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fairness

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 664–667.
Published: 01 October 2013
...Helena de Bres James Aaron , Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy . New York : Oxford University Press , 2012 . xiii+366 pp. © 2013 by Cornell University 2013 For the past decade, in a series of interconnected papers, Aaron James has been developing...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (2): 169–206.
Published: 01 April 2015
...Tim Henning Many authors in ethics, economics, and political science endorse the Lottery Requirement, that is, the following thesis: where different parties have equal moral claims to one indivisible good, it is morally obligatory to let a fair lottery decide which party is to receive the good...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 618–620.
Published: 01 October 2002
...Thaddeus Metz John Rawls, Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Edited by Erin Kelly. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001. Pp. xviii, 214. Cornell University 2002 BOOK REVIEWS This sort of difficulty has sometimes led to a kind of “hypothetical...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (4): 633–637.
Published: 01 October 2023
...Kimberly Kessler Ferzan kferzan@law.upenn.edu Brink David O. , Fair Opportunity and Responsibility . Oxford : Clarendon Press , 2021 . 426 pp. © 2023 by Cornell University 2023 Fair Opportunity and Responsibility sets forth an overarching normative vision...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 609–611.
Published: 01 October 2001
...-neutral reasons. Myers’s core idea about morality is that of fair cooperation in the promotion of the general good. Despite its consequentialist affinity, this approach is incompatible with act consequentialism, which applies its requirement of beneficence directly to each of us, not via a limiting...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 1–41.
Published: 01 January 2014
... such that she considers each one individually fair or favorable (because its price is less than or equal to her degree of belief in the relevant proposition), and yet the whole set collectively guarantees her a loss. Since any rational agent views a guaranteed loss as neither fair nor favorable...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (2): 335–338.
Published: 01 April 2021
.... The first consists in paradoxes where an infinity of physical things cooperate to produce a paradoxical situation. The paradigm is the Grim Reaper paradox. The second type involves paradoxes of rationality that can occur in infinitistic situations. The paradigm is a fair countable lottery. The opening...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (3): 443–450.
Published: 01 July 2012
... to be persuaded by the DBA for Conditionalization, but not by the DBA for Reflection. The DBA for Reflection involves three bets, two of which are offered at t 0 and one of which is offered at t 1 iff Cr 1(A) ¼ r. The bets are designed so that all the bets offered will be considered fair by an agent...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 433–463.
Published: 01 July 2020
... Hiker, without tossing a coin, would be unfair to Victim. Ensuring fairness is something of such importance it is worth killing to achieve. Killing in problem cases can, then, be necessary after all. It can be necessary to ensure fairness. Call this the “Fairness Argument.” 6 The Fairness...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 616–618.
Published: 01 October 2002
... about a thoughtful and consistently entertaining book. KIERAN SETIYA University of Pittsburgh The Philosophical Review, Vol. 111, No. 4 (October 2002) John Rawls, Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Edited by Erin Kelly...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 527–575.
Published: 01 October 2013
... in fact have good reason to endorse the claim that probabilistic incoherence can be rational. The Dutch Book argument for PROBABILISM can be thought of as resting on the following three claims: Sure-loss Avoidance An agent ought to have credences that do not lead the agent to value as fair...
FIGURES
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 159–162.
Published: 01 January 2021
... in order to ground the duty to resist. Here one might wonder: Do different theories allow for different types and levels of uncivil resistance? For example, if the fair play account of political obligations shows that privileged citizens wrongly benefit from injustice, does it not follow that, as agents...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (4): 532–536.
Published: 01 October 2019
... was getting very little traction in the white moral imagination. Then Rawls's book comes along in the middle of it all and gives liberal political philosophy new life by arguing that the most crucial route to fairness and social justice is to do the opposite—forget identity, forget history...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (3): 337–382.
Published: 01 July 2011
.... But what grounds, then, are there for accepting it? As I see it, there are four distinct moti- vations for OIC. I call them “the fairness motivation,” “the morality-must- be-action-guiding motivation,” “the rational deliberation motivation,” and “the best explanation motivation,” respectively...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (2): 285–288.
Published: 01 April 2005
... it is unfair to tax any asset twice. Bush does not after all condemn sales and property tax. Nor is it only pol- iticians who take a shallow view on tax justice. The authors demonstrate that the ordinary presumption that the fairness of a tax code is revealed by the struc- ture of its marginal rates...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 244–247.
Published: 01 April 2014
... and technologies” (172). Higher-rated companies could market their goods with a ‘Fair Trade Bio’ label, much like the ‘Fair Trade’ labels that are currently used to market coffee and other consumer goods. Hassoun anticipates that this rating system could be the focus both of activism and of coordination...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (4): 575–578.
Published: 01 October 2015
... to other-regarding behavior: we are accountable to others if we act in ways that violate their legitimate expectations of us. In addition, he claims, the praise and blame of accountability are rewards and sanctions that must be justified as fair or deserved. Attributability, by contrast, is not restricted...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (3): 421–425.
Published: 01 July 2001
... at points in the argument that previously relied on claims about the requirements of rationality and the tendencies of human psychology. For example, Rawls previously claimed that the theory of justice as fairness was part of the theory of rational choice (47, 1st ed That claim has been...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (2): 253–271.
Published: 01 April 2005
... can care about engaging in certain actions for their own sake, or because they are morally or socially required; they may care about the fact that they are the ones acting to bring about some state, and so are responsible for it; they may care about achieving some favored state through a fair...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 411–447.
Published: 01 October 2010
... in which she falls asleep on Sunday night, and the number of times she subsequently awakens is determined by the toss of a fair coin. If the coin comes up heads, then she is awoken only on Monday morning, and after she falls asleep on Monday night, she remains asleep...