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epistemic modality

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2013) 122 (1): 45–92.
Published: 01 January 2013
...Malte Willer A dynamic semantics for epistemically modalized sentences is an attractive alternative to the orthodox view that our best theory of meaning ascribes to such sentences truth-conditions relative to what is known. This essay demonstrates that a dynamic theory about might and must offers...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2018) 127 (4): 433–485.
Published: 01 October 2018
...Dilip Ninan This essay presents a puzzle concerning the interaction of epistemic modals, singular terms, and quantifiers. The puzzle poses a number of problems for both static and dynamic theories of epistemic modals. The trouble arises because neither approach takes into account the fact that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2013) 122 (4): 641–647.
Published: 01 October 2013
...Malte Willer Egan Andy and Weatherson Brian , eds., Epistemic Modality . New York : Oxford University Press , 2011 . vi+335 pp. © 2013 by Cornell University 2013 This is a long-anticipated collection of ten essays on epistemic modality by leading thinkers of the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2019) 128 (1): 1–61.
Published: 01 January 2019
... and not p⌝ and ⌜Not p and might p⌝ are inconsistent? To make sense of this situation, I propose a new theory of epistemic modals that aims to account for their subtle embedding behavior and shed new light on the dynamics of information in natural language. © 2019 by Cornell University 2019...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2010) 119 (3): 365–380.
Published: 01 July 2010
...Joseph Levine Type-B materialists (to use David Chalmers's jargon) claim that though zombies are conceivable, they are not metaphysically possible. This article calls this position regarding the relation between metaphysical and epistemic modalitymodal autonomism,” as opposed to the “modal...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2012) 121 (3): 359–406.
Published: 01 July 2012
... scope of epistemic modals or attitude verbs. The new view has two interesting philosophical consequences. First, it vindicates a broadly Fregean perspective on referential expressions, essentially refuting the idea that indexicals are rigid designators. Second, it suggests a new picture of the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2008) 117 (1): 77–98.
Published: 01 January 2008
...Kai von Fintel; Anthony S. Gillies Epistemic modals are standardly taken to be context-dependent quantifiers over possibilities. Thus sentences containing them get truth-values with respect to both a context and an index. But some insist that this relativization is not relative enough: `might...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2009) 118 (2): 269–273.
Published: 01 April 2009
...Kelly Trogdon Daniel Stoljar, Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. ix + 249 pp. Cornell University 2009 BOOK REVIEWS Aaron V. Garrett, Meaning in Spinoza’s Method. Cambridge...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 April 2009) 118 (2): 225–240.
Published: 01 April 2009
...Mark Eli Kalderon In Fear of Knowledge , Paul Boghossian argues against the very coherence of epistemic relativism. This essay does two things. First, without questioning the truth of his conclusion, it argues that Boghossian's argument for that conclusion fails. Second, it argues that the avowed...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2018) 127 (1): 73–114.
Published: 01 January 2018
...Conor Mayo-Wilson Epistemic closure ( ec ) is the thesis that knowledge is closed under known entailment. Although several theories of knowledge violate ec , failures of ec seem rare in science. I argue that, surprisingly, there are genuine violations of ec according to theories of knowledge widely...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2013) 122 (3): 337–393.
Published: 01 July 2013
...Selim Berker When it comes to epistemic normativity, should we take the good to be prior to the right? That is, should we ground facts about what we ought and ought not believe on a given occasion in facts about the value of being in certain cognitive states (such as, for example, the value of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2017) 126 (3): 301–343.
Published: 01 July 2017
... an agent is equipped to do (or refrain from doing) in normal circumstances. We start by discussing the orthodox account of natural language modals. This account appears to successfully model a variety of “flavors” of modality such as deontic, epistemic, and circumstantial. 2 But we argue...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2018) 127 (4): 523–528.
Published: 01 October 2018
...Colin McLear Stang Nicholas , Kant's Modal Metaphysics . Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2016 . 349 pp . © 2018 by Cornell University 2018 Anglophone philosophers with even a passing knowledge of Kant are no doubt familiar with some of his most notable arguments and...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2015) 124 (1): 119–152.
Published: 01 January 2015
... level can coexist with its absence at a lower level. Unlike previous arguments for the level-specificity of chance, the present argument shows, in a precise sense, that higher-level chance does not collapse into epistemic probability, despite higher-level properties supervening on lower-level ones. The...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2013) 122 (4): 577–617.
Published: 01 October 2013
... foot five and the actual world; the indicative mood phrase ‘he is’ describes Bob's height at the actual world. By contrast, the epistemic modal (11) and the indicative conditional (12) both seem absurd and infelicitous. They seem to claim that an obviously contradictory scenario—in which Bob is taller...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 January 2010) 119 (1): 31–76.
Published: 01 January 2010
... consider particles fundamental, with metaphysical explanation snaking upward from the many. There seem to be physical and modal considerations that favor the monistic view. Physically, there is good evidence that the cosmos forms an entangled system and good reason to treat entangled systems as irreducible...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2016) 125 (3): 307–339.
Published: 01 July 2016
... commitments of the project of dynamic semantics. © 2016 by Cornell University 2016 probability conditionals epistemic modals subjective value dynamic semantics commutativity idempotence These principles have a ring of plausibility: The probability you assign the conditional “if A then B...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2013) 122 (4): 527–575.
Published: 01 October 2013
...Michael Caie Probabilism is the view that a rational agent's credences should always be probabilistically coherent. It has been argued that Probabilism follows, given the assumption that an epistemically rational agent ought to try to have credences that represent the world as accurately as...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 October 2012) 121 (4): 483–538.
Published: 01 October 2012
... causal beliefs, and one-boxers to evidential beliefs. The essay notes that a similar issue can arise when the modality in question is chance, rather than causation. In this case, the conflict is between decision rules based on credences guided solely by chances, and rules based on credences guided by...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (1 July 2014) 123 (3): 281–338.
Published: 01 July 2014
... attributing any particular meaning to an expression is modally plastic: its truth depends very sensitively on the exact microphysical state of the world. However, such plasticity seems to threaten ordinary counterfactuals whose consequents contain speech reports, since it is hard to see how we could...