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generality problem

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 463–509.
Published: 01 October 2019
...Jack C. Lyons The paper offers a solution to the generality problem for a reliabilist epistemology, by developing an “algorithm and parameters” scheme for type-individuating cognitive processes. Algorithms are detailed procedures for mapping inputs to outputs. Parameters are psychological variables...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 411–447.
Published: 01 October 2010
... into five sections. In section 1, it generalizes the one-half and one-third solutions to the Sleeping Beauty problem. In section 2, it argues that while the Generalized Halfer Principle is compatible with Countable Additivity (CA), the Generalized Thirder Principle (GTP) is not. In section 3, it argues...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 95–130.
Published: 01 January 2020
... for present actions are grounded in present or future desires. Futurist subjectivism promises to answer Parfit's Agony Argument , and it is motivated by natural extensions of some of the considerations that support subjectivism in general. However, it faces a problem: because which desires one will have...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (2): 209–239.
Published: 01 April 2012
... acts of deliberation thus leads to infinite regresses and related problems. As a consequence, there must be processes that are nondeliberative and nonvoluntary but that nonetheless allow us to think and act for reasons, and these processes must be the ones that generate the voluntary activities making...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (2): 183–223.
Published: 01 April 2009
... generally require one to act as others expect in order to coordinate one’s own actions with theirs. How- ever, as Stephen Schiffer (1972, 151) notes, communication presents problems of a rather different kind. Rather than problems of action coordination, the problems it presents require one to act...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (2): 277–284.
Published: 01 April 2012
...Robert Van Gulick In “Absent Qualia and the Mind-Body Problem,” Michael Tye (2006) presents an argument by which he claims to show the inconceivability of beings that are functionally equivalent to phenomenally conscious beings but lack any qualia. On that basis, he concludes that qualia can...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (2): 215–287.
Published: 01 April 2013
... the proper categorization of representational kinds; rather, it reflects my intention to rebut resemblance theories of pictorial represen- tation in general, no matter how conservative their domain of analysis. As I shall argue, the problems with resemblance theory are deep and system- atic and do...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 77–98.
Published: 01 January 2008
... to contexts of utterance, indices of evaluation, and—the new wrinkle—points of assessment. We dub such semantic analyses CIA theories.1 Our goal here is to catalogue some cen- tral problems that any CIA theory must solve. We begin by briefly sketch- ing a motivation for CIA theories and a generic...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (3): 301–343.
Published: 01 July 2017
...) that is such that if John tries to do it, he swims across the river. The essay argues that the act conditional analysis avoids the problems faced by existing accounts of agentive modality and shows how the act conditional analysis can be extended to an account of generic agentive modal claims. The upshot is a new vantage...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 1–43.
Published: 01 January 2021
... by Bayesian conditionalization, and second, a framework in which updating happens by Jeffrey conditionalization. The article spells out problems for both views, and then generalizes some of these to nonprobabilistic frameworks. The main theme of the discussion is that the epistemic import of a seeming...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (2): 263–298.
Published: 01 May 2021
... correspond to degrees of phenomenal similarity. This article argues that the standard framework is structurally inadequate and develops a new framework that is more powerful and flexible. The core problem for the standard framework is that it cannot capture precision structure : for example, consider...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 555–606.
Published: 01 October 2008
...Michael G. Titelbaum Can self-locating beliefs be relevant to non-self-locating claims? Traditional Bayesian modeling techniques have trouble answering this question because their updating rule fails when applied to situations involving contextsensitivity. This essay develops a fully general...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (1): 55–93.
Published: 01 January 2012
... , 1, then E confirms H2. But CP* is arguably somewhat ad hoc, and it’s not extensionally correct anyway. For one thing, we can generate cases with essentially the same problem as the case above even though pðH 2Þ , 1. For example, consider a case where, even though I don’t assign...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (4): 548–550.
Published: 01 October 2005
... deviance is a general problem faced by philosophical theories that try to account in causal terms for things as diverse as perception, knowledge, rep- resentation, and action. Against all these theories, there is a simple “master rec- ipe” to generate potential counterexamples. Enç’s version...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (2): 169–198.
Published: 01 April 2006
... generally, metanormative problems will emerge from the philosophy of action. What we need, so the thought goes, is to better understand what action and agency consist in. With this under- standing in hand, we will then have all that we need in order to give a philosophical account of reasons...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (3): 431–433.
Published: 01 July 2001
... if not undertaken carefully. Despite its many virtues, I am not convinced that Warnke’s discussion manages to steer clear of them all. One persistent problem with such approaches is a kind of backsliding into the more familiar political project of using philosophical analysis to resolve complicated...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (3): 453–456.
Published: 01 July 2000
... to be included within the relevant S, rather than (external) conditions on knowing (or being justified in believing) S. If he surrenders these as- sumptions, then the argument from perceptual relativity reduces to the general problem that inductive reasoning is non-monotonic and the rele- vant...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (3): 427–440.
Published: 01 July 2007
.... Robert G. Williams makes trouble for this package. In section 1 I describe some cases that reinforce Williams’s misgivings. In section 2 I note a general problem that affl icts the Lewisian vision. In section 3 I offer a few con- structive suggestions concerning how the “crazy interpretation...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 576–578.
Published: 01 October 2002
... text on conscience and synderesis illustrates a general problem facing the editors. Despite the salutary rise in mainstream Anglo- American philosophical interest in medieval philosophy throughout the last half-century, coverage of medieval philosophy in English translation is dismay- ingly spotty...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (4): 558–561.
Published: 01 October 2017
... for moral responsibility in humans. Her libertarianism is a principled philosophical response to a very general problem about freedom. I want to close with a question about the principled response. In the cetology chapter of Moby-Dick , Ishmael famously defines a whale as “a spouting fish...