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essence

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2002) 111 (2): 302–305.
Published: 01 April 2002
...Travis Butler David Charles, Aristotle on Meaning and Essence. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2000. Pp. ix, 410. Cornell University 2002 BOOK REVIEWS the epistemology of the later dialogues might properly described as “holistic” (though not in precisely the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2018) 127 (3): 279–322.
Published: 01 July 2018
...Shamik Dasgupta Much recent metaphysics is built around notions such as naturalness, fundamentality, grounding, dependence, essence, and others besides. In this article I raise a problem for this kind of metaphysics, the “problem of missing value.” I survey a number of possible solutions to the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2015) 124 (4): 441–480.
Published: 01 October 2015
... inexpressible ignorance. It then develops an alternative model that does better, on which the ignorance consists in a failure to identify something by way of its nature or essence. © 2015 by Cornell University 2015 absolute position essence ignorance know-wh quidditism Sometimes, ignorance is...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2016) 125 (2): 155–204.
Published: 01 April 2016
... respects (for example, modally or causally), it satisfies this independence-by-nature condition. © 2016 by Cornell University 2016 Descartes substance independence essence causation inherence Less celebrated than Descartes's contributions to epistemology, but no less significant, are...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2018) 127 (4): 515–518.
Published: 01 October 2018
... (i.e., whether it has an essence). At stage 2, she knows that S exists and seeks what its essence is. At stage 3, she knows what S is and seeks whether P belongs to it as one of its demonstrable attributes (i.e., whether it holds of S by necessity, or for the most part, without being part of its...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2013) 122 (2): 155–187.
Published: 01 April 2013
... what follows. 2.1. Two Seventeenth-Century Alternatives Descartes held that modal truths are true in virtue of essences (or “na- tures entities whose existence and features depend on God. To use his 3. By “truth-maker” I mean whatever entity or entities it is in virtue of which modal truths...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2004) 113 (1): 31–88.
Published: 01 January 2004
... primitive, one funda- mental feature of substantial forms was universally accepted by the scholastics: that the substantial form plays a part in the essence of a thing. The classic text is Aristotle, Physics 2.3, 194b27, which character- izes the formal cause as “the account of the essence.” Averroes...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2014) 123 (2): 234–238.
Published: 01 April 2014
... existence. It is common to interpret Descartes as holding that this supreme perfection constitutes God's essence. In chapter 1, Griffin makes an intriguing and original counterproposal: that Descartes treats omnipotence alone as God's principal or essential attribute, one from which all other divine...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2002) 111 (1): 98–101.
Published: 01 January 2002
... sympathetic to the idea that Aristotle devel- oped a causal theory of form or essence rather than a classificatory theory in Book Z, having published my own version of that interpretation a decade ago.2 Wedin’s interpretation makes an important contribution to the causal understanding of form. He does a...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2002) 111 (4): 594–597.
Published: 01 October 2002
... individual essences of objects are constituted only by intrinsic categor- ical properties, and it is possible for their dispositional properties to change without accompanying changes in their intrinsic categorical properties, then it would be possible for a particular object to remain the very same...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2016) 125 (1): 135–138.
Published: 01 January 2016
...Robert Howton The first three chapters set out the framework for Johansen's “naturalistic” interpretation. Johansen argues that DA occupies a foundational place in Aristotle's biology: in seeking “to gain knowledge of the soul by defining its essence” (9), DA seeks to identify the principles...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2006) 115 (3): 389–391.
Published: 01 July 2006
... something basic? Or are we? 391 BOOK REVIEWS Thomas Aquinas, who makes the concepts of existence and essence central to his metaphysics, has especially become the focus of modern discus- sion. Etienne Gilson, in Being and Some...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2006) 115 (3): 391–395.
Published: 01 July 2006
...? 391 BOOK REVIEWS Thomas Aquinas, who makes the concepts of existence and essence central to his metaphysics, has especially become the focus of modern discus- sion. Etienne Gilson, in Being and Some Philosophers,1 tried to show that Thomas added a crucial...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2006) 115 (3): 395–398.
Published: 01 July 2006
... distinctions stubbornly refuse to line up with ours. Are they missing something basic? Or are we? 391 BOOK REVIEWS Thomas Aquinas, who makes the concepts of existence and essence central to his metaphysics, has especially become the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2006) 115 (3): 399–403.
Published: 01 July 2006
... up with ours. Are they missing something basic? Or are we? 391 BOOK REVIEWS Thomas Aquinas, who makes the concepts of existence and essence central to his metaphysics, has especially become the focus of modern discus- sion...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2006) 115 (3): 404–408.
Published: 01 July 2006
... something basic? Or are we? 391 BOOK REVIEWS Thomas Aquinas, who makes the concepts of existence and essence central to his metaphysics, has especially become the focus of modern discus- sion. Etienne Gilson, in Being and Some...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2002) 111 (4): 589–594.
Published: 01 October 2002
.... Whether a given particular object, process, or trope is a member of a given substance kind, dynamic kind, or property kind is determined by whether the particular object, process, or trope possesses the causally intrinsic properties that are essential to the kind. (Note that kind essences are not the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2006) 115 (3): 317–354.
Published: 01 July 2006
... thus be understood as admitting of degrees. The more the power or essence of a thing explains its effects, the more power of acting it possesses. The more external causes help determine its effects, the less power of acting it has. Since power of acting is perfection, the more perfect a thing is...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2018) 127 (4): 519–523.
Published: 01 October 2018
... does not know which of the two alternatives is the better or truer” (AT VII.433). If the two-way thesis were transposed onto freedom, Descartes would relegate it to the lowest degree of worthiness, to “indifference [which] does not belong to the essence of human freedom” (AT VII.433; AT VII.58...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2015) 124 (3): 410–415.
Published: 01 July 2015
... abstraction, and the semantics of ground. The essay closes with a consideration of the relationship between essence and ground—yet another topic that is as much a source of controversy as it is of curiosity in the contemporary literature. In her “Varieties of Ontological Dependence,” Kathrin Koslicki...