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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (1): 73–114.
Published: 01 January 2018
... important moral and political consequences that typically discussed violations of ec (e.g., concerning external-world skepticism) do not. For example, suppose drug manufacturers were required to disclose the results of preliminary research only if they knew a drug had “some negative side effect.” After...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (1): 108–110.
Published: 01 January 2001
...: EMOTION, ADDICTION AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR. By JON ELSTER.Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999. Pp. xii, 252. The Diagnostic Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association defines substance dependence, more commonly known as “drug addiction,” as “a cluster of cognitive, behavioral...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2021) 130 (1): 185–189.
Published: 01 January 2021
... company that hires scientists to find the benefits of a recently developed drug (267–68). When the hired researchers find no evidence that the drug is salutary in any of ways the manufacturer had hoped, they mine their data to find some salutary effect. Sure enough, they find the drug has an “impressive...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 451–472.
Published: 01 October 2016
... that could happen to him or her if I do not do this” are much too weak. That's the argument. It applies just as well to extreme progressivism and our original At the Doctor case, just so long as you, the doctor, are not giving out the drugs all in one go, but to each patient individually. It applies...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (3): 407–442.
Published: 01 July 2012
.... On this view, x values f not if and only if x desires f but rather if and only if x desires to desire f. For instance, one might think that though the drug addict desires the drug’s effects, he doesn’t desire to desire them, and hence does not genuinely value the eu- phoric daze. As Lewis writes, “We...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 371–398.
Published: 01 July 2018
... of mediators between C and E (see figure 2 ). This choice is conscious. Mediating variables are often not directly measurable. When we administer a medical drug (C) to cure migraine (E), there are numerous mediators in an appropriate causal model that includes C and E. However, the medical practitioner...
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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 244–247.
Published: 01 April 2014
... the institutions that govern international trade. For that reason, Hassoun focuses, in chapter 6, on a proposal that does not require significant changes to the international institutional order. Her idea is “to rate Bio companies based on how their policies impact poor peoples' access to essential drugs...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (1): 55–93.
Published: 01 January 2012
... Dragging and Confirming chose one of the twenty of us at random, gave that person a hallucinatory drug that causes lifelike visual hallucinations of various (but unspecified) ordinary objects, and then placed that person in an empty room. The other nineteen people were placed...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (1): 143–148.
Published: 01 January 2016
... be given drugs that cause her to dreamlessly sleep all through the day on Tuesday to wake up on Wednesday (if the coin came up heads), or be given different drugs that erase her memories of Monday, so that she wakes up on Tuesday in the same mental state that she woke up in on Monday, and she...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (1): 1–50.
Published: 01 January 2007
... the best actual consequences. A sim- ple example (adapted from one due to Frank Jackson [1991, 462–63]) reveals why. Imagine a doctor who is treating a patient with a life-threat- ening disease. The doctor has three drugs in her cabinet: drug A will certainly cure the disease but will also cause some...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 112–116.
Published: 01 January 2014
.... If such actions degrade either the dancer or the patron, or lead to secondary effects like crime and drug use, then privacy should be mandated. Touching seems to be an important condition for Allen because “unless the woman is touched or confined, she cannot be overpowered” (91). Situations in which a dancer...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2013) 122 (4): 657–661.
Published: 01 October 2013
... offer only an analogy. Consider an agent who is indifferent to her own future welfare. She knowingly ingests a drug that produces immediate pleasure but will kill her next week. She stubbornly denies that she acts irrationally. There is a narrow sense of ‘rational’ in which she acts rationally—she takes...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 35–61.
Published: 01 January 2000
... Quarterly 1 (1984): 3-21. 36 MJLECTION, PLANNING, AGENCY ture-include higher-order desires concerning first-order desires to seek revenge, to issue a cutting remark, to take a drug to which one is addicted, to slap one’s screaming two-year old...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (2): 267–270.
Published: 01 April 2000
.... With astonishing rigor, Fischer and Ravizza argue that if an agent could have done otherwise in just one situation in which the agent recognized that there was reason to do so-for example, if an addict could have re- sisted his desire for a drug in the one situation in which taking it would kill him...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (2): 310–313.
Published: 01 April 2008
... any axe to grind: it’s just that the evidence quite clearly proves that those people are poisoning the local water supply. In particular, they’ve contaminated it with a drug that causes people to fear members of that very group. I’m quite sure that I’ve been affected by this contaminant and that I...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (1): 132–135.
Published: 01 January 2000
... adult to act unreflectively in a certain way). The epistemic condition requires the agent to act in the belief that her act has the relevant moral value (so that, for example, a would-be poisoner who accidentally administers a life-saving drug does not incur praise). The convincingly dismissed...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 509–587.
Published: 01 October 2016
... off safety-undermining goons with drugs. So neither the probabilistic antiluck condition nor the probabilistic ability condition entails the other. Still, they hang together in a way that can and ought to guide our search for helpful formal tools, tools meant to help us secure probabilistic...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (4): 549–555.
Published: 01 October 2006
..., Incommensurability and Physical Necessity. Forewords by Rom Harré and Peter Lipton. Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate. xv + 146 pp. Husak, Douglas, and Peter de Marneffe. 2005. The Legalization of Drugs. For and Against series. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. xiv + 204 pp. Joyce, Richard. 2006...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (3): 473–479.
Published: 01 July 2008
.... Barsky, Robert F. 2007. The Chomsky Effect: A Radical Works beyond the Ivory Tower. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. xviii + 381 pp. Battin, Margaret P., and Erik Luna, Arthur Lipman, Paul Gahlinger, Douglas Rollins, Jeanette Roberts, Troy Booher. 2008. Drugs...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (2): 253–271.
Published: 01 April 2005
... one of whom can be given a life-saving drug, one might prefer to give it to the person with a greater chance of survival. But if given a choice to allocate the drug by a coin-flip, one might prefer to do that, either out of a sense of fair- ness, or to avoid personal responsibility for the death...