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epistemic modals

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 433–485.
Published: 01 October 2018
...Dilip Ninan This essay presents a puzzle concerning the interaction of epistemic modals, singular terms, and quantifiers. The puzzle poses a number of problems for both static and dynamic theories of epistemic modals. The trouble arises because neither approach takes into account the fact...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (1): 45–92.
Published: 01 January 2013
...Malte Willer A dynamic semantics for epistemically modalized sentences is an attractive alternative to the orthodox view that our best theory of meaning ascribes to such sentences truth-conditions relative to what is known. This essay demonstrates that a dynamic theory about might and must offers...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 641–647.
Published: 01 October 2013
...Malte Willer Egan Andy and Weatherson Brian , eds., Epistemic Modality . New York : Oxford University Press , 2011 . vi+335 pp. © 2013 by Cornell University 2013 This is a long-anticipated collection of ten essays on epistemic modality by leading thinkers...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (3): 365–380.
Published: 01 July 2010
...Joseph Levine Type-B materialists (to use David Chalmers's jargon) claim that though zombies are conceivable, they are not metaphysically possible. This article calls this position regarding the relation between metaphysical and epistemic modalitymodal autonomism,” as opposed to the “modal...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (3): 359–406.
Published: 01 July 2012
... they are in the scope of epistemic modals or attitude verbs. The new view has two interesting philosophical consequences. First, it vindicates a broadly Fregean perspective on referential expressions, essentially refuting the idea that indexicals are rigid designators. Second, it suggests a new picture...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (1): 1–61.
Published: 01 January 2019
... and not p⌝ and ⌜Not p and might p⌝ are inconsistent? To make sense of this situation, I propose a new theory of epistemic modals that aims to account for their subtle embedding behavior and shed new light on the dynamics of information in natural language. A more substantial departure concerns order...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (1): 77–98.
Published: 01 January 2008
...Kai von Fintel; Anthony S. Gillies Epistemic modals are standardly taken to be context-dependent quantifiers over possibilities. Thus sentences containing them get truth-values with respect to both a context and an index. But some insist that this relativization is not relative enough: `might...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (1): 1–43.
Published: 01 January 2013
... of Personality and Social Psychology 30 ( 4 ): 510 – 7 . Edgington Dorothy . 1995 . “ On Conditionals .” Mind 104 ( 414 ): 235 – 329 . Egan Andy . 2007 . “ Epistemic Modals, Relativism, and Assertion .” Philosophical Studies 133 ( 1 ): 1 – 22 . Egan Andy Hawthorne...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 53–94.
Published: 01 January 2020
..., the same issue arises with simple epistemic modals. For example, given that Banksy's identity is currently unknown, an utterance of (26) is intuitively true if we have positive reasons to believe that Del Naja is the person responsible for Banksy's work. (26) Del Naja might be Banksy...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2019) 128 (3): 255–291.
Published: 01 July 2019
... on Numerical Expressions . Oxford : Oxford University Press . Dodd Dylan 2017 . “ Belief and Certainty .” Synthese 194 , no. 1 : 4597 – 4621 . Dorr Cian , and Hawthorne John 2012 . “ Embedding Epistemic Modals .” Mind 122 , no. 488 : 867 – 913 . Dowell...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 408–413.
Published: 01 July 2018
... stages of interpretation, but is derived from the CG-context (CGC) of the utterance. The interaction between these two is employed in accounting for attitude ascriptions (chap. 2), presupposition and projection (chaps. 3 and 4), self-location (chap. 5), epistemic modality (chap. 6), indicative...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 671–672.
Published: 01 October 2013
... Willer, Malte , Dynamics of Epistemic Modality         45 Belot, Gordon , Geometric Possibility reviewed by Jill North          522 Boonin, David , Should Race Matter? Unusual Answers to the Usual Questions reviewed by Laurence Thomas          647 Brock, Gillian , Global Justice...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (3): 307–339.
Published: 01 July 2016
... of the project of dynamic semantics. © 2016 by Cornell University 2016 probability conditionals epistemic modals subjective value dynamic semantics commutativity idempotence These principles have a ring of plausibility: The probability you assign the conditional “if A then B ” ought...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 139–144.
Published: 01 January 2020
... . Columbus : Ohio State University . Yalcin Seth 2007 . “ Epistemic Modals .” Mind 116 : 983 – 1026 . Yalcin Seth 2012 . “ A Counterexample to Modus Tollens .” Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 : 1001 – 24 . Moss Sarah , Probabilistic Knowledge . New York...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 97–143.
Published: 01 January 2021
.... To ease explanation, the unembed- ded is assimilated to the embedded by positing a covert operator.26 The view of Valentine Hacquard (2006, 2010) illustrates. To explain the differ- ence between epistemic and root modals, she makes modals relative to an event and has a sentence host a variety of event...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (3): 439–447.
Published: 01 July 2016
... relativism for a given area of discourse. The second part of the book (“Applications”) then argues in detail for a relativist treatment of a number of philosophically interesting expressions: taste predicates, knowledge ascriptions, future contingents, and epistemic and deontic modals. Although many...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2017) 126 (3): 301–343.
Published: 01 July 2017
... discussions related to the present proposal. 54. For recent work along structurally similar lines, see, among others, Cariani, Kaufmann, and Kaufmann 2013 and Cariani 2013 for related approaches to deontic modals; Moss 2015 on epistemic modals; Yalcin 2012 and Willer 2013 on attitude verbs...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (1): 35–82.
Published: 01 January 2016
.... This is obviously a toy semantics for modals. For an introduction to a developed formal semantics for modal operators, see von Fintel and Heim 2011 , as well as the classical papers in Kratzer 2012 . Epistemic modals, as I remarked in the introduction, have become one of the main battlefields for expressivism...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2022) 131 (1): 123–127.
Published: 01 January 2022
... the positive arguments for the material interpretation, based on the applicability of the conditional’s rules in classical logic to various real-life situations; conditionals’ interaction with epistemic modals and with quantifiers; the role of conditionals in thought experiments and their relationship...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2024) 133 (1): 87–91.
Published: 01 January 2024
... at that moment in the conversation, and whether ‘should’ is being used as a deontic or epistemic modal depends on what sort of possibility is most prominent. Stojnić innovates by grammaticalizing phenomena that others have taken to be part of the extralinguistic background to speech. Paralinguistic gestures...