [1973] . “ Radical Interpretation .” In Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation , 125 – 39 . Oxford : Clarendon Press (originally published in Dialectica 27: 313–28) . Kaplan David 1989 . “ Demonstratives .” In Themes...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 473–478.
Published: 01 July 2002
... basic case of metaphor is the metaphorical use of a general term φ. We want to represent such use with the help of our operator ‘M’. What is the right seman- tics for this operator of ours? Here Stern invokes the familiar two-pass semantic framework Kaplan devel- oped in his classic papers on...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (2): 251–266.
Published: 01 April 2007
... attack on what he regards as a counterrevolution that is attempting to resurrect the view that was dominant prior to the shift in a new and more sophisticated form. The shift was “the Kripkean revolution,” led by Saul Kripke in Naming and Necessity, assisted by David Kaplan, Hilary Putnam, and...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (3): 462–465.
Published: 01 July 2002
... arena within which Kaplan’s The- sis does not hold. TOMIS KAPITAN Northern Illinois University References Davidson, Donald. 1968. On saying that. Synthese 19:130–46. Kaplan, David. 1989. Demonstratives...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (2): 314–316.
Published: 01 April 2008
... the received view that names are rigid designators which are neither synonymous with, nor have their reference determined by, definite descriptions. In addi- tion to these lessons from Kripke, direct reference theorists like Kaplan also think that the sole truth-conditional contribution of a name...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (2): 207–253.
Published: 01 April 2015
... question: what should the semantic analysis of this kind of reading look like from a Fregean perspective—a perspective according to which attitude states are generally relations to structured Fregean thoughts, themselves composed of senses? The question was broached by Kaplan (1968) , who sketched...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 99–117.
Published: 01 January 2008
.... Cornell University 2007 Kaplan, David. 1989 . “Demonstratives.” In Themes from Kaplan , ed. Joseph Almog, John Perry, Howard Wettstein. New York: Oxford University Press. King, Jeffrey C. 1999 . “Are Complex `That' Phrases Devices of Direct Reference?” Noûs 33 : 155 -82. ____. 2001...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (3): 395–404.
Published: 01 July 2003
... . Epistemic Operators. Journal of Philosophy 67 : 1007 -23. Evnine, Simon. 1999 . Believing Conjunctions. Synthese 118 : 201 -27. Foley, Richard. 1992 . The Epistemology of Belief and the Epistemology of Degrees of Belief. American Philosophical Quarterly 29 : 111 -24. Kaplan, Mark...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (3): 427–440.
Published: 01 July 2007
...-dependent expression, there will be a function from contexts to semantic values—call this its character—that represents how the content of that expression varies according to context (see Kaplan 1989). Now when deciding between various candidate inter- pretations for a linguistic community, we will...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 97–143.
Published: 01 January 2021
... Linguistics 5: 193–210 . Jary, Mark. 2010. Assertion. New York: Palgrave Macmillan . Kaplan, David. 1989. “Demonstratives.” In Themes from Kaplan, edited by Joseph Almog, John Perry, and Howard Wettstein, 481–563. Oxford: Oxford University Press . Kaplan, David. 2004. “The Meaning of Ouch and Oops...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (3): 432–434.
Published: 01 July 2004
... an expression without relevant referential devices. After yet another modification of his view on page 48, when an actuality operator enters the stage, the discussion of anaphoric pronouns is suddenly abandoned, and the book proceeds with the apparently unrelated criticism of Kaplan’s views about...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (3): 450–453.
Published: 01 July 2000
... criticisms of Chis- holm’s epistemology by Mark Kaplan and Alvin Plantinga. Chisholm’s own response to Foley’s essay includes an intriguing defense of his epistemic principles as normative, necessary truths. Keith Lehrer (“The Quest for the Evident”) carefully follows Chisholm’s definition of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (2): 243–258.
Published: 01 April 2002
...William H. Hanson Cornell University 2002 Hanson, William H. 1997 . “The Concept of Logical Consequence.” Philosophical Review 106 : 365 -409. ____. 1999 . “Ray on Tarski on Logical Consequence.” Journal of Philosophical Logic 28 : 607 -18. Kaplan, David. 1979 . “On the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (1): 126–132.
Published: 01 January 2017
...). Relatedly, we seem unable, within a ‘knowledge’ ascription, to make the relevant context sensitivity itself explicit: “Given our presuppositions, I know that p ,” for instance, looks defective (129). Nor is this anomalous, since “there are a large number of indexicals [specifically, what Kaplan calls ‘pure...