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desire-based theories of reasons

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 95–130.
Published: 01 January 2020
... elsewhere. Then, I propose a more promising solution. Moreover, I argue that a closely analogous problem arises for an important class of idealizing subjectivist views and that this problem admits of a similar solution. reasons subjectivism Humean theory of reasons desire-based theories of reasons...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (2): 201–242.
Published: 01 April 2010
..., which it argues is largely independent of any particular ethical standpoint, gives us some reason to doubt a class of ethical theories that includes utilitarianism. © 2010 by Cornell University 2010 Acting for the Right Reasons Julia Markovits...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (4): 465–500.
Published: 01 October 2009
... Darwall's example of motivationally potent reasoning that is not based on preexisting desires, Thomas Scanlon's criticism that the Humean theory fails to account for the structure and phenomenology of deliberation, and the phenomenon of akrasia as discussed by John Searle. In each case a Humean account...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (2): 209–239.
Published: 01 April 2012
... . New York : Cambridge University Press . Raz Joseph . 1999 . Engaging Reason: On the Theory of Value and Action . Oxford : Oxford University Press . Seidman Jeffrey . 2008 . “ Caring and the Boundary-Driven Structure of Practical Deliberation .” Journal of Ethics and Social...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 483–523.
Published: 01 October 2000
... of the Given”: More precisely, Evans’s view is alleged to suffer from the same sorts of problems that plague sense-datum theories of perception. In particular, McDowell argues that percep- tual experience must be within “the space of reasons,” that per- ception must be able to give us...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (4): 533–562.
Published: 01 October 2007
... completely inadequate for those who wish to think of rational status as a function of reasons. 17.  See Gert, Brute Rationality, especially chaps. 2–4. Principle P is based on a defini- tion of rational action that plays a central role in Bernard Gert’s moral theory. It was discussions of this...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 586–589.
Published: 01 October 2000
...Michael E. Bratman RULING PASSIONS: A THEORY OF PRACTICAL REASONING. By Simon Blackburn. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press, 1998. Pp. vii, 334. Cornell University 2000 BOOK REVEWS entails the existence of final causes, and these...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2010) 119 (4): 531–563.
Published: 01 October 2010
... suggestion at 2p35 that inadequate ideas are false only in the sense that they are fragmentary and partial. 536 Theories about Consciousness in Spinoza’s Ethics being. A mind that desires from knowledge of its own nature, by contrast, will always desire...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (2): 131–171.
Published: 01 April 2014
...Hannes Leitgeb This essay develops a joint theory of rational (all-or-nothing) belief and degrees of belief. The theory is based on three assumptions: the logical closure of rational belief; the axioms of probability for rational degrees of belief; and the so-called Lockean thesis, in which the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (3): 432–434.
Published: 01 July 2003
... the two. The title itself—The Architecture of Reason—reveals a crucial aspect of this theory: in both the theoretical and practical spheres there is a superstructure and a foundation on which it is based. The foundation is the same in both cases: experience, broadly understood. Beliefs are the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (4): 618–620.
Published: 01 October 2008
... problems, and critically responded to the theories of their predecessors and contemporaries. For Graham, the existence of this proto-scientific community is probably the main reason why there was a remarkable philosophical and scientific progress dur...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (4): 379–428.
Published: 01 October 2014
...J. Robert G. Williams Revisionary theories of logic or truth require revisionary theories of mind. This essay outlines nonclassically based theories of rational belief, desire, and decision making, singling out the supervaluational family for special attention. To see these nonclassical theories of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (2): 243–246.
Published: 01 April 2006
...” (34). As for humans, so for ravens and other animals: “In both cases, the attribution of beliefs and desires demonstrates its legitimacy by way of its role in a theory that provides successful prediction and explanation” (38, see also 42). Questions not explored here include: Does this causal...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (4): 607–609.
Published: 01 October 2011
...Nomy Arpaly Korsgaard Christine , The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology . Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2008 . x + 345 pp . © 2011 by Cornell University 2011 BOOK REVIEWS Richard Bett, ed. The Cambridge...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2007) 116 (2): 297–300.
Published: 01 April 2007
... potential. For he is willing to ignore the latter intuition when he cannot fi nd a theory that adequately accounts for it. But some might argue that, for all McMahan says and in the absence of a double standard, there is as much or as little reason to retain the one view as the other. 5. McMahan’s...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 79–105.
Published: 01 January 2014
... intrinsically good state of affairs. Parfit then argues on this basis against Subjectivist Theories and for Objectivist Theories of normative reasons for desire and action. Parfit also calls objective theories value-based theories since they hold that all normative desiderative and practical reasons are...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (2): 211–249.
Published: 01 April 2020
... action-involving activities. In section 3, we'll show that these features carry over to the interaction of correctness-based and practical reasons for belief; we'll also draw out some general morals for the theory of interaction of different kinds of reasons. In section 4, we discuss the key notions of...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (1): 118–121.
Published: 01 January 2006
... this volume is devoted to questions in normative ethics. Two of the essays here consider and defend a fairly straightforward vari- ety of consequentialism; they are noteworthy because of the way in which they proceed, if not for the novelty of the theory they defend. The much-discussed paper...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2006) 115 (1): 131–133.
Published: 01 January 2006
... volume is devoted to questions in normative ethics. Two of the essays here consider and defend a fairly straightforward vari- ety of consequentialism; they are noteworthy because of the way in which they proceed, if not for the novelty of the theory they defend. The much-discussed paper...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (3): 403–408.
Published: 01 July 2018
...Karen Ng Kreines James , Reason in the World: Hegel's Metaphysics and Its Philosophical Appeal . New York: Oxford University Press , 2015 . 290 pp . © 2018 by Cornell University 2018 James Kreines's Reason in the World is a welcome and exemplary text in the midst of...