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deliberate

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Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (3): 383–421.
Published: 01 July 2011
...Karen Margrethe Nielsen This article examines Aristotle's model of deliberation as inquiry (zêtêsis), arguing that Aristotle does not treat the presumption of open alternatives as a precondition for rational deliberation. Deliberation aims to uncover acts that are up to us and conducive to our ends...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2012) 121 (2): 209–239.
Published: 01 April 2012
...Nomy Arpaly; Timothy Schroeder Theoretical and practical deliberation are voluntary activities, and like all voluntary activities, they are performed for reasons. To hold that all voluntary activities are performed for reasons in virtue of their relations to past, present, or even merely possible...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2005) 114 (4): 497–534.
Published: 01 October 2005
... . Williams, Bernard. 1973 . Deciding to Believe. In Problems of the Self , 135 -51. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. The Philosophical Review, Vol. 114, No. 4 (October 2005) Doxastic Deliberation Nishi Shah and J. David Velleman Believing that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2009) 118 (4): 465–500.
Published: 01 October 2009
... Darwall's example of motivationally potent reasoning that is not based on preexisting desires, Thomas Scanlon's criticism that the Humean theory fails to account for the structure and phenomenology of deliberation, and the phenomenon of akrasia as discussed by John Searle. In each case a Humean account...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 583–586.
Published: 01 October 2000
... argues that no such version of inter- nalism follows from DCM, and that none is defensible. The only plausible connection between reasons and motivation is normative: that a reason for someone is something by which she should be moved, or by which she would be moved insofar as she deliberates...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 545–581.
Published: 01 October 2000
.... Rousseau’s general will, I shall argue, is the totality of unrescinded decisions made by a community-that is, of an association of individuals contractually constituted as a “moral and collective body”-when its deliberation is subject to certain constraints.’ The interpretation of Rousseau...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (4): 592–595.
Published: 01 October 2000
... and obviously compatibilist interpretation of free- dom. This is a novel and very interesting move. More precisely, Bok’s argument seems to me convincing as an interpre- tation of the freedom appropriate for purposes of practical deliberation. As she shows in chapter 3 (104-9), the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (4): 447–482.
Published: 01 October 2003
... this question is settled by, and only by, answering the question whether p is true? Truth is not an optional end for first-personal doxastic deliberation, providing an instrumental or extrinsic reason that an agent may take or leave at will. Otherwise there would be an infer- ential step between...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (3): 339–342.
Published: 01 July 2014
... ), the desire (as Moss convincingly argues) for an end conceived of as an end; and decision ( prohairesis ), the desire, resulting from deliberation, for means to an end. Now while the evaluative cognition that is in some sense definitive of these desires is supplied by thought, Moss insists that...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2015) 124 (2): 261–263.
Published: 01 April 2015
... and to deliberate about the best course of action. Indeed, on LoLordo's view, we can say that this is all that keeps animals from counting as moral men, because anything capable of suspension and deliberation would of necessity be rational and a person. She bolsters this claim in chapter 3, where...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2011) 120 (4): 619–620.
Published: 01 October 2011
..., On the Rationality of Belief-Invariance in Light of Peer Disagreement 207 Merricks, Trenton, Foreknowledge and Freedom 567 Nielsen, Karen Margrethe, Deliberation as Inquiry: Aristotle’s Alternative to the Presumption of Open Alternatives 383 Proops, Ian, Russell on Substitutivity...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2014) 123 (1): 118–125.
Published: 01 January 2014
... Aquinas provides the best reformulation of Aristotle's ethical thought; we have thus to reconcile this double role of practical wisdom with the Aristotelian doctrine of deliberation as the central practical usage of reason. As there are passages in Aristotle that point in this direction, continuity seems...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2002) 111 (4): 539–572.
Published: 01 October 2002
... can count as action unless it is per- formed on a subjective practical principle, or a maxim of action. The maxim is supposed to provide the target of moral assessment of all actions, whether this assessment is prospective (as it is in deliberation) or retrospective. The presence of a maxim is...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2018) 127 (4): 550–554.
Published: 01 October 2018
... lacking a counterfactual intervenor, for example, an agent's deliberation causes the outcome to occur. But in a case with an intervenor waiting in the wings, the agent's deliberation does not cause the outcome to occur, since the agent's deliberation does not make the right kind of difference. If this is...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2001) 110 (4): 587–590.
Published: 01 October 2001
... Socrates reluctantly admit—but more significantly, Socrates never 587 BOOK REVIEWS really intended to provide compelling arguments in the first place. Indeed, according to Beversluis, Socrates often deliberately misrepresents his interloc...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2020) 129 (1): 95–130.
Published: 01 January 2020
... you were fully informed and rational, or if you had deliberated soundly). Some views of this sort claim to answer the Agony Argument by building a reference to your future desires into their accounts of the relevant kind of idealization. As I will explain, these views face a close analogue of the...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2008) 117 (3): 349–383.
Published: 01 July 2008
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2003) 112 (1): 118–120.
Published: 01 January 2003
... deliberation as a special kind of cooperative activity. The first two chapters deal with standard issues of cooperation. With a twist: McMahon’s agents are situated in social situations in which some courses of collective action, some “cooperative schemes,” are plausible candidates and others are not...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2000) 109 (3): 313–347.
Published: 01 July 2000
... about my desires seem to be psychological descriptions of my situation as they might be viewed from an observer’s standpoint. Claims about what I should do, however, concern what there are (normative) reasons for me to do as these might be viewed from the perspective of an agent deliberating...
Journal Article
The Philosophical Review (2016) 125 (4): 473–507.
Published: 01 October 2016
... judgment of what to do in that situation. By deferring to another, you replace in your deliberations your judgment of some situation with that other person's, and you do so not because you think that other person's judgment is correct but rather because it is hers. In this way, the sort of deference at...