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externalism

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (2): 159–194.
Published: 01 April 2000
... -30. Reprinted in Alston 1989, 319-49.Page references are to reprint. ____. 1986b . “Internalism and Externalism in Epistemology.” Philosophical Topics 14 : 179 -221. Reprinted in Alston 1989, 185-226. Page references are to reprint. ____. 1988 . “The Deontological Conception of Epistemic...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (3): 395–431.
Published: 01 July 2020
... intuitively attractive theory. But these “bad ideology” cases do not merely yield intuitive verdicts that favor externalism over internalism. These cases are, moreover, analogous to precisely those canonical cases widely taken to be counterexamples to externalism: cases featuring brains-in-vats, clairvoyants...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (1): 33–61.
Published: 01 January 2005
...José L. Zalabardo Cornell University 2005 The Philosophical Review, Vol. 114, No. 1 (January 2005) Externalism, Skepticism, and the Problem of Easy Knowledge José L. Zalabardo 1. Bootstrapping We think that some...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2004) 113 (3): 435–437.
Published: 01 July 2004
...Michael Bergmann Laurence BonJour and Ernest Sosa, Epistemic Justification: Internalism vs. Externalism, Foundations vs. Virtues. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2003. Pp. vii, 240. Cornell University 2004 BOOK REVIEWS The Philosophical Review...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (3): 327–359.
Published: 01 July 2022
... externalism When one hallucinates a flying pig, one does not see a flying pig, because there are no flying pigs to be seen. But there is considerable pressure to admit that one nonetheless sees (or, at least, is aware of) some thing . That pressure can either be resisted, or else a suitable object...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2023) 132 (3): 459–490.
Published: 01 July 2023
.... The test contained in the FUL is meant to determine whether an action could be grounded solely on the agent’s maxim or whether it requires a cause external to the will. This account permits one to build eventual distinctions concerning the morality of actions on prior and independent distinctions...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (2): 205–239.
Published: 01 April 2016
...Jennifer Smalligan Marušić Locke seems to hold that we have knowledge of the existence of external objects through sensation. Two problems face Locke's account. The first problem concerns the logical form of knowledge of real existence. Locke defines knowledge as the perception of the agreement...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (4): 475–513.
Published: 01 October 2011
... character to representational content. Unlike other reductionist theories, however, it does not require the acceptance of phenomenal externalism (the view that phenomenal character does not supervene on the internal state of the subject). According to the view offered here, phenomenal characters essentially...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (2): 245–273.
Published: 01 April 2008
... foundationalism supposing that we infer an external world from secure knowledge of our own consciousness is almost exactly backward. Cornell University 2008 Aristotle. 1961 . De Anima , ed. W. D. Ross. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Armstrong, D. M. 1963 . “Is Introspective Knowledge Incorrigible...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 531–563.
Published: 01 October 2010
... the power of any idea derives from the power of its causes and because many ideas have external causes, there are no grounds for taking the intensity of conscious experience to track a mind's power closely. Rather, as the second group of remarks suggests, power in a human mind tracks the degree to which...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (2): 263–298.
Published: 01 May 2021
..., and deploy a new theoretical tool in the empirical investigation of consciousness. A noteworthy consequence of this new framework is that the structure of the mental qualities of conscious experiences is fundamentally different from the structure of the perceptible qualities of external objects. It may...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (3): 353–392.
Published: 01 July 2015
... by analogy to what we naively wish to say about testimony, or which instead attempt to extend to testimony the epistemically preservative role of memory. memory testimony internalism externalism extended mind basing relation rational explanation Is memory merely testimony from one's former...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 621–623.
Published: 01 October 2001
... and the epistemological claim that it is not possible to under- stand the nature of cognitive processes by focusing exclusively on what is occurring inside the skin of cognizing organisms (31). Chapter 3 is devoted to explaining how environmentalism differs from other forms of externalism about the mental...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (3): 317–354.
Published: 01 July 2006
... That is, on Spinoza’s understanding of those terms, their existence in space and time is not limited by external causes.21 Perfection, for Spinoza, is freedom from limitation by external causes.22 So infi nite modes enjoy a high degree of perfection. Human beings are subject to many limitations by external...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 583–586.
Published: 01 October 2000
... important, which repay close study. One of the best-worked-out parts of the book is chapter 2 on Williams on internal and external reasons. Hampton argues that commentators have failed to notice a distinction between two of Williams’s theses: (a) that any reason must be “deliberatively...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (1): 51–98.
Published: 01 January 2022
... problem concerning the defective character of acquisitive claims absent a shared will. See, e.g., MM 6:350: Without a “universal association of states,” “any rights of nations, and anything external that is mine or yours which states can acquire or retain by war, are merely provisional.” 48. We...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (4): 523–528.
Published: 01 October 2022
... to be used by linguistic communities. But just those marks could easily have not been used in this way” (32). Papineau views conscious sensory properties as similar: such properties need not represent at all; they are representational only in the context of contingent external circumstances. Chapter 2...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (3): 378–385.
Published: 01 July 2019
...-perceptual representation produced by an internal system that has the function of producing analogs of external items in response to those external items, then R represents the external item of which it is an analog. One purported benefit of CDAT is that it allows for “novel” contents since it allows items...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 642–645.
Published: 01 October 2000
.... This allows Vinci to interpret Descartes’s proofs of his own existence, of God, and of the external world as based on the same kind of inference found in the rule of truth. While this interpretation gives unity to the arguments in the Meditations, it has problems. Vinci’s case cannot even get off...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (1): 140–144.
Published: 01 January 2018
... be sortable (sec. 2.2.1). Sortable objects contrast with their environment. They are also continuous, connected, causally unified, and maximally intrinsic in certain respects. These conditions approximate a prohibition on “externality” (my term, not Sattig's). If the properties individuating an object...