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judgment aggregation

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (3): 341–396.
Published: 01 July 2016
... constrained by the epistemic status of the beliefs of their individual members. © 2016 by Cornell University 2016 epistemic justification group belief justified group belief collective epistemology judgment aggregation Groups are often said to believe things. 1 For instance, we talk about...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (2): 230–235.
Published: 01 April 2022
... the persisting agent over time, where the weights are determined by sacrifices made by local selves, psychological connectedness, and the degree of shared values. A key move in Pettigrew’s argument for U G is to treat the rationality of choosing for changing selves as a judgment aggregation problem, where...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (1): 1–43.
Published: 01 January 2013
.... This suggestion does not deliver a global constraint on legit- imate judgment aggregation procedures.23 But knowledge preservation 22. I am grateful to an anonymous referee for prompting me to discuss each topic covered in this section. 23. In some cases, unanimous judgments of probabilistic...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (1): 1–30.
Published: 01 January 2010
... decision theory is best. 6. No Adequate Decision Theory Advocates of the judgment aggregation approach to voting, in the tra- dition of Arrow 1951, hold that adequate voting procedures must satisfy certain formal principles. For instance, if a voting procedure is aimed at reaching a democratic...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (4): 583–587.
Published: 01 October 2021
... (149), the generality of law when applied to particular circumstances (150), and instances when existing law must be supplemented (156). Duke acknowledges that in practice it will be very difficult for jurors to come to correct judgments of equity as the legislative expert or spoudaios would (157...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (4): 551–553.
Published: 01 October 2005
...), the sources of unfreedom (how particular instances of unfreedom are caused), and—what Kramer sees as the book’s ultimate aim—the way in which particular freedoms should be aggregated so as to arrive at judgments 551 BOOK REVIEWS about...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (2): 253–271.
Published: 01 April 2005
... social preferences into some common social judgment about the value of states. 3. Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem Social choice theory studies the possibilities for aggregating individual preferences into social preferences via formal principles that satisfy compelling desiderata. The most important...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 371–398.
Published: 01 July 2018
... judgments regularly involve a quantitative dimension: C is a more effective cause of E than C ′, the causal effect of C on E is twice as high as the effect of C ′, and so on (e.g., Rubin 1974 ; Rosenbaum and Rubin 1983 ; Pearl 2001 ). Principled proposals for explicating causal strength are rare...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 536–541.
Published: 01 October 2018
... result from and affect both careful, deliberative judgments and quick, casual inferences of various sorts, so we cannot circumscribe the problem of implicit bias in any neat way. This suggests, as Jennifer Saul maintains, that implicit bias likely affects the evaluation of philosophy students...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (2): 315–319.
Published: 01 April 2021
.... Chapter 1 develops the key concept of “tethered value”: “Everything that is important is important to someone” (15). On this view, value is irreducibly “perspective-dependent” (168): it is not “impersonal,” and the good cannot be aggregated. Tethered value implies that judgments of comparative value...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (1): 1–34.
Published: 01 January 2016
... One well-known difficulty for idealist interpretations is that Leibniz often suggests that bodies are “aggregates” of substances and that substances are “in” bodies, and it is difficult to make sense of how bodies could be aggregates of substances and how substances could be in bodies if bodies...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (2): 279–286.
Published: 01 April 2015
..., may be discovered by a holistic and “dialectical approach to moral beliefs and moral theory” (864; also 148, 489–92). One assumption of this metaethical view is that moral judgments “express knowledge of objective facts just as much as any other judgments do” (865). Irwin appears...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 403–408.
Published: 01 July 2018
... of justification. While Kreines does not deny that Hegel may also be making epistemological claims in his philosophy, he insists for reasons of systematic unity that metaphysics must be the more fundamental issue, the organizing focus, lest Hegel's system become merely an aggregate of various unrelated...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (2): 207–245.
Published: 01 April 2011
...: The State of the Art to 1980.” In Judgments under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases , ed. Daniel Kahnemann and Amos Tversky, 306 –34. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Maher, Patrick. 2002 . “Joyce's Argument for Probabilism.” Philosophy of Science 69 , no. 1 : 73 –81. Murphy, A. H...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (3): 337–393.
Published: 01 July 2013
... difficult time accommodating trade-offs. This leads to what I consider to be one of the deepest challenges for nonteleological/nonconsequentialist theories in ethics: how to include an aggregative element in one's theory, so as to allow for trade-offs in some cases, without that aggregative element...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (2): 147–190.
Published: 01 April 2017
... cognition rather than for arithmetic. Kant's theoretical philosophy includes a deep engagement with natural science and mathematics; at the same time, there are rather ordinary cognitions that Kant's theoretical philosophy also explains, such as employing the number seven in a judgment about the number...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 353–392.
Published: 01 July 2015
... to this view, which this essay calls the “diary model,” one's memory ordinarily serves as a means for one's present self to gain evidence about one's past judgments, and in turn about the truth. This essay rejects the diary model's analogy between memory and testimony from one's former self, arguing first...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (1): 31–88.
Published: 01 January 2004
... 15.10.61). Suárez refers the reader back to an earlier discussion, where he had argued: The aggregation of multiple faculties or accidental forms in a simple sub- stantial subject is not enough for the constitution of a natural thing…. A form is required that, as it were, rules over all...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 251–280.
Published: 01 July 2014
.... E. 2008 . Love Thy Neighbor as Thyself . Oxford : Oxford University Press . Hanser M. 2005 . “Permissibility and Practical Inference.” Ethics 115 : 443 – 70 . Herman B. 1993 . The Practice of Moral Judgment . Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 342–354.
Published: 01 July 2014
... of the proper part of physics (such as Newton's first and third laws) are a priori, apodictically certain, and necessary because they can be proved by constructing the concepts of physics (along with further premises from general metaphysics, and analytic judgments)—and construction is the a priori...